Clinical manifestations of electrolyte imbalance.

breznik's version from 2012-02-26 05:37


Question Answer
Lethargy, confusion, apprehension, muscle twitching, abdominal cramps, anorexia, nosia, vomiting, headache, seizures, coma, decreased thirstHyponatremia
Convulsions, disorientation, fatigue, restlesness,Thirst, dry , sticky mucus membranes, tongue red/ swollen, weaknessHypernatremia
Muscle weakness, leg cramps, fatigue, lethargy, anorexia, nosia, vomiting, decreased bowel sounds/motility, arrhythmia, depressed deep-tendon reflexes, weak irregular pulses.Hypokalemia
GI hyperactivity, diarrhea, irritability, apathy, confusion, muscle weakness/ areflexia, irregular pulse , decreased h.r, paresthesias, extremity numbness.Hyperkalemia
Paresthesias, limb numbness, muscle tremors, tetany, cramps, convulsions, cardiac disrythmias , decreased cardiac output, positive Trousseau's and Chvostek signs, confusion, anxiety, psychoses, hyperactive deep tendon reflexes.Hypocalcemia
Lethargy, weakness, depressed deep tendon reflexes, bone pain, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, constipation, polyuria, hypercalciuria, renal calculy/ flank pain, dysrythmias, heart block. Hypercalcemia
Neuromuscular irritability with tremors, increased reflexes, convulsions, positive chvostek's and trousseau's signs, tachycardia, elevated BP, dysrythmias, vertigo, confusion, anorexia, dysphagia, respiratory difficultiesHypomagnesemia
Peripheral vasodilatation, paralysis, no deep tendon reflexes, coma, lethargy, respiratory depression, cardiac arrest if severe, hypotension, bradycardiaHypermagnesemia