Yareli Soto- Medieval Japan Vocab. and Question.rename
yarelisoto1252's version from 2016-05-04 18:13
|Shinto||The traditional religion of Japan|
|Prince Shinto||Served from 593-621 as regent for his aunt the empress|
|Regent||Is a person who rules a country for someone who is unable to rule alone|
|Court||A group of nobles who live near and serve or advise a ruler|
|Lady Murasaki Shikibu||One of the greatest writers in early Japanese history|
|Zen||A popular new form of Buddhism arrived in China in the 1100s.|
|Unprecedented||Having no equal|
|Equestrian||Related to horse|
|Brocades||Rich cloths with designs woven into them|
|Cormorants||Large diving birds|
|Daimyo||Japan's large landowners|
|Samurai||Trained professional warriors|
|Figurehead||A person who appears to rule even though real power rests with someone else|
|Shogun||A general who ruled Japan in the emperor's name|
|Bushido||The samurai code of rules|
How did Japan's location separate it from China and Korea? They were separated by the Sea of Japan and East China Sea.
What is Shinto? The traditional religion of Japan.
How did Yamato rulers gain power? They built up armies and conquered their neighbors.
How did Prince Shotoku help spread Buddhism in Japan? He built a grand Buddhist temple and wrote commentaries on Buddhist teachings.
Where did Japan's court move in the late 700s? The Japanese court moved to Heian, which is now called Kyoto.
Why are the 800s to 1100s considered a golden age for Japanese literature and art? During the Heian period, the city of Heian was a center of culture and learning, as fashion, literature, visual arts, architecture, and performing arts flourished.
Do you think women in Heian had more rights and freedoms than women in other societies? Why or why not? During the Heian period, women had more rights than in other cultures.
What were two forms of Buddhism that developed in Japan? Pure land and Zen Buddhism forms were developed in Japan.
How was the religion among Japanese nobles different from religion among the common people? Religion among Japanese nobles included elaborate rituals. Since common people couldn't afford these, they developed a meditation type of Buddhism.
Why do you think Pure Land Buddhism was popular with common people? Pure Land Buddhism required no special and elaborate rituals, which commoners couldn't afford.
What was the relationship between samurai and daimyo? Samurai were hired to defend the daimyo and their property.
Why do you think the first shogun wanted to keep the emperor as a figurehead? The shogun would have wanted to keep the emperor as a figurehead so that the emperor would be the one to face the consequences of the shogun's actions.
What was Bushido? Bushido was a samurai code of rules that included loyalty and honor.
Why did samurai take up pursuits like flower arranging? They focused on the art of meditation and focus, so they took up these pursuits to practice focus.
Who invaded Japan in the 1270s and 1280s? Kublai Khan and the Mongol army invaded Japan in the 1270s and 1280s.
How did the daimyo help weaken the shoguns? Daimyo fought to break free of the shogun's rule because they felt that the shogun didn't give enough credit for their help defending Japan from the Mongols.
What strong leaders worked to unify Japan in the late 1500s? Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu were two such leaders.