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World War 1

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dezebolo's version from 2018-03-29 00:01

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Question Answer
Explain the MAIN causes of the warMilitarianism- European nations competed to have the greatest military. Alliances- promises and defense agreements among nations to attack one country could involve with a war with many. Imperialism- led to competition for colonies in Africa, Asia, and other places. Since few places were left, expansion of one country led conflict of the next, Nationalism- intense loyalty to one's country, encouraged new nations to establish their power in the world, and for certain ethnic groups to break away and form their own self government
Triple AllianceGermany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy banded together, forming Central Powers, except for Italy, who joined later in the other side, if Russia starts a war
Triple EntenteGreat Britain, France, and Russia joined together and formed the Allies
An Ententean understanding between nations/ an agreement
Central PowersGermany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Japan, Albania
Allied PowersGreat Britain, France, Russia, Ireland, Belgium, Italy, Portugal, Serbia, Greece, Romania
U- boatsGermany's effective naval weapon of its own. The submarine prevented supplies from reaching GB. Affected the US and changed the course of the war
Italy and Japan Joined after the war because they wanted land, The US joined in support of freedom and against tyranny, Ottoman Empire was forced
Trench WarfareFor three years after Battle of Marne, opposing enemies faced each other across a network of trenches. Provided some protection from bullets and shells, also served as head-quarters, first-aid stations, and storage areas. Soldiers lived in terrible fear, endless boredom, and there were trench rats/ British central-Switzerland immobilized 4 years
Zimmerman TelegramGermans believed they could defeat the Allies before the US was heavily involved. A secret telegram was intercepted by the British government declared German foreign minister Zimmerman has sent a telegram to Mexico to ask them to join and invade the US
PropagandaBoth sides used propaganda, information designed to influence opinion. Allied propaganda perceived Germans as brutal Huns. The Central Powers' propaganda was equally horrible. Due to British sympathies, Allied propaganda was more affective.
Treaty of Brest-LitovskVladmir Lenin, leader of the Bolsheviks, signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany, surrendering Poland, the Ukraine, and other territory to the Germans. Russia's withdrawal from the war allowed the Germans to move hundreds of troops from the Eastern to Western Front
National War Labor BoardMade up of representatives of business, labor, and public. Pressured buinesses to grant pressing demands, workers won an 8-hour work day, extra pay for overtime, equal pay for women, and right to form unions, workers agree not to strike
Mobilizationthe gathering of resources and the preparation for war
Socialistspeople who believe industries should be publicly owned and opposed the war because they thought it would only help rich business owners and hurt working people
Pacifistspeople who were against the war and opposed the use of violence
League of Nations Wilson's final point, the one he considered most important, stated the creation of a general association of nations. The League of Nations met regularly to resolve international disputes. Reserve peace and prevent future wars by pledging respect and protecting each other's territory and political independence
Treaty of Versailles- What were its terms and which allied power didn't sign itAllies and German signed a treaty declaring Germany was fully responsible for the war and had to pay billions of dollarts in reparation to Allies. They had to completely disarm and give all overseas colonies as well as some European. Created Austro-Hungaria and Russian Empires forming nations Austria, Hungary, Czech, Yugoslavia, Poland, Finland, Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia. The US did not sign
LusitaniaGermany sank vessels traveling British ports. US protested and would hold Germany responsible for any lives lost by attacks. May 7, 1915, U-boats torpedoed British passenger liner Lusitania, killing 1000, 126 of which were Americans. It was later learned the ship carried war materials
Selective Service ActOn May 18, Congress passed SSA, establishing a military draft and had support of most public. 24 million men registered by end of war, 3 millionn called to serve, and 2 million joined armed forces voluntarily. Women were radio operators, clerks, and nurses. 300,000 African joined army and navy. Allowed soldiers to draft
Liberty BondsWW1 cost US about 32 billion dollars. 2/3 raisted by selling American war bonds, victory bonds, or liberty bonds
Wilson's 14 PointsOutlined peace plan as a proposal, 6 of the points were open peaceful agreements between nations, freedom of the seas, freedom between nations to trade, national self determination, disarmament, creation of the nation of leagues
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