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World Geography

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chillant's version from 2018-12-19 07:09

Label the World

North America Landforms

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LabelAnswer
ABrooks River (NW to SE of marker)
BGreenland
CAlaska Range (W to SE of marker)
DBaffin Island
ECanadian Shield (N to SE of marker)
FHudson Bay
GBaffin Bay
HLaurentian Plateau (W to E of marker)
IGreat Plains (NNW to SSE of marker)
JCoast Mountains (N to S of marker)
KRocky Mountains
LAppalachian Mountains
MCentral Lowlands (WSW to ENE of marker)
NCoastal Plains (Central Texas to Florida)
OLabrador Sea
PNorwegian Sea
QBeaufort Sea
RMacKenzie Mountains (NW to S of marker)
SSierra Madre Occidental (NW to SE of marker)
TCaribbean Sea
UVictoria Island
VSierra Madre Oriental (N to S of marker)
WBaja California
XCascade Range
YBering Sea (along the coast)
ZCoast Range (along the coast)
AACentral Lowlands
ABAtlantic Coastal Plains (NNE to SSW of marker)
ACVancouver Island
ADGulf of Saint Lawrence
AEBay of Fundy
AFSaint Lawrence River
AGLake Superior
AHLake Michigan
AILake Huron
AJLake Erie
AKLake Ontario
ALLake Winnipeg (easternmost)
AMSierra Nevada (NW to SE of marker)
memorize

South America Landforms

SQRTPDCJBAIGUHEFLKMNO

 

LabelAnswer
ABrazilian Highlands
BGran Chaco (N to S of marker)
CGuiana Highlands (W to ESE of marker)
DLlanos
EPampas
FPatagonia (NNE to SSW of marker)
GAtacama Desert (NNE to SSW of marker)
HMt. Aconcagua (tallest in Western Hemisphere)
IAndes Mountains (along the coast)
JGalapagos Islands (21 total, 3 visible)
KStrait of Magellan (water)
LFalkland Islands
MTierra del Fuego (land)
NDrake Passage
OCape Horn
PIsthmus of Panama (thin connection)
QPlateau of Mexico
RYucatan Peninsula
SBahama Islands
TLesser Antilles
UIguazu Falls
memorize

South America Political

KIAJLMBCEDFGHPQNRSOWTUVYXAAZ

 

LabelAnswer
AMexico - Mexico City
BBelize - Belmopan
CGuatemala - Guatemala City
DEl Salvador - San Salvador
EHonduras - Tegucigalpa
FNicaragua - Managua
GCosta Rica - San Jose
HPanama - Panama City
ICuba - Havana
JHaiti - Port-au-Prince
KBahamas - Nassau
LDominican Republic - Santo Domingo
MPuerto Rico - San Juan (NE)
NColombia - Bogola
OEcuador - Quito
PVenezuela - Caracas
QGuyana - Georgetown
RSuriname - Paramaribo
SFrench Guiana
TBrazil - Brasilia
UBolivia - La Paz
VBolivia - Sucre
WPeru - Lima
XChile - Santiago
YParaguay - AsunciĆ³n
ZUruquay - Montevideo
AAArgentina - Buenos Aires
memorize

Middle East and North Africa Landforms

NEDSBCKMALUITGJFOHPQR

 

LabelAnswer
AAtlas Mountains (W to E of marker)
BTaurus Mountains (WNW to ENE of marker)
CZagros Mountains (SW to marker to ESE)
DHindu Kush Mountains
ECaucasus Mountains (W to E of marker)
FArabian Peninsula
GSahara Desert
HRub 'al Khali (SW to NE of marker)
ISinai Peninsula
JNile River
KTigris River
LEuphrates River
MMediterranean Sea
NBlack Sea
ORed Sea
PArabian Sea
QGulf of Aden
RBab el Mandeb (in between, water)
SBosphorus Strait
TStrait of Hormuz
USuez Canal
memorize

Middle East Political

MONQKLPHIJGFEADCB

 

LabelAnswer
ASaudi Arabia - Riyadh
BYemen - Sanaa
COman - Muscat
DUAE - Abu Dubai
EQatar - Doha
FBahrain - Manama
GKuwait - Kuwait City
HIraq - Baghdad
IJordan - Aman
JIsrael - Jerusalem
KLebanon - Beirut
LSyria - Damascus
MTurkey - Ankara
NIran - Tehran
OTurkmenistan - Ashgabat
PPakistan - Islamabad
QAfghanistan - Kabul
memorize

North Africa Political

BCADE

 

LabelAnswer
AMorocco - Rabat
BAlgeria - Algiers
CTunisia - Tunis
DLibya - Tripoli
EEgypt - Cairo
memorize

Parts of Weather

There are six main components of weather: temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind, humidity, precipitation, and cloudiness. These components describe the weather at any given time. These changing components, along with the knowledge of atmospheric processes, help meteorologists forecast what the weather will be like in the near future.

 

NumberComponent
1temperature
2atmospheric pressure
3wind
4humidity
5precipitation
6cloudiness
memorize

Boundaries / Faults

There are three types of boundaries: divergent, convergent, and transformative. A divergent boundary consists of two plates moving away from each other; a convergent boundary consists of two plates moving towards each other, and a transformative boundary consists of two plates sliding past each other.

 

BoundaryDescription
Divergenttwo plates moving away from each other
Convergenttwo plates moving towards each other
Transformativetwo plates sliding past each other
memorize

Water Cycle

StepDescription
1Ocean water evaporates, leaving salt behind
2Water vapor enters atmosphere and condenses into clouds
3The clouds eventually induce precipitation over land
4The water collects and evaporates again later
memorize

Four Evidences of Continental Drift

EvidenceDescription
1Earth's continents seem to fit together like a jigsaw puzzle
2Fossil correlation shows how fossils appear connected over corresponding continents in the 'jigsaw puzzle'
3Rock or mountain correlation also shows how rocks appear connected on both sides of the oceans
4Paleoclimate data shows coal in cold areas and glaciers in warm areas (possibly moved)
memorize

Local Climate vs Regional Climate

Local climates influence very small geographical areas, generally only several miles across. However, under certain conditions local climates can act more like a regional climate. Examples of local climates include land and sea breezes, the effects of mountains, and heat island effects of cities.
Regional climates on the other hand, affect a significant geographical area, much greater than that influenced by a local climate, but is of course, much smaller than the global climate of the whole Earth. Examples include the distinct maritime climate of the British Isles, and the Indian Monsoon.

 

Local ClimateExample
1land and sea breezes
2effects of mountains due to topography
3heat island effects of cities
memorize

 

Regional ClimateExample
1maritime climate of the British Isles
2Indian Monsoon
memorize

Icebergs

An iceberg is a piece of floating ice in an ocean or lake. They form when ice breaks off or gets carved off a glacier or breaks off a larger piece of ice. Icebergs are at least 16 feet across. Icebergs have several features:
tricky to navigate or steer around because of its unusual shape
most of an iceberg is underwater
found in the Arctic, North Atlantic, and Southern Oceans

Vegetation Regions

A vegetation region depends on the plant types and soil. The five major vegetation regions are:

Forest

Trees grouped so that leaves cover a lot of the ground
Found everywhere on earth
There are four types of forests, which depend on the type of tree:
Deciduous: green leaves, change color in fall (oak maple)
Evergreen: leaves stay green all year long
Coniferous: trees with cones and needles
Eucalyptus: forests of Australia mixed with deciduous

Grassland

Flat and open areas with grass as the dominant plant
Found everywhere except Antarctica
Climate plays a role in the types of grassland
Cool climate: tough vegetation / weeds
Warmer climate: seasonal vegetation
Tropical grassland / savanna: mostly in Africa
Important for milk and dairy production

Tundra

Difficult to grow trees due to wild temperatures and short seasons
Vegetation limited to shrubs, grasses, and moss
There are two types of tundra:
Alpine: seperated from a forest vegetation region by a tree line; too hot / cold for a tree (Tibetan Plateau)
Arctic: far in northern hemisphere, bare landscape, frozen all-year-round (Russia / Canada)

Desert

Take up 1/3 of Earth's land
Less than 10 in. of rainfall per year
High daytime temperature and low nighttime temperature
Low humidity
The soil is sandy, rocky, or gravel
Plenty of cacti
Largest desert: Antarctic

Ice sheet

No vegetation
In Antarctica and Greenland
Much bigger than ice shelves
Scientists research about atmospheric changes and the rate that ice melts at

Tsunamis

Tsunamis are unrelated to tides. They occur due to the movement of seismic energy through water, which can start a tsunami. Tsunami means 'harbor wave' in Japanese, named that because it generally is only visible when it reaches the harbor. Volcanic eruptions, submarine landslides, and earthquakes can all cause tsunamis. You can tell a tsunami is coming when the tide is drawn unusually far back.

 

NumberCause
1volcanic eruptions
2submarine landslides
3earthquakes
memorize

"Spheres"

Lithosphere

Land

Hydrosphere

Water

Biosphere

Living things

Atmosphere

Air

Layers of the Earth

The four layers of the Earth are:

Crust

1st layer
200-400 degrees Celsius
Constantly moving
About 1% of the entire Earth
Composed of tectonic plates
Consists of two parts:
continental crust: 29% igneous rock or up to 3.1 billion years older; density: 2.7 g/cm; 60 km thick
oceanic crust 71% sedimentary or basalt rock; density: 3 g/cm; 5 km thick

Mantle

2nd layer
2900 km / 1800 mi deep
Contain convection currents making the mantle move
About 84% of the entire Earth
Composed of two parts:
lithosphere: on top; dense rock, iron and nickel; 300-500 degrees Celsius
asthenosphere: below; plastic-like fluid; 4500 degrees Celsius

Outer Core

3rd layer
Liquid made up of iron and nickel
4400 degrees Celsius

Inner Core

4th layer
Hotter than the surface of the sun (lenny face)
Made up of iron and nickel
5159-6378 km thick
5505 degrees Celsius

TODALSIGS

Parts of a map:

 

LetterMeaning
Ttitle
Oorientation
Ddate
Aauthor
Llegend
S (1)scale
Iindex
Ggrid
S (2)sources
memorize

Types of maps / regions

The three types of regions include:

Formal

Unifying characteristics (Corn Belt in Ohio)

Functional

Incorporates a central node and a surrounding area that is connected to the node (Chicago)

Perceptual

Defined by commonly accepted tradition / value over data (Middle East)

Articles

Qatar and the World Cup

Route 66

Maple Syrup

Bay of Fundy

Great Lakes

Religions

Christianity
Judaism
Islam