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lunalovegood's version from 2016-08-03 11:34

Section

Question Answer
Wire loopsSLE
Koplik spots Measles (paramyxovirus)
Glutaraldehydecold sterile
Hand foot & mouth diseaseCoxsackievirus A (picornavirus)
Negri bodiesRabies (rhabdovirus)
High alkaline phosphatasePaget's
Auto-antibodies to Ach receptorsmyasthenia gravis
Inadequate release of AchEaton-Lambert syndrome
High lipase & amylaseacute pancreatitis
Aschoff bodiesrheumatic fever
Aflatoxin B1 inducing aspergillomahepatocellular carcinoma
Thyroidization of kidneychronic pyelonephritis
Xanthelesmashyperlipidemia
High ASO titerrheumatic fever (Strep pyogenes)
Postpartum hypopituitary necrosisSheehan syndrome
Heberden nodesosteoarthritis
B-naphthylaminebladder cancer (smoking)
CroupParainfluenza (paramyxovirus)
Fungus ballsaspergilloma
Peyer's Patchesjejunum
Myenteric plexusperistalsis
Meissener's plexuschemical stimuli
Barrett's esophagussimple columnar in distal esophagus (should be stratified squamous -- metaplasia -- adenocarcinoma precursor)
Iron absorptionDUODENUM (duuudes lift iron)
B12ILEUM
Stomach acidparietal cells (oxyntic)
Pepsinogenchief cells
GastrinG cells (stimulated by distension, travels through blood --> acid)
Lipasechief cells
At the base of Lieburkuhn glands (crypts)paneth cells
Coats surface of microvilliglycocalyx
Rathke's Pouchanterior pituitary
Prolactin, GH - ___ophils ... acidophils
TSH, FSH, LH, MST, ACTH - ___ ophilsbasophils
Herring bodiesin posterior pituitary they store oxytocin and ADH
Glomerulosaaldosterone
Fasciculatacortisone
Reticularisandrogens
Islets of Langerhansglucagon and insulin (more abundant in tail of pancreas)
Type II alveolar cellssurfactant
Thyroglossal duct remnantforamen cecum
Maxillary artery divided by...lateral pterygoid
80S ribosome ___karyotes. 70S ___karyotes.eukaryotes, prokaryotes
M proteinstreptococci
Toxoid vaccinesexotoxin
TSSTStaph
Blood agar hemolyticStrep
OptochinStrep
Alpha hemolytic StrepS. pneumonia (also Viridans - mutans, mitis, sanguis, salviarius)
Lancefield antigenStrep beta-hemolytic A-D & F-G
Beta hemolytic StrepS. pyogenes
Gas gangrene / myonecrosisC. perfringens
Floppy baby syndromeC. botulinum
Pontiac feverLegionella
Acid-fast bacilli w/ mycolic acidtuberculosis
Ghon complexestuberculosis
Gummatertiary syphilis
Lytic stagemultiplication, virulent
Lysogenic stageNO replicate, integrated into chromosome = prophage
Systemic onset juvenile idiopathic arthritisStill's disease
Hemorrhagic necrosis of adrenal cortexWaterhouse-Friderichensen syndrome (meningococcal meningitis)
Damage to myelinmultiple sclerosis
Heterophile antibody testinfectious mononucleosis (by EBV)
Cor pulmonaleright side CHF
Pedal edemaright side CHF
Mural thrombuscerebral embolism
Generalized, massive edemaanasarca
Excess serous fluid in peritoneal cavityascites (cirrhosis, hepatitis, portal vein thrombosis, CHF, liver cancer, nephrotic, pancreatitis, constrictive pericarditis)
Milkman fractureosteomalacia
Hemophilia A factor ___8
Hemophilia B factor ___9
Hemophilia C factor ___11
Thrombocytopeniareduced # of platelets
vWF deficiencyvon Willebrand's disease (impaired platelet adhesion)
Thromboplastin + prothrombin + ___ ions = thrombinCa (thrombin + fibrinogen = fibrin)
Hyperchromatic RBCsPernicious anemia
Inadequate RBCs due to inhibition/destruction of red bone marrowaplastic anemia
Toxic lvls of Cu in liver --> cirrhosisWilson's disease
Maculopapular rashRubella, measles, 2o syphillis
Arachidonic acid cyclooxygenationprostaglandins & thromboxanes
Arachidonic acid lipoxygenationleukotrienes
Xanthine oxidasemakes uric acid from purines
Uric acid build-upgout
Adrenal medulla tumorpheochromocytoma (HTN)
Reed-Sternberg cellsHodgkin's lymphoma (Non-Hodgkin's characterized by absence)
CD8+cytotoxic T (cytotoxic Hate)
CD4+helper T (help 4 u)
IL-2 aka...TGF (T-cell growth factor)
No B or T cellsSCID
Defective B or T cellsWiskott-Aldrich syndrome (boys, eczema, thrombocytopenia)
Secondary Sjogrens Syndromeautoimmune disorder present
Sigmoid colonmost common site of colorectal cancer
Basal cell carcinomamost common malignant tumor of skin
Malignant melanomamost severe tumor of skin
Burkitt's lymphomahigh grade B-cell lymphoma (EBV, herpes, abdominal mass)
Juxtaglomerular apparatusafferent arteriole, stretch receptor, renin
Macula densadistal tubule, Na receptor, stimulates JXGA to secrete renin
Cytochrome P450liver
Cytochrome oxidasemitochondria
XXYKlinefelter's
XOTurner's
Missing thymus & parathyroidsDiGeorge syndrome
Tear in cardia or distal esophagusMallory-Weiss syndrome
Anopheles mosquitomalaria
Cat pooptoxoplasma gondii
Plasmin aka...fibrinolysin
Red sore --> yellow-brown crust like honey/brown sugar on faceimpetigo
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiencyemphysema
Premature infant no surfactantatelectasis
Neck vein distensionpulmonary edema
SGPT, SGOT, LDH, CKMI
CPKheart, brain, skeletal muscle
DNA hepatitisHep B
Pulmonary edemaLeft CHF
Pulmonary HTNnarrowing, clot, idiopathic, Left CHF etc.
Nutmeg liverRight CHF
Spingomyelinase defectNiemann-Pick
Hexosaminidase A defectTay-Sachs
Alpha-galactosidase defectFabry's disease
Glucocerebrosidase defectGaucher's disease
Accumulation of gangliosidesTay-Sachs
Acrochordon aka...skin tag
Bence Jones proteinMultiple myeloma
Multiple myelomaplasma cells, punched out radiolucencies, Bence Jone protein
No IgGagammaglobulinemia
Microgliamacrophages of CNS
Patau's syndrome aka...trisomy 13
Edward's syndrome aka...trisomy 18
Hamartoma polypsPeutz-Jeghers syndrome
Chvostek's signtetany
Trousseau's signtetany
Elevated PSA + noduleprostate cancer
Keratin pearlsSCC
Small cell (oat cell) carcinomaAggressive, highly malignant lung cancer
Nematodeseosinophils
Entamoeba histolyticaamoeba Dysentery
Shigellabacterial Dysentery
Trichophyton, Microsporum, Epidermophytonring worm (trichophyton is athlete's foot)
Philadelphia chromosomechronic myeloid leukemia
Strep viridansbacterial endocarditis
Submandibular + submental + sublingual BILATERAL space infectionsLudwig's angina
Complement prn potent anaphylatoxinC5a
Wassermann testsyphilis
Non-painful chancre1o syphilis
Treponema pallidumsyphilis (spirochete)
McBurney's pointappendicitis
List the 10 essential AATrp, Phe, Lys, His, Arg, Val, Leu, Ile, Threonine, Met
Sabin is ___. Salk is ___.attenuated live, inactivated (polio)
Pautrier microabscessesmycosis fungoides NHL (Sezary disease)
Binds/inhibits bacterial 50Sclindamycin (and macrolides)
Binds/inhibits bacterial 30Stetracycline (etc.)
Sexy gingivitisPrevotella intermedia
C3bopsonization
HLA-DR4rheumatoid artheritis
FibrillinMarfan syndrome
N-mycneuroblastoma
Tzanck cellspemphigus vulgaris (herpes, varicella, CMV)
Lines of Zahnarterial thrombi
Lisch nodulesneurofibromatosis
Cafe au lait spotsneurofibromatosis (etc.)
Ceroidin Kupffer cells sign of hepatocellular injury
Reid indexChronic bronchitis
Libman-Sacks endocarditisSLE
Splinter hemorrhagesendocarditis
Meconium ileuscystic fibrosis
Decompression sickness aka...Caisson's disease (air embolism)
Ketoacidosistype 1 diabetes (alcohol, starvation) (type 2 diabetes RARE)
Mandible is class ___ lever3
Primary teeth calcification4-6 months in utero
All teeth have ___ point angles4
Bud stage8wks in utero
Nissl bodiesRER of nerves
Cavernous sinusIII, IV, VI, Internal carotid artery, V1, V2
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Doppelgangers
Question Answer
Primary MAX 1st molarPerm MAX 1st premolar
Primary MAND 2nd molarPerm MAND 1st molar
Primary MAX 2ndPerm MAX 1st molar
Primary MAND 1st molarNONE
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Pharyngeal Marshes
Question Answer
Malleus & incus1
Sphenomandibular ligament1
Anterior belly digastric1
Tensor veli palatini1
Stapes2
Posterior belly digastric2
Lesser horn of hyoid2
Superior body of hyoid2 (Reichert has a great body)
Greater horn of hyoid3
Inferior body of hyoid3
Carotid body3
Levator veli palatini4
Palatoglossus4
Internal carotid artery1, 2, 3
Inferior parathyroid glands3rd pouch
Superior parathyroid glands4th pouch
Parafollicular cells of thyroid4th pouch
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Exceptions
Question Answer
INNERVATION Palatoglossuspharyngeal plexus from vagus (intrinsic extrinsic tongue muscles CN 12)
INNERVATION Tensor palatineV3 (palatal muscles CN 10)
INNVERVATION StylopharyngeusCN 9 (pharynx CN 10)
INNVERVATION Cricothyroidexternal laryngeal from superior laryngeal (larynx recurrent laryngeal)
INNVERVATION Cricopharyngeusexternal laryngeal from superior laryngeal (larynx recurrent laryngeal)
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