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Wheel Chairs

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chandlerrice's version from 2016-12-16 18:14

Section 1

Question Answer
Seat HeightMeasure from the user's heel to the popliteal fold and add 2 inches to allow clearance of the foot rest. Avg size is 19.5 to 20.5 inches
Seat DepthMeasure from the user's posterior buttock, along the lateral thigh to the popliteal fold. Subtract 2-3 inches to avoid pressure from the front edge of the seat against the popliteal space. Avg size is 16 inches
Seat WidthMeasure widest aspect of the user's butt, hips or thighs and add approx. 2 inches. Avg size is 18 inches
Back HeightMeasure from the seat of the chair to the floor of the axilla with the user's shoulder flexed to 90 degrees and then subtract approx. 4 inches. This will allow the final back height to be below the inferior angles of the scapulae. Avg size is 16 to 16.5 inches
Armrest HeightMeasure from the seat of the chair to the olecranon process with the user's elbow flexed to 90 degrees and then add approx 1 inch to pts hanging elbow. Avg size is 9 inches above the chair seat.
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Section 2

Question Answer
Reclining BackIndicated for patients who are unable to independently maintain an upright sitting position
Electric Reclining BackUsed to redistribute weight bearing on the buttocks, can be controlled via sip/puff chin or head control (high cervical lesions/neuro defects)
Tilt-in-SpaceEntire seat may be tilted backward indicated for patients with extensor spasms/tone that may throw the patient out of the chair, or for pressure relief
One-Arm-DriveLocated on the wheel, used to propel the chair with both rims with one hand
Hemiplegic Chair (semi-chair)Designed to be low to the ground, allowing propulsion with the uninvolved upper and lower extremities
Amputee ChairModified by placing the drive wheels posterior to the vertical back supports, increasing stability
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