WHAP Full Vocab List

tms0311's version from 2016-03-01 12:16


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Abbasid Caliphatee Descendants of the Prophet Muhammad's uncle, al-Abbas, the Abbasids overthrew the Umayyad Caliphate and ruled an Islamic empire from their capital in Baghdad (founded 762) from 750 to 1258.
abolitionistss Men and women who agitated for a complete end to slavery. Abolitionist pressure ended the British transatlantic slave trade in 1808 and slavery in British colonies in 1834. In the United States the activities of abolitionists were one factor leading to the Civil War (1861-1865).
acculturationThe adoption of the language, customs, values, and behaviors of host nations by immigrants.
Acheh Sultanatee Muslim kingdom in northern Sumatra. Main center of Islamic expansion in Southeast Asia in the early seventeenth century, it declined after the Dutch seized Malacca from Portugal in 1641.
AdenPort city in the modern south Arabian country of Yemen. It has been a major trading center in the Indian Ocean since ancient times.
African National CongressAn organization dedicated to obtaining equal voting and civil rights for black inhabitants of South Africa. Founded in 1912 as the South African Native National Congress, it changed its name in 1923. Though it was banned and its leaders were jailed for many years, it eventually helped bring majority rule to South Africa.
Afrikanerss South Africans descended from Dutch and French settlers of the seventeenth century. Their Great Trek founded new settler colonies in the nineteenth century. Though a minority among South Africans, they held political power after 1910, imposing a system of racial segregation called apartheid after 1949.
Agricultural Revolution(s) (ancient)The change from food gathering to food production that occurred between ca. 8000 and 2000 B.C.E. Also known as the Neolithic Revolution.
Agricultural Revolution(s) (18th centuryThe transformation of farming that resulted in the eighteenth century from the spread of new crops, improvements in cultivation techniques and livestock breeding, and the consolidation of small holdings into large farms from which tenants and sharecroppers were forcibly expelled.
Aguinaldo, Emilio (1869-1964)Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895-1898). He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in
1899, but his movement was crushed and he was captured by the United States Army in 1901.
Akbar I (1542-1605)Most illustrious sultan of the Mughal Empire in India (r. 1556-1605). He expanded the empire and pursued a policy of conciliation with
AkhenatenAn Egyptian pharaoh (r. 1353-1335 B.C.E.). He built a new capital at Amarna, fostered a new style of naturalistic art, and created a religious revolution by
imposing worship of the sun-disk. The Amarna letters, largely from his reign, preserve official correspondence with subjects and neighbors.
Alexander (356-323 B.C.E.)King of Macedonia in northern Greece. Between 334 and 323 B.C.E. he conquered the Persian Empire, reached the Indus Valley,
founded many Greek-style cities, and spread Greek culture across the Middle East. Later known as Alexander the Great.
AlexandriaCity on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt founded by Alexander. It became the capital of the Hellenistic kingdom of the Ptolemies. It contained the
famous Library and the Museum?a center for leading scientific and literary figures. Its merchants engaged in trade with areas bordering the Mediterranean and the
Indian Ocean.