Western Civ final

lucascarter's version from 2015-05-05 14:52

Section 1

Question Answer
Who ruled Athens during its Golden Age?Pericles
Who established trial by jury as a regular procedure in England?Henry II
What was the most powerful city in the bronze age?Micenea
What council developed orthodox as doctrine of the trinity?Council of Micea
Who's called the father of philosophy?Thales

Section 2

Question Answer
Wrote aendeidVirgil
Wrote IlliadHomer
What battle ended the anglo-saxton rule of England?Battle of hastings
Who was executed by Athens for corrupting the youth?Socrates
Great schism occured from 1317-1417 when there was more than one popeTrue

Section 3

Question Answer
Founded first civilization in MesopotamiaSumerians
Erasmus attacked convential in his bookThe Praise of Folly
Who created a greek text of the new testament?Erasmus
Who's the Christian humanist who's responsible for the spread of humanism?Erasmus

Section 4

Question Answer
Who said, "Knowledge can never be dangerous to true relgion?"Erasmus
Who's the leader of the Swiss reformation in Genova?John Calvin
The man who became the supreme leader of English dramaShakespeare
Which of these is a weakness in the Renaissance?No literature after Petra
Which one of these is not something Lutherans did?Give the holy roman emporeror *something* D.

Section 5

Question Answer
Luther believes salvation can only be gained bySaved by faith
Which of these are not correctly matched?Balboa discovered Indian Oceans
What's a key advantage that western Europeans had over Aryans and Chinese as they sailed in their territory?Cannons
Convertible husbandry developed new miracle styles into Europe where women can get divorcedFalse
Which of these best describes the early humanists?*something* literature

Section 6

Question Answer
Working at the library *something* synthesis *something*Fichino
Which country was the first to discover and all water route to India?Portugal
How did the move to capitalist agriculture influence the lives of peasants?Raised rents beyond their resources
Who gets credit for the first navigation of the globe?Magellum
Who conquered the Aztecs?Cortez

Section 7

Question Answer
The document in which the *something* Constantine *something* proved was a forgeryLorenzo valla
What's the term that referred to inflation in the 16th century?Price revolution
Who was commissioned to paint the ceiling of hte sistine chapel?Michaelangelo
Which one of these was NOT a characteristic of the Italian renaissance?*Some shit about ninja turtles*
Which one of these greatly aided the spread of renaissance across Europe?Printing Press

Section 8

Question Answer
Term for French Protestant minority movementHuguenots
Former soldier created new religious movement.... jesuit...Ignacius laolla
Who wrote the prince?machiavelli
Who's considered the father of humanism?Petrarch
What's the term the catholic church had for "surplused grace" that you buy?Indulgences
Largest group in radical reformationAnabaptists

Section 9

Question Answer
banking family, political dynasty and later royal house that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici in the Republic of Florence during the late 14th centuryHouse of Medici
Italian painter and architect from Florence in the late Middle Ages, regarded to be one of the greatest painters, artists and architects of all timeGiotto
Italian architect and engineer, regarded to be the most inventive and gifted artist and designer of all timeBrunelleschi
Treaty between Charles V and the forces of the Schmalkaldic League. It officially ended the religious struggle between the two groups and made the legal division of Christendom permanent within the Holy Roman Empire.Peace of Augsburg
leader of the Reformation in SwitzerlandZwingli

Section 10

Question Answer
granted the Calvinist Protestants of France (also known as Huguenots) substantial rights in a nation still considered essentially CatholicEdict of Nantes
period of Catholic revival beginning with the Council of Trent and ending at the close of the Thirty Years' WarCounter Reformation
Prompted by the Protestant Reformation, it has been described as the embodiment of the Counter-ReformationCouncil of Trent
Important figure in 15th-century Portuguese politics and in the early days of the Portuguese EmpireHenry The Navigator
nobleman of the Portuguese royal household, was a Portuguese explorerDias

Section 11

Question Answer
first European to reach India by sea, linking Europe and Asia for the first time by ocean route, as well as the Atlantic and the Indian oceans entirely and definitively, and in this way, the West and the OrientVasco da Gama
Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incan EmpireFrancisco Pizarro
each manor or village had two or three large fields, usually several hundred acres each, which were divided into many narrow strips of land. The strips or selions were cultivated by individuals or peasant familiesOpen field system
process which ends traditional rights such as mowing meadows for hay, or grazing livestock on common land formerly held in the open field systemEnclosure
where one party buys the right to occupy land or a building for a given length of timeLeasehold

Section 12

Question Answer
work is contracted by a central agent to subcontractors who complete the work in off-site facilitiesPutting Out System
earliest phase in the development of capitalism as an economic and social systemMerchant Capitalism
promoted governmental regulation of a nation's economy for the purpose of augmenting state power at the expense of rival national powersMercantilism

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