West Africa - Kelly Elementary

rihulago's version from 2016-01-07 23:44

Section 1

Question Answer
What are rifts? Long, deep valleys formed by the movement of the earth's crust.
1. What are West Africa’s four climate and vegetation regions?_______________________The Sahara (or desert), Sahel (or semi-arid), savannah, rain forests
What were two of early West Africa’s important mineral resources? Salt and gold
What is an extended family?Father, mother, child, and close relatives under one roof.
What is animism?The belief that bodies of water, animals, trees, and other natural objects have spirits.
What trade goods were a source of West Africa's wealth?Gold, salt, cloth, copper, silver, slaves
What animal made trade across the Sahara easier? The camel
What is a process in which people exchange goods without ever contacting each other directly?Silent barter
Who was Tunka Manin?He was the king of Ghana when Muslim riders visited the kingdom.
How did overgrazing help cause the fall of Ghana?Overgrazing left the land worthless for farming which meant no food.

Section 2

Question Answer
Mali’s location along the Niger River allowed its people to control what?Trade
Mali’s rise to power began under a ruler named what?Sundiata
Who became the ruler of Songhai in 1464?Sunni Ali
What religion did the Songhai practice?Islam
What was the city of Timbuktu known for?Universities, libraries, and mosques
What medical breakthrough did doctors in Djenne discover?Mosquitoes spread malaria.
What was the early form of the gun called?The arquebus
Moroccan troops invaded Songhai because they wanted to gain control of what?The salt mines
What is oral history?Spoken record of the past
What were West African storytellers called?Griots
What are short sayings of wisdom or truth?Proverbs
An epic poem, the Dausi tells the story of what?Ghana
Name one of the scholars who wrote about West Africa:Leo Africanus, al-Bakri, Battutah, al-Masudi

Section 3

Question Answer
Why were the written histories of West Africa written by people from other lands?The West Africans never came up with a form of writing.
Why might an oral history provide different information than written history?Oral histories are spoken and the speaker might forget parts or add to it.
What is kente?Hand-woven, brightly colored, cloth
Name two forms of visual art popular in West Africa:Dancing, painting, sculptures, masks, cloth,