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Volcano Earthquake Study Set

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pirogemo's version from 2017-05-17 01:09

Section 1

Question Answer
Which seismic wave is a compression or push-pull wave?P-wave
What type of seismic wave travels only on the Earth's surface?L-wave
Which wave travels in a side to side or shear wave?S-wave
Which seismic wave arrives first?P-wave
What type of volcano is formed from explosive eruptions?cindercone
Convergent boundaries are more likely to have what types of earthquakes?strong and deep
Divergent boundaries are more likely to have what type of earthquakes?shallow and deep
What type of volcano is formed from both calm and explosive eruptions?composite
What is the opening of a volcano called where lava comes out?vent
What is hot molten rock below the Earth's crust called?magma
The place below the crust where an earthquake begins is called thefocus
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
The location on the surface of the earth where an earthquake begins is called theepicenter
A crack in the Earth's crust where the earth shifts is called afault
What is hot melted rock that breaks through the crust called?lava
To determine the location of an earthquake you need how many seismograph locations?3
The Hawaiian Islands form in the ocean as a result of ____________ on the ocean floorhot spots
The location around the Pacific Ocean where plates collide and many volcanoes and earthquakes occur is called theRing of Fire
At a convergent plate boundary you would most likely find this type of fault where the hanging wall is pushed up.reverse fault
At a divergent boundary you would most likely find this type of fault, the hanging wall slides downnormal fault
At a transform boundary you would most likely find this type of faultstrike-slip fault
True or False. P-waves always arrive faster than S-waves.True
True or False. L-waves show up first on the seismograph.False
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
True or False. P-waves make up the largest marks on the seismogram.False
Which seismic wave makes the largest marks on a seismogram?S-waves
True or False. The difference between the P and S wave on the seismograph tells you the distance of the epicenter.True
True or False. Three locations are needed to locate the epicenter of an earthquake.True
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