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Viral Genomes and Facts

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xusipude's version from 2016-10-14 19:51

Virus Envelopes and Genomes, Capsids

Question Answer
Envelope - HerpesvirusYes
Genome- HerpesvirusDS DNA, linear
Envelope - HepadnavirusYes
Genome - HepadnavirusPartially DS DNA, Circular
Envelope - AdenovirusNo
Genome - AdenovirusDS DNA, Linear
Envelope - ParvovirusNo
Genome - ParvovirusSS (-) linear DNA
Smallest DNA VirusParvovirus
Envelope - PapillomavirusNo
Genome - PapillomavirusDS DNA, circular
Envelope - PolyomavirusNo
Genome - PolyomavirusDS DNA, circular
Envelope - PoxvirusYes
Genome - PoxvirusDS DNA, linear
Envelope - ReovirusNo
Envelope - PicornavirusNo
Envelope - HepevirusNo
Envelope - CalicivirusNo
Envelope - FlavivirusYes
Envelope - TogavirusYes
Envelope - RetrovirusYes
Envelope - CoronavirusYes
Envelope - OrthomyxovirusYes
Envelope - ParamyxovirusYes
Envelope - RhabdovirusYes
Envelope - FilovirusYes
Envelope - ArenavirusYes
Envelope - BunyavirusYes
Envelope - Delta virusYes
Genome - ReovirusDS, linear RNA - 10-12 segments
Genome - PicornavirusSS (+) linear RNA
Genome - HepevirusSS (+) linear RNA
Genome - CalicivirusSS (+) linear RNA
Genome - FlavivirusSS (+) linear RNA
Genome - TogavirusSS (+) linear RNA
Genome - RetrovirusSS (+) linear RNA
Genome - CoronavirusSS (+) linear RNA
Genome - OrthomyxovirusSS (-) linear RNA - 8 segments
Genome - ParamyxovirusSS (-) linear RNA, non-segmented
Genome - RhabdovirusSS (-) linear RNA
Genome - FilovirusSS (-) linear RNA
Genome - ArenavirusSS (-) circular RNA, 2 segments
Genome - BunyavirusSS (-) circular RNA, 3 segments
Genome - Delta virusSS (-) circular RNA
Capsid - ReovirusIcosahedral (double)
Capsid - PicornavirusIcosahedral
Capsid - HepevirusIcosahedral
Capsid - CalicivirusIcosahedral
Capsid - FlavivirusIcosahedral
Capsid - TogavirusIcosahedral
Capsid - RetrovirusIcosahedral (HTLV) or complex and conical (HIV)
Capsid - CoronavirusHelical
Capsid - OrthomyxovirusHelical
Capsid - ParamyxovirusHelical
Capsid - RhabdovirusHelical
Capsid - FilovirusHelical
Capsid - ArenavirusHelical
Capsid - BunyavirusHelical
Capsid - Delta virusUncertain
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Medical Importance of Viruses

 

Question Answer
Colorado tick fever, Rotavirus (#1 fatal diarrhea in children)Reovirus
Poliovirus, Echovirus (aseptic meningitis), Rhinovirus (common cold), Coxsackievirus, Hepatitis APicornavirus (Mnemonic - PEARCH)
Hepatitis EHepevirus
Norovirus - viral gastroenteritisCalicivirus
Hepatitis C, Yellow Fever, Dengue, St. Louis encephalitis, West Nile VirusFlavivirus
Rubella, Eastern and Western equine encephalitisTogavirus
T-cell leukemia, AIDSRetrovirus
Common Cold and SARSCoronavirus
InfluenzaOrthomyxovirus
Croup (parainfluenza), Bronchiolitis in babies (RSV), Measles, MumpsParamyxovirus
RabiesRhabdovirus
Ebola/Marburg hemorrhagic feverFilovirus
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV), Lassa fever encephalitisArenavirus
California encephalitis, Sandfly/Rift Valley fevers, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagec fever, Hemorrhagic Fever/Pneumonia (hantavirus)Bunyavirus
Hepatitis DDelta virus
Oral > genital lesions, spontaneous temporal lobe encephalitis, keratoconjunctivitisHSV-1
Genital > oral lesionsHSV-2
Chickenpox, ZosterVZV (HHV-3)
Mononucleosis, Burkitt lymphoma, Hodgkin LymphomaEBV (HHV-4)
AIDS Retinitis and other immunosuppressed infections, congenital defectsCMV (HHV-5)
RoseolaHHV-6 >> HHV-7
Kaposi SarcomaHHV-8
Hepatitis BHepadnavirus
Febrile pharyngitis, acute hemorrhagic cystitis, pneumonia, conjunctivitisAdenovirus
Aplastic Anemia, Erythema infectiosum, Hydrops Fetalis, Arthritis, RBC AplasiaParvovirus (B19)
Condyloma acuminatumHPV 6, 11 (papillomavirus)
CIN and Cervical CancerHPV 16, 18 > 31, 33 (papillomavirus)
Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy in AIDSJC Virus (polyomavirus)
Kidney infection in transplant patientsBK Virus (polyomavirus)
Smallpox, Cowpox, Molloscum ContagiosumPoxvirus
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