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vanya's version from 2019-03-20 12:40

Article Importance

Question Answer
Article 12 –35 Specify the Fundamental Rights available
Article 36-51 Specify the Directive Principles of state policy
Article 51A Specifies the Fundamental Duties of every citizen
Article 80 Specifies the number of seats for the Rajya Sabha
Article 81 Specifies the number of seats for the Lok Sabha
Article 343 Hindi as official language
Article 356 Imposition of President’s Rule in states
Article 368 Amendment to the Constitution
Article 370 Special status to Kashmir
Article 395 Repeals India Independence Act and Government of India Act, 1935
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Question Answer
A question relating to a matter of public importance of an urgent character asked with notice shorter than ten clear days Short Notice Question
A question to which a member wishes to have an oral answer on the floor of the House and which is distinguished by an asterisk. Starred Question
A question placed on the List of Questions for written answer. The written answer to such a question is deemed to have been laid on the Table at the end of the Question Hour. Unstarred Question
Motion for the adjournment of the debate on Bills, motions or resolutions etc. or motion to retard or to delay the progress of a business under consideration of the House. Dilatory Motion
A formal motion moved in the House expressing its gratitude for the Address delivered by the President under article 87(1) of the Constitution to both Houses of Parliament assembled together. Motion of Thanks
A self-contained independent proposal submitted for the approval of the House and drafted in such a way as to be capable of expressing a decision of the House, e.g., a Resolutions Substantive Motion
Motions moved in substitution of the original motion for taking into consideration a policy or situation or statement or any other matter. Substitute Motion
A formal proposal by a member that the House do something, order something to be done or express an opinion with regard to some matter. When adopted it expresses the judgement or will of the House. Motion
Annual Financial statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure of the Government of India for a financial year Budget
The estimate of expenditure in respect of a Ministry/Department not charged upon the Consolidated Fund of India, placed for approval before the House on the recommendations of the President Demand for Grant
A Bill ordinarily introduced each year to give effect to the financial proposals of the Government for the following financial year Finance Bill
A bill containing only provisions dealing with all or any of the matters specified in sub-clauses (a) to (g) of Clause (1) of Articel 110 of the Constitution. (Such a bill cannot be introduced without the recommendation of the President and it also cannot be introduced in the Rajya Sabha Money Bill
A Bill passed annually (or at various times of the year) providing for the withdrawal or appropriation from and out of the Consolidated Fund of India of moneys by Lok Sabha and moneys charged on the Consolidated Fund for the services of a financial year or a part thereof. Appropriation Bill
A motion for reduction of a demand for grant by or to a specified amount Cut motion
Cut motion can be of three types - Disapproval of policy cut, Economy cut and Token cut
A grant made by Lok Sabha in advance in respect of the estimated expenditure of the Government of India for a part of a financial year pending the voting of Demands for Grants for the financial year. A Motion for Vote on Account is dealt with in the same way as if it were a demand for grant. Vote on Account
The draft of a legislative proposal Bill
Bill passed by both the Houses of Parliament and assented to by the President Act
A member of the House of the People (Lok Sabha) Member
A member other than a Minister Private Member
Termination of a sitting of a House without any definite date being fixed for the next sitting Adjournment sine die
The termination of a session of the House by an order made by the President under article 85(2) (a) of the Constitution. Prorogation
The first hour of a sitting of the House normally allotted for asking and answering of questions Question Hour
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Question Answer
A self-contained independent proposal submitted for the approval of the House and drafted in such a way as to be capable of expressing a decision of the House. Resolution
The vote cast by the Speaker or the Chairman in the case of an equality of votes on a matter Casting vote
Deletion of words, phrases of expression for the proceedings or records of the House (for being defamatory or indecent or unparliamentary or undignified) Expunction
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Question Answer
7 1956 Reorganisation of states on linguistic basis and abolition of Class A, B, C and D states and introduction of Union Territories.
9 1960 Adjustments to Indian territory as a result of agreement with Paksitan.
10 1961 Dadra, Nagar and Haveli included in Indian Union as a Union Territory on acquisition from Portugal.
12 1961 Goa, Daman and Diu included in Indian Union as a Union Territory on acquisition from Portugal.
13 1963 The state of Nagaland formed with special protection under Article 371A.
14 1962 Pondicherry incorporated into Indian Union after transfer by France.
21 1967 Sindhi added as language in the 8th schedule.
26 1971 Privy purse paid to former rulers of princely states abolished.
36 1975 Sikkim included as an Indian state.
42 1976 Fundamental Duties prescribed, India became Socialist Secular Republic.
44 1978 Right to Property deleted from the list of fundamental rights.
52 1985 Defection to another party after election made illegal.
61 1989 Voting age reduced from 21 to 18.
71 1992 Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali added as languages in the Eighth Schedule.
73 1993 Introduction of Panchayati Raj, addition of Part IX to the Constitution.
74 1993 Introduction of Municipalities.
86 2002 Free and compulsory education to children between 6 and 14 years.
92 2003 Bodo, Dogri, Santhali and Maithli added to the list of recognised languages.
8,23,45,62, 79 and 95 1960, 1970, 1980, 1989, 2000 and 2010 Extension of reservation of seats for SC/ST and nomination of Anglo-Indian members in Parliament and State Assemblies.
96 2011 Substituted Odia for Oriya in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution
97 2012 Introduction of Part IXB in the Constitution pertaining to Co-operative Societies
101 2016 Introduction of Goods and Services Tax (GST)
102 2018 Establishment of National Commission for Backward Classes
103 2019 Reservation for economically weaker sections of the society
The 42nd amendment was the most comprehensive amendment which had 59 clauses and carried out so many changes that it has been described as a "Mini Constitution".
The 52nd amendment was the only amendment to be unanimously adopted by the Parliament.
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Appointment Submits Resignation to
Question Answer
1.President Vice President
2.Vice President President
3.Prime Minister President
4.Judge of Supreme Court President
5.Governor President
6.Judge of High Court President
7.Speaker of Lok Sabha Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha
8.Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha Speaker of Lok Sabha
9.Deputy Chairman of Council of States Chairman
10.Member of house of Parliament Chairman of upper house or the Speaker of Lower House.
11.Speaker of Assembly Deputy Speaker of Assembly
12.Deputy Speaker of Assembly Speaker of Assembly
13.Chairman of Legislative Council of States Deputy Chairman
14.Deputy Chairman of Legislative Council of States Chairman
15.A member of Public Service Commission (Union Commission or Joint Commission) President
16.A member of Public Service Commission (State Commission) Governor of the State
President Chief Justice of India or in his absence the seniormost Judge of Supreme Court.
2.Vice President President or some person appointed in that behalf by the President.
3.Judge of Supreme Court President or some person appointed in that behalf by the President.
4.Governor Chief Justice of High Court or in his absence senior most Judge of that court.
5.Minister in Union Council of Ministers President
6.Comptroller & Auditor General President or some person appointed in that behalf by the President.
7.Member of Parliament President or some person appointed in that behalf by the President.
8.Member of Legislature of State Governor or some person appointed in that behalf by the Governor.
9.Minister in State Council of Ministers Governor
10Judge of High Court Governor or some person appointed by in that behalf by him
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Question Answer
Maximum interval between two sessions of Parliament/State Assembly Six months
Maximum life of Presidential Ordinance Six months + Six weeks*
Maximum period within which an election is to be held to fill a vacancy created by the death, resignation or removal, or otherwise of a President Six months
Maximum duration for which President’s rule can be imposed in a state Six months extendable upto a maximum of three years
Time after which money bill passed by Lok Sabha is deemed to have been passed by Rajya Sabha when no action is taken by it 14 days
Maximum duration for which a President/Vice-President/Governor may hold his office from the date on which he enters his office 5 years
Maximum duration for which a Lok Sabha/State Legislature may function from the date appointed for its first meeting5 years
Maximum period for which the term of a Lok Sabha/State Legislature may be extended while a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation 1 year at a time
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Where the term of a Lok Sabha/State Legislature has been extended while a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, the maximum period for which he Lok Sabha/State Legislature may continue to function after the Proclamation of Emergency has ceased to operate Six months
Question Answer
Maximum duration for which a Union Minister/State Minister may hold his office without being a member of either of the houses of the Parliament/State Legislature Six months
Maximum duration for which a member of either House of Parliament may be absent without permission, before his seat is declared is vacant 60 days
Maximum period within which a person who is arrested and detained in custody shall be produced before the nearest magistrate 24 hours
Maximum duration for which a Panchayat/Municipality shall function from the date appointed for its first meeting 5 years
Maximum duration for which a member of a Union Commission may hold his office subject to his not attaining the age of sixty-five years 6 years
Maximum duration for which a member of a State Commission may hold his office subject to his not attaining the age of sixty-two years 6 years
Time within which a candidate elected from more than one seat in Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha or either House of the Legislature of a State must resign from all but one of such seats 10 days
* months being the maximum interval between two sessions of the Parliament and six weeks being the time allowed for the Parliament to approve/disapprove the ordinance after its reassembly. six
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Question Answer Column 3
Minimum age for election to the post of President 35 years Article 58 (1) (b)
Minimum age for election to the post of Vice-President 35 years Article 66 (3)(b)
Minimum age for election to the post of Governor 35 years Article 157
Minimum age for election as MP (Lok Sabha) 25 years Article 84(b)
Minimum age for election as MLA 25 years Article 173(b)
Minimum age for election as MP (Rajya Sabha) 30 years Article 84(b)
Minimum age for election as MLC 30 years Article 173(b)
Upper age limit for appointment as a judge of Supreme Court 65 years 124(2)
Upper age limit for appointment as a member of a Union Commission 65 years 316(2)
Upper age limit for appointment as a judge of High court 62 years Article 217(1)
Upper age limit for appointment as a member of State Commission 62 years 316(2)
Minimum age for election as a member of a Panchayat 21 years 243F (1)(a)
Minimum age for election as a member of a Municipality 21 years 243V (1)(a)
Minimum age limit for employment in a factory 14 years Article 24
Minimum age for registration as a voter 18 years Article 326
Age between which education has been made a fundamental right 6 to 14 years Article 21A
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Child/Minor Act Definition

Question Answer Column 3
Minor Indian Penal Code, 1860 A male below sixteen years of age and a female below eighteen years of age for the purpose of section 363A.
Child and Juvenile Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 A person who has not completed eighteen years of age.
Child Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929 A person who, if a male, has not completed twenty one years of age, and if a female, has not completed eighteen years of age.
Child Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 A person who has not completed fourteenth year of age.
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Railway Rules 60 years for men and 58 years for women
Question Answer Column 3
The Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007 60 years
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Question Answer Column 3
Part I The Union and its territory Art. 1 to 4
Part II Citizenship Art. 5 to 11
Part III Fundamental Rights Art. 12 to 35
Part IV Directive Principles Art. 36 to 51
Part IVA Fundamental Duties Art. 51A
Part V The Union Art. 52 to 151
Part VI The States Art. 152 to 237
Part VII Repealed by Const. (7th Amendment) Act, 1956
Part VIII The Union Territories Art. 239 to 242
Part IX The Panchayats Art. 243 to 243O
Part IXA The Muncipalities Art. 243P to 243ZG
Part IXB The Co-operative Societies Art. 243ZH to 243ZT
Part X The Scheduled and Tribal Areas Art. 244 to 244A
Part XI Relations between the Union and the States Art. 245 to 263
Part XII Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits Art. 264 to 300A
Part XIII Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the Territory of India Art. 301 to 307
Part XIV Services under the Union and the States Art. 308 to 323
Part XIVA Tribunals Art. 323A to 323B
Part XV Elections Art. 324 to 329A
Part XVI Special provisions relating to certain classes Art. 330 to 342
Part XVII Official Language Art. 343 to 351
Part XVIII Emergency Provisions Art. 352 to 360
Part XIX Miscellaneous Art. 361 to 367
Part XX Amendment of the Constitution Art. 368
Part XXI Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions Art. 369 to 392
Part XXII Short title, commencement, authoritative text in Hindi and repeals Art. 393 to 395
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