Vijayanagar Empire

santhoshv339's version from 2017-02-07 16:37

Vijayanagar Empire and Bahmani Kingdom

Question Answer
Which four dynasties ruled Vijayanagar from A.D. 1336 to 1672 ? Sangama, Saluva, Tuluva and Aravidu
Which Moroccan traveler visited Vijayanagar ?Ibn Battuta
Which Venetian traveler visited Vijayanagar ? Nicolo de Conti
Which Persian traveler visited Vijayanagar ?Abdur Razzak
Which Portuguese traveler visited Vijayanagar ?Domingo Paes
Where are the copper plates of Devaraya II present and what do they say ?Srirangam, genealogy and achievements of Vijayanagar rulers


Question Answer
Who founded Vijayanagar empire and when ?1336 by Harihara and Bukka of the Sangama dynasty
Tuluva dynasty was founded by ?Vira Narasimha
Krishnadevaraya defeated Deccan Sultanate in battle of ?Diwani
Rule of Krishnadevaraya (Years)1509 – 1530
Krishnadevaraya captured Raichur from ? Sultan of Bijapur, Ismail Adil Shah
How did Krishnadevaraya capture Telungana ? By defeating Gajapathi ruler Prataparudra
Which Portuguese king sent ambassador to Vijayanagar ?Albuquerque
Religion inclination of Krishnadevaraya ?Vaishnavite but respected all
Krishnadevaraya was also called ?Andhra Bhoja (Patron of Art and Literature)
How were the Eight eminent scholars present in Krishnadevaraya's court called ?Ashtadiggajas
Allasani Peddanna present in the court of Krishnadevaraya was also called ?Andhrakavita Pitamaga
What were the two temples built by Krishnadevaraya at Vijayanagar ?Vittalaswamy and Hazara Ramaswamy temples
What was the name of the city built by Krishnadevaraya in new city in memory of his queen Nagaladevi called ?Nagalapuram
How was Rama Raya defeated ?combined forces of Bijapur, Ahmadnagar, Golkonda and Bidar defeated him at the Battle of Talaikotta in 1565 , battle is also known as Raksasa Thangadi
Who was the last ruler of Vijayanagar kingdom ?Sri Ranga III


Question Answer
Who enjoyed absolute authority in executive, judicial and legislative matters and also the highest court of appeal ?king
The succession to the throne was on the principle of ?hereditary
The Empire was divided in to ?Mandalams
Mandalams were divided into ?Nadus
Nadus were divided in to ?Sthalas
Sthalas were divided in to ?Gramas
What were the sources of income to the government ?Besides land revenue, tributes and gifts from vassals and feudal chiefs, customs collected at the ports, taxes on various professions
Land revenue was fixed generally as ?one sixth of the produce
What were the expenditure of the government ? personal expenses of king , the charities given by him and military expenditure
What was the nature of punishments given during the time ?harsh punishments such as mutilation and throwing to elephants
The Vijayanagar army consisted of ?cavalry, infantry, artillery and elephants with High-breed horses were procured from foreign trader
The top-grade officers of the army were known as ?Nayaks or Poligars
How were Nayaks and Poligars paid ?They were granted land in lieu of their services
What was the land paid to Nayaks or Poligars called ?amaram
Soldiers were usually paid in ?cash

Social Life

Question Answer
What does Allasani Peddanna in his Manucharitam say about caste ?existence of four castes – Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas and Sudras
Was slavery present ? Nicolo Conti refers to the prevalence of slavery
Was devadasi system present ?Yes (Paes)
Was polygamy present ?Yes in Royal families
Was Sati Present ? Sati was honoured and Nuniz gives a description of it
Who were Hannamma and Thirumalamma ?Women poets of the period
What was the position of women ?According to Nuniz, a large number of women were employed in royal palaces as dancers, domestic servants and palanquin bearers (So some position changed and did not change as well)
Religious freedomBorbosa referred to the religious freedom enjoyed by everyone - Muslims were employed in the administration and they were freely allowed to build mosques and worship
Which was the dominant religious philosophy ?Sangama rulers were chiefly Saivaites and Virupaksha was their family deity. But other dynasties were Vaishnavites. Srivaishnavism of Ramanuja was popular

Economic condition

Question Answer
Irrigation facilitiesNew tanks were built and dams were constructed across the rivers like Tunghabadra - Nuni refers to the excavation of canals
Were guilds present ?Yes
Diamond mines were located in ?Kurnool and Anantapur districts
The The chief gold coin was called ?Varaha but weights and measures varied from place to place
Which was the chief seaport on the Malabar coast ?Cannanore

Cultural Contributions

Question Answer
What was the main feature of Vijayanagar temples ?construction of tall Raya Gopurams or gateways and the Kalyanamandapam with carved pillars in the temple premises
What were the two temples at kanchipuram ?Varadharaja and Ekamparanatha
What are the places in Tamil Nadu were Raya Gopurams built by Vijayanagar kings be found ?Thiruvannamalai and Chidambaram
Where are the the metal images of Krishna Deva Raya and his queens found ?Tirupati
What languages flourished during Vijayanagar period ? Sanskrit, Telugu, Kannada and Tamil

Bahmani Kingdom

Question Answer
Who was the founder of the Bahmani kingdom ?Alauddin Bahman Shah also known as Hasan Gangu in 1347
What was the capital of Bahmani kingdom ?Gulbarga
Where did Ahmad Wali Shah shift capital ?From Gulbarga to Bidar
The Bahmani kingdom reached its peak during the time of ?Muhammad Shah III (Arabian sea to the Bay of Bengal -west - from Goa to Bombay - east - Kakinada to mouth of Krishna river)
The success of Muhammad Shah can be attributed to ?advice and services of his minister Mahmud Gawan
Who was Mahmud Gawan ?Persian merchant
Who supported college at Bidar ?Mahmud Gawan
By the year 1526, the Bahmani kingdom had disintegrated into five independent sultanates which were ? Ahmadnagar, Bijapur, Berar, Golkonda and Bidar and known as Deccan Sultanates
How was Mahmud Gawan executed ?plot by Deccani nobles - sultan himself ordered execution (Allowances were reduced to the nobles who shirked their responsibility)


Question Answer
KrishnadevarayaAmukthamalyada(Telugu),Jambavati Kalyanam(Sanskrit) and Ushaparinayam (Sanskrit)
Gangadevi wife of KumarakampanaMaduravijayam
Allasani PeddannaManucharitam and Harikathasaram (Telugu scholar)