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Vertebral Column

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nocowuyo's version from 2015-10-14 00:00

A typical thoracic vertebra, viewed from above.

ABGCFED
Question Answer
ABody
BPedicle
CLamina
DSpinous process
ETransverse process
FTransverse costal facet
GSuperior articular facet
B+CArch
H Vertebral foramen
memorize

A thoracic vertebra. Lateral view.

ADCEB
Question Answer
ASuperior articular facet
BInferior articular facet
CIntervertebral foramen
DSuperior costal facet
EInferior costal facet
memorize

First cervical vertebra, or atlas.

AGDEFCHB
Question Answer
AAnterior arch
BPosterior arch
CLateral mass
DSuperiour articular facet with the occipital bone
ETransverse process
FTransverse foramen
GOdontoid process or Dens of axis
HTransverse ligament of atlas
memorize

Second cervical vertebra, or epistropheus, from above.

BDAFEC
Question Answer
ABody
BDens or odontoid process
CSpinous process
DSuperior articular surface
ETransverse process
FTransverse foramen
memorize

Median sagittal section of two lumbar vertebræ and their ligaments.

CDFGEBA
Question Answer
AAnnulus fibrosis of intervertebral disc
BNucleus polyposus of intervertebral disc
CAnterior longitudinal ligament
DLigamentum flavum
EInterspinous ligament
FSupraspinous ligament
GPosterior longitudinal ligament
memorize

Median sagittal section through the occipital bone and first three cervical vertebræ.

CABDE
Question Answer
ATectorial ligament
BTransverse ligament
CApical ligament
DAnterior atlanto-axial ligament
EPosterior atlanto-axial ligament
memorize

Image copyright

These faithful reproduction of a lithograph plate from Gray's Anatomy, two-dimensional works of art, are not copyrightable in the U.S. as per Bridgeman Art Library v. Corel Corp.; the same is also true in many other countries, including Germany. Unless stated otherwise, it is from the 20th U.S. edition of Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body, originally published in 1918 and therefore lapsed into the public domain.