Vcc & inv & fathr & vitamins & minerals

anandeng's version from 2018-08-05 19:42


Name of inventions/discoveries Discoverers & Inventors

Question Answer
Systemic circulation of blood William Harvey
Observation of microorganisms Antony van Leeuwenhoek
Sex hormones Eugen Stainak
Simple microscope Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Stethoscope René Laennec
First test tube baby Robert Edward and Patrick Steptoe
Vaccination Edward Jenner
Vitamin Casimir Funk
CT scan Godfrey Hounsfield & Allan Cormack
DNA Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins
DNA Structure James Watson and Francis Crick
DNA Fingerprinting Alec Jeffreys
Electrocardiogram (ECG) Willem Einthoven
5 kingdom classification R. H. Whittaker
Genetic codeMarshall Nirenberg and Heinrich J. Matthaei
Genetic drift Sewall Wright
Father of heart transplantation Norman Shumway
Heart transplantation first performed Christiaan Barnard
Hormone William Bayliss
Insulin Frederick Banting and Charles H. Best
Malaria Parasite Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Damadian
Open heart surgery Dr. Daniel Hale Williams. And Dr. Daniel Williams
Penicillin Alexander Fleming
Polio vaccine Jonas Salk and a team
Rh factor in human blood Dr. Alexander S. Wiener and Karl Landsteiner
Cancer Hippocrates
Blood group (ABO group) Karl Landsteiner
Binomial nomenclature Carl Linnaeus
Bacteria (& protozoa) Van Leeuwenhoek
Aspirin Felix Hoffmann at Bayer in Germany
Jarvik-7 (first artificial heart) Willem Johan Kolff and Robert Jarvik
Anthrax vaccine Pasteur
Amoeba August Johann Rösel von Rosenhof
Oxygen in respiration and photosynthesis Joseph Priestley, Antoine Lavoisier and Jan Ingenhousz
Animal electricity Luigi Galvani
Cell Robert Hooke
Cell Theory Schleiden and Schwann
Mutations Thomas Hunt Morgan and Lilian Vaughan Morgan
Virus Dmitri Ivanovsky & Martinus Beijerinck
Small Pox Edward Jenner England
Cholera & Rabies Vaccine Louis Pasteur France
Diphtheria and Tetanus Email Adolf Von Behring and Shibasaburo Kitasato Germany/Japan
Rubella virus rubella and CRS Germany
TB Vaccine Albert Calmette and Camille Guerin France
Polio Vaccine Jones E. Salk US
Rotavirus Rotarix by GlaxoSmithKline
Oral Polio Vaccine Albert Bruce Sabin US
Measles Vaccine John F. Enders, Thomas peeble US
Typhus Vaccine Charles Nicolle France

Section 2

Invention Inventor
Question Answer
1 Age of the Earth C.C. Patterson
2 Airplane Wright Brothers (Orville and Wilbur)
3 Analytical Engine Thomas Edison
4 Apple Computers Steve Jobs
5 Atomic Number Mosley
6 Automobile Ferdinand Verbiest
7 Barometer Evangelista Torricelli
8 Battery Alessandro Volta
9 Blood Groups Karl Landsteiner
10 Bohr Electron Theory
11 Boyle Boyle’s Law
12 Camera Steven Sasson
13 Celluloid Alexander Parkes
14 Cinematography Edison
15 Computer Architecture John Von Neumann
16 Cosmic Rays R.A. Millikan
17 Dalton Atomic Theory
18 Diesel Engine Rudolf Diesel
19 Dynamite Alfred Nobel
20 Electric Light Bulb Thomas Edison
21 Electricity Benjamin Franklin
22 Electromagnetic Field James Clerk Maxwell
23 Electromagnetic Theory Heinrich Hertz
24 Electron J.J. Thomson
25 Email Shiva Ayyadurai
26 Facebook Mark Zuckerberg
27 First Computer John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert
28 Fuel Cell William Robert Glove
29 Geometry Euclid
30 Google Larry Page
31 Guitar Adolph Rickenbacker
32 Helicopter Broquet
33 Heliocentric Model Nicolaus Copernicus
34 Heliocentrism Aristarchus of Samos
35 Hydrogen Bomb Edward Teller
36 Insulin Frederick Banting
37 Internet Vint Cerf
38 IP Address Robert E. Kahn
39 Laser Printer Gary Starkweather
40 Law of Conservation of Mass Antoine Lavoisier
41 Law of Gases Gay Lussac
42 Law of Motion & Gravitation Newton
43 Laws of Electrical Resistance Ohm
44 Lift Otis
45 Light Emission Diode Nick Holonyak and Oleg Losev
46 Logarithms John Napier
47 Magnetic Tape Fritz Pfluemer
48 Micro Processor Federico Faggin
49 Micro Scope Zacharias Janssen
50 Microsoft Bill Gates and Paul Allen
51 Microwave Oven Percy Spencer
52 Mobile Phone Martin Cooper
53 Motion of Planets Johannes Kepler
54 Mozilla Dave Hyatt and Blake Ross
55 Newtons Law of Motion Galileo Galilei and Isaac Newton
56 Nuclear Reactor Enrico Fermi
57 Penicillin Sir Alexander Fleming
58 Periodic law Mendeleef
59 Periodic Table Dmitri Mendeleev
60 Photon Albert Einstein
61 Principle of relativity Galileo Galilei
62 Printing Press Johannes Gutenberg
63 Quantum Mechanics Max Born
64 Quantum Theory Max Plank, Niels Bohr, Albert Einstein
65 Radio Marconi
66 Radium Marie Curie
67 Raman Effect Sir C.V. Raman
68 Steam Engine James Watt
69 Stethoscope Rane Laennec
70 Structure of Atom Ernest Rutherford
71 Telegraph Pavel Schilling
72 Telephone Alexander Graham Bell
73 Telescope Galileo
74 Television J.L. Baird
75 Theory of Atom John Dalton
76 Theory of Evolution Charles Darwin
77 Theory of Relativity Albert Einstein
78 Thermo Flask Dewar
79 Thermometer Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
80 Transformer Otto Blathy
81 Transformer and Electric Motor Michael Faraday
82 Twitter Evan Williams, Jack Dorsey, and Biz Stone
83 Venn Diagram John Venn
84 Video Games Ralph H. Baer
85 Vierner Scale Pierre Vernier
86 World Wide Web (WWW) Sir Tim Berners- Lee
87 X-rays Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen



Question Answer
Father of Microscopy Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek
Father of Western Medicine Hippocrates
Father of Internet Vint Cerf
Father of the American Constitution James Madison
Father of the Indian Constitution Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
Father of Humanism Francesco Petrarca
Father of Geometry Euclid of Alexandria
Father of New France Samuel de Champlain
Father of Genetics Gregor Mendel
Father of the Green Revolution Norman Ernest Borlaug
Father of the Green Revolution in India M.S Swaminathan
Father of Biology Aristotle
Father of Evolution Charles Darwin
Father of Microbiology Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Father of Nuclear Chemistry Otto Hahn
Father of Periodic Table Dmitri Mendeleev
Father of modern Medicine Hippocrates
Father of Modern Physics Galileo Galilei
Father of Modern Astronomy Nicolaus Copernicus
Father of Nuclear Physics Ernest Rutherford
Father of Nuclear Science Marie Curie and Pierre Curie
Father of American Football Walter Camp
Father of Walter Camp Geoffrey Chaucer
Father of modern Olympic Pierre De Coubertin
Father of Numbers Pythagoras
Father of Botany Theophrastus
Father of Electricity Benjamin Franklin
Father of Electronics Michael Faraday
Father of Television Vladimir K. Zworykin
Father of Telephone Alexander Graham Bell
Father of Mobile Phone Martin Cooper
Father of Laptop Bill Moggridge
Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Surgery Sushruta
Father of Plastic Surgery Sir Harold Gillies
Father of Ayurveda Dhanwantari
Father of Railwaysgeorge Stevenson

Disease Name Organs Affected Transmission

Question Answer Column 3
Influenza Respiratory Tract Droplets
Rhinovirus Infections Upper Respiratory Tract Droplets, Contact
Chicken pox ( Varicella) Skin, Nervous System Droplets, Contact
Measles (Rubeola) Respiratory Tract, Skin Droplets, Contact
German Measles ( Rubella) Skin Droplets, Contact
Small Pox (Variola) Skin, Blood Contact, Droplets
Yellow Fever Liver, Blood Mosquito
Dengue Fever Blood, Muscles Mosquito
Hepatitis A Liver Food, Water, Contact
Hepatitis B Liver Contact with body Fluids
NANB Hepatitis Liver Contact with body Fluids
Viral Gastroenteritis Intestine Food, Water
Viral Fevers Blood Contact, arthropods
AIDS T-lymphocytes Contact with body Fluids
Rabies Brain, Spinal cord Contact with body Fluids
Polio Intestine, Brain, Spinal Cord Food, Water, Contact
Slow Virus Disease Brain
Viral pneumonia infection in lung
Arboviral Enephalitis Brain Arthropods
Ebola Whole body bodily fluids

Bacterial Diseases

Question Answer Column 3
Cholera Vibrio cholerae Small intestine
Anthrax Bacillus Anthrasis Skin, lung, and bowel disease
Diphtheria Corynebacterium diphtheriae Mucous membranes of your nose and throat
Leprosy Mycobacterium leprae Skin
Tetanus Clostridium tetani Muscle (affected), nervous system
Trachoma Chlamydia trachomatis Eye
Tuberculosis Mycobacterium tuberculosis Lungs
Typhoid fever Salmonella typhi Almost of whole part of the body
Whooping cough Bordetella pertussis
Athlete’s foot Epidermophyton floccosum (fungi) Skin on the feet
Malaria Plasmodium vivax (Protozoa)


Question Answer Column 3
Vitamin A Retinol Fat Night blindness, keratomalacia, etc.
Vitamin B1 Thiamine Water Beriberi
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin Water Ariboflavinosis, glossitis, etc.
Vitamin B3 Niacin Water Pellagra
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic acid Water Paresthesia
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine Water Anemia
Vitamin B7 Biotin Water Dermatitis
Vitamin B9 Folic acid Water Megaloblastic anemia
Vitamin B12 Cyanocobalamin Water Pernicious anemia
Vitamin C ( act as antioxidants) Ascorbic acid Water Scurvy
Vitamin D (mineral metabolism,cells and tissue growth) Cholecalciferol Fat Rickets
Vitamin E Tocopherols ( act as antioxidants) Fat Hemolytic anemia (in children)
Vitamin K Phylloquinone Fat Bleeding diathesis


Question Answer Column 3
Potassium Hypokalemia Sweet potato, potato, tomato, lentils, banana, carrot, orange, etc.
Chlorine Hypochloremia Table salt
Sodium Hyponatremia Table salt, sea vegetable, milk, etc.
Calcium Hypocalcaemia Eggs, canned fish, dairy products, nuts, etc.
Phosphorus Hypophosphatemia Red meat, fish, bread, dairy products, rice, oats, etc.
Magnesium Hypomagnesemia Legumes, nuts, seeds, spinach, peanut butter, etc.
Iron Anaemia Meat, seafood, beans, nuts, etc.
Zinc Hair loss, diarrhea Red meat, nuts, dairy products, etc.
Manganese Osteoporosis Grains, nuts, leafy vegetables, legumes, seeds, tea, coffee
Copper Copper deficiency Seafood, oysters, nuts, seeds
Iodine Goitre Grains, eggs, iodized salt
Chromium Chromium deficiency Broccoli, grape juice, meat, etc.
Molybdenum Molybdenum deficiency Legumes, whole grains, nuts
Selenium Selenium deficiency Brazil nuts, meat, seafoods, grains, dairy products, etc.