Utopian Socialist Thinkers + Literature

gscrafton111's version from 2017-08-31 23:38

Section 1

Question Answer
Edward BellamyLooking Backward, 2000-1887 (1888) / Equality (1897)
Tommaso CampanellaAtheism Conquered (1605) / The City of the Sun (originally written in 1602 then published in 1623)
Etienne Cabet Founder of the Icarian Movement - Travel and Adventures of Lord William Carisdall in Icaria' (1840)

Section 2

Question Answer
Charles FourierCredited with having originated the word 'feminism' - Had bizarre views relating to a lemonade sea and a temperate north pole.
Laurence GronlundThe Cooperative Commonwealth (1884)
Thomas More Utopia (1516) / A Dialogue of Comfort Against Tribulation (1534, posthumously)

Section 3

Question Answer
John Humphrey Noyes(19th Century) He founded the Putney, Oneida, and Wallingford Communities, and is credited with coining the term "complex marriage".
Robert Owen(18th - 19th C.) He worked in the cotton industry in Manchester. Owen travelled to America to invest the bulk of his fortune in an experimental 1,000-member colony on the banks of Indiana's Wabash River, called New Harmony. New Harmony was intended to be a Utopian society.
Henri de Saint-Simon(18th - 19th C.) He created a political and economic ideology known as industrialism that claimed that the needs of an industrial class, which he also referred to as the working class, needed to be recognized and fulfilled to have an effective society and an efficient economy.This ideology soon inspired and influenced utopian socialism, liberal political theorist John Stuart Mill, anarchism through its founder Pierre-Joseph Proudhon who was inspired by Saint-Simon's thought and Marxism with Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels identifying Saint-Simon as an inspiration to their ideas and identifying him among the utopian socialists.

Section 4

Question Answer
Vasa Pelagic(19th C.) was a Bosnian Serb writer, physician, educator, clergyman, nationalist and a proponent of utopian socialism among the Serbs in the second half of the nineteenth century.

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