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USMLE Psychology Pharmacology

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kacasey6's version from 2015-11-11 19:35

Preferred Treat

ConditionDrugsNumber
Alcohol W/dwlBenzodiazepines1
AnxietySSRIs/SNRIS/buspirone/benzodiazepines/pregabalin5
ADHDMethylphenidate/amphetamines2
BipolarMood stabilizers (Lithium/Valproic acid/Carbamazepine)/atypical antipsychotics4
AnorexiaParoxetine (SSRI)/mirtazepine2
BulimiaSSRIs (TCAs alternatively)1
DepressionSSRIs/SNRIs/TCAs/buspirone/mirtazapine5
Depression w/insomniaTrazodone/nefazodone/mirtazepine3
Depression w/peripheral neuropathyAmitriptyline/duloxetine2
Obsessive-compulsiveSSRIs/clomipramine2
PanicSSRIs/venlafaxine/benzodiazepines3
PTSDSSRIs1
SchizophreniaAntipsychotics1
Social phobiasSSRIs1
Tourette'sAntipsychotics (haloperidol/risperidone/pimozide)3
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ID

DrugAnswerQuestionNumber
CNS StimulantsMethylphenidate/dextroamphetamine/methamphetamineID3
High potency antipsychoticsTrifluoperazine/fluphenazine/haloperidolID3/Try to Fly High
Low potency antipsychoticsChlorpromazine/thioridazineID2/Cheating Thieves are Low
SNRIsVenlafaxine/duloxetineID2
MAOiTranylcypromine/Phenelzine/Isocarboxazid/SelegilineID4/MAO Steelers Players In Training
Atypical antidepressantsBuproprion/Mirtazapine/Maprotiline/TrazodoneID4
TCAs/tertiary aminesAmitriptyline/imipramine/clomipramine/doxepineID4
TCAs/secondary aminesNortriptyline/desipramine/amoxapineID3
SSRIsFluoxetine/paroxetine/sertraline/citalopramID4/FLashbacks PARalyze SEnior CITizens
Atypical antipsychoticsOlanzapine/clozapine/quetiapine/risperidone/aripiprazole/ziprasidoneID6/Quiet Riot Closed Out the Atlanta Zoo
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MoA

DrugAnswerQuestionNumber
CNS StimulantsIncrease catecholamines at synpatic cleft/esp NE and DopaMoA2
Antipsychotics/neurolepticsBlock D2 receptors/raise cAMPMoA2
Atypical antipsychoticsNot completely understood/varied on 5-HT2/D/alpha/HMoA5
LithiumNot established/possible inhibition of phosphoinositol cascadeMoA2
BuspironeStimulates 5-HT1A receptorsMoA1
SSRIsSerotonin specific reuptake inhibitorsMoA1
SNRIsInhibit 5-HT and NE reuptakeMoA2
TCAsInhibit 5-HT and NE reuptakeMoA2
MAOiNonselective/increases levels of amine neurotransmitters (NE/5-HT/dopa)MoA3
BuproprionIncreases NE/dopa via unknown mechanism/Nicotinic antagonistmMoA3
MaprotilineBlocks NE reuptakeMoA1
MirtazapineAlpha-2-antagonist (increases NE 5-HT)/5-HT2/5-HT3 receptor antagonistMoA3
TrazodoneSerotonin antagonist and reuptake inhibitors (SARI)MoA2
NefazodoneSerotonin antagonist and reuptake inhibitors (SARI)MoA2
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Use

DrugAnswerQuestionNumber
CNS StimulantsADHD/narcolepsy/appetite controlUse3
Antipsychotics/neurolepticsSchizophrenia (+ Sx)/psychosis/acute mania/Tourette'sUse4
Atypical antipsychoticsSchizophrenia (+/- Sx)/bipolar/OCD/anxiety/dep/mania/Tourette'sUse7
LithiumMood stabilizer for bipolar/blocs relapse or acute manic events/SIADHUse3
BuspironeGADUse1
SSRIsDep/GAD/panic disorder/OCD/bulimia/social phobias/PTSDUse7
VenlafaxineDep/GAD/panic disorderUse3
DuloxetineDep/diabetic peripheral neuropathyUse2
TCAsMajor dep/fibromyalgiaUse2
ImipramineMajor dep/fibromyalgia/bedwettingUse3
ClomipramineMajor dep/fibromyalgia/OCDUse3
BuproprionDep/smoking cessationUse2
Trazodone/nefazodoneInsomnia primarily/dep (needs high dose)Use2
MAOiAtypical dep/anxiety/hypchondriasisUse3
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SE

DrugAnswerQuestionNumber
Antipsychotics/neurolepticsLipid soluble-slow removal/extrapyramidalSE2
Antipsychotics/neurolepticsD antagonism (prolactinemia)/antimuscarinic/anti-alpha-1/anti histamineSE receptors4
Antipsychotics/neurolepticsNeuroleptic malignant syndrome/tardive diskinesiaSE other2
Extrapyramidal Sx4h (acute dystonia)/4d (akinesia)/4w (akathisia)/4m (tardive dyskinesia)SE4
OlanzapineWeight gainSE1
Clozapineagranulocytosis/seizureSE3
QuetiapineCataractsSE1
RisperidoneElevates prolactin (gynecomastia/galactoria/amenorrhea)SE3
AripiprazoleLow effect on weight gain/glucose/lipids/QTSE4
ZiprasidoneQT elongationSE1
Neuroleptic malignant syndromeFever/Encephalopathy/Vitals unstable/Elevated CPK-leukocytosis/Rigidity of muscles/myoglobinuriaSE5/FEVER
Tardive dyskinesiaStereotypic oral-facial movements/result of long term use/often irreversibleSE3
Atypical antipsychoticsFewer (extrapyramida/anticholinergic) than typical antipsychoticsSE2
Atypical antipsychoticsanti-D (prolactinemia)/anti-5-HT/anti-alpha-1/anti-H1SE receptors4
Chlorpromazinelow BP by blocking alpha 1/blue-gray skin discolorationSE2
ThioridazineRetinopathySE1
LithiumTremor/Nephrogenic DI/hypOthyroidism/EpsteinsSE5
Lithiumsedation/edema/heart blockSE other3
SSRIsGI distress/sexual dysfunction/5-HT syndromeSE3
Serotonin syndromeHyperthermia/confusion/myoclonus/CV collapse/flushing/diarrhea/seizuresSE7
Serotonin syndromeCyproheptadine (5HT2 receptor antagonist)Treat1
SNRIsHTN/Serotonin syndromeSE2
TCAsConvulsions/Coma/CardiotoxicitySE main3
TCAssedation/alpha-1-blocking/anticholinergicSE other3
BuproprionStimulant/headache/seizure in bulimic (no weight gain/sexual)SE3
MAOiHTN crisis/CNS stimulationSE2
MirtazapineAnticholinergicSE4
MaprotilineSedation/orthostatic hypotensionSE2
TrazodoneSedation/nausea/priapismSE4
BuspironeHeadache/dizziness/nervousnessSE4
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ID

DrugCategory
Methylphenidate (Ritalin)CNS Stimulants
Dextroamphetamine (Adderol)CNS Stimulants
MethamphetamineCNS Stimulants
HaloperidolHigh potency antipsychotics
FluphenazineHigh potency antipsychotics
TrifluoperazineHigh potency antipsychotics
ChlorpromazineLow potency antipsychotics
ThioridazineLow potency antipsychotics
VenlafaxineSNRIs
DuloxetineSNRIs
TranylcyprominensMAOi
PhenelzinensMAOi
IsocarboxazidnsMAOi
SelegilinesMAOi (B)
RasagilinesMAOi (B)
BuproprionAtypical antidepressants
MirtazapineAtypical (TetraCyclic) antidepressants
MaprotilineAtypical antidepressants
TrazodoneAtypical (SARI) antidepressants
NefazodoneAtypical (SARI) antidepressants
AmitriptylineTCAs/tertiary amine
NortriptylineTCAs/secondary amine
ImipramineTCAs/tertiary amine
DespramineTCAs/secondary amine
ClomipramineTCAs/tertiary amine
DoxepineTCAs/tertiary amine
AmoxapineTCAs/secondary amine
FluoxetineSSRIs
ParoxetineSSRIs
SertralineSSRIs
CitalopramSSRIs
OlanzapineAtypical antipsychotics
ClozapineAtypical antipsychotics
QuitiapineAtypical antipsychotics
RisperidoneAtypical antipsychotics
AripiprazoleAtypical antipsychotics
ZiprasidoneAtypical antipsychotics
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USMLE Psychology Pharmacology