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USMLE Electrolyte Disturbances

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dahuveki's version from 2016-05-18 18:07

Section

Question Answer
Low Nadisorientation, stupor, coma
High NaNeuro- irritability, delirium, coma
Low Clsecondary to metabolic alkalosis, hypoklemia, hypovolemia, increased aldosterone
High Clsecondary to non-anion gap acidosis
Low KU waves, flattened T waves, arryhthmias, paralysis
High KPeaked T waves, wide QRS, arrhythmias
Low Catetany, neuromuscular irritability, Chvostek sign, Trousseau sign
High Cadelirium, renal stones, abd pain
Low Mgtetany, neuromuscular irritability
High Mgdelirium, decreased deep tendon reflexes, cardiopulmonary arrest
Low PO4bone loss, osteomalacia
High PO4renal stones, metastatic calcifications
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