US Naval History (Part 4)

terrycotta's version from 2016-05-10 18:27


This is a guide to the history of the United States Navy based on the information in the July 2009 revision of the Navy Recruit Trainee Guide. This guide will be divided into multiple parts. This part covers the relationship between the Navy Core Values and U.S. Naval history, the mission of the U.S. Navy, the mission of the U.S. Navy in the future, according to the Sea Power 21 plan and the mission and components of the U.S. Navy Reserve.


For the Revolutionary War to the transitional period after the Spanish-American War, see US Naval History (Part 1)
For World War I to the Vietnam War, see see US Naval History (Part 2)
For the Persian Gulf War to the War on Terrorism, see US Naval History (Part 3)

Relationship Between the Navy Core Values and U.S. Navy History


Question Answer
How does the core value honor relate to U.S. Navy History?The heroes of Naval history conducted themselves honorably, for example U.S. military personnel held as prisoners of war maintained the standards of the Code of Conduct to resist their captors and remain loyal to the United States.
How did Admiral Farragut show the core value courage?He continued the attack on Mobile bay in spite of enemy torpedoes.
How did Naval aviators show the core value courage?They continued to attack Japanese aircraft carriers although 85% of the aircraft were lost
How did John Paul Jones show the core value commitment?He did not surrender his men and the heavily damage Bonhomme Richard when fighting the British

Mission of the U.S. Navy


Question Answer
What is the mission of the United States Navy?To assure continued maritime superiority for the United States
What are the two primary functions of the Navy?Sea control, projection of power.
What is sea control?Deny the use of the seas to the enemy and ensure their use by the U.S. and its allies.
What is projection of power?attack enemy targets by amphibious assault, naval bombardment, strikes from carrier-based aircraft and missiles.
What are the Navy's three additional functions to have control of the sea and project their power?Strategic nuclear deterrence, naval presence, security for sea lines of communication.
What is strategic nuclear deterrence?Preventing nuclear attack from the enemy by deploying submarines that can launch ballistic missiles.
What is naval presence?Deploying forces throughout the world to combat enemy forces if necessary and support U.S. and allied ground forces.
What is security for sea lines of communications?Keeping the seas open between the U.S. and deployed military forces, its allies, foreign nation for commercial trade.

Mission of the U.S. Navy in the Future, according to the Sea Power 21 Plan

The U.S. Navy developed "Sea Power 21" to provide a vision of the future for the Navy during the 21st Century.


Question Answer
What three concepts is the Sea Power 21 Plan based on?Sea strike, sea shield, and sea basing.
Describe Sea StrikeThe projection of combat power will be critical in the future as it was in the past.
How will technological advances improve sea strike?Improved intelligence and weapon accuracy. In-flight targeting of missiles, unmanned combat vehicles, joint campaigns that include sea, air and land forces.
Describe Sea ShieldThe Navy will continue to defend the United States and its nation interests.
How will technological advances improve sea shield?Quicker identification and response to threats on the national security, the capability to engage inbound enemy ballistic missile, the projection of naval defensive power further inland.
Describe Sea basingAs the availability of overseas land bases decline, it is necessary for the Navy to establish mobile bases at sea.
How will technological advances improve sea basing?When practical, transform shore-based capabilities to sea-based systems, place more emphasis on replenishment ships at sea rather than returning them to port, position more equipment and supplies at sea, accelerate the deployment of forces.

Mission and components odd the U.S. Naval Reserve


Question Answer
What is the peacetime mission of the U.S. Naval Reserve?Train for wartime mobilization, share responsibilities with the regular Navy.
What is the wartime mission of the U.S. Naval Reserve?augment the U.S. Navy when directed by the Commander-in-Chief and Congress.
What are the components of the U.S. Naval Reserve?Ready Reserve, standby reserve, fleet reserve, Full-Time Support reserve.
What is the Ready Reserve?Naval reservists who are not on active duty and are with either a drilling or non-drilling reserve unit.
What are the components of the ready reserve?Selected Reservists (SELRES) and Individual Ready Reservists (IRR)
Describe the Selected Reservists (SELRES)Required to drill one weekend per month. Required to serve on active duty for two weeks per year. Paid for weekend dills and active duty service. Subject to involuntary recall by the Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV), President, or Congress. Mainly Navy Veterans who previously served on active duty
Describe the Individual Ready Reservists (IRR)Not affiliated with a drilling unit. Not paid for voluntarily training. Subject to involuntary recall by the SECNAV, president or Congress
What is the Standby Reserve?Naval reservists who are not in a drilling status and are subject to involuntary recall by the congress, do not receive pay unless recalled to active duty, are not eligible for advancement unless they train in a Voluntary Training Unit.
What is the Fleet Reserve?Comprised of personnel who served on active duty for at least 20 years but no more than 30 years and are not required to drill, are subject to involuntary recall by the SECNAV, President, or Congress, receive a percentage of their base pay as a pension, are transferred to the retired list after 30 years of total service.
What is the Full-Time Support Reserve?These reservists serve on full-time active duty in support of other Naval Reservists. Members receive full active-duty pay the same benefits as regular Navy personnel.