US History

makaylahughes's version from 2017-12-15 06:53

Section 1

Question Answer
Patent a grant by the federal government giving an inventor the exclusive right to develop, use, and sell an invention for a set period of time
Ghost Dance Indians believed that if they performed dances and ceremonies that their lands would be returned to them by their ancestors.
Populist third party political movement to address farmers' plight
Dollar Diplomacy Foreign Policy idea by Taft to make countries dependent on the U.S. by heavily investing in their economies
Sweatshop small, hot, dirty workplaces that employed thousands
Collective Bargaining negotiating as a group for higher wages or better working conditions
Imperialism A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
Bonanza Farmoperations to collect large amounts of cash crops
Bessemer Process A process for making steel more efficiently, patented in 1856.
Company Town housing in communities that were owned by the business they worked at, and rented out to employees
Homestead Act1862 - provided free land in the west as long as the person would settle there and make improvements in five years
Open Door PolicyA policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.

Section 2

Question Answer
Horizontal Consolidation Rockefeller; owning all the businesses in the industry
Sedition rebelling against the law or authority
Yellow JournalismJournalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
Economies of ScaleSupply and demand
The GrangeCampaign for state control over railroads and grain elevators by farmers
Assimilation When people start to adopt another culture and basically turn into someone else.
Great White Fleet16 battleships that showed off the naval power of america, around the world
Long Driveherding cattle for long periods of time, more towards the end of the Civil War
Vertical ConsolidationAndrew Carnegie; owning all stages of production
New Immigrants Immigrants from Southern and Eastern European countries and Asia arriving in the late 1800s
Nativism Favoritism toward native-born Americans, caused immigrants issues with jobs and adapting to the new culture and language
Battle of Little Bighorn"Custer's Last Stand" Sioux and Cheyenne indians ban together to defeat the U.S. Calvary

Section 3

Question Answer
Homesteadera person who claimed land on the Great Plains under the homestead Act of 1862
Lassiez Fair policies that allowed businesses to operate under minimal government regulation
Trust companies assign their stock a board of trustees, who combine them into a new organization
Armistice "cease-fire" civililan German representative signed this to end the war, 6 hours later guns fell silent
Monopoly complete control of a product or service
Homestead Strike an epidemic of steelworkers’ and miners’ strikes that took place as economic depression spread across America
Open Rage Property which was not fenced in but ranchers claimed ownership and knew the boundaries of their property.
Exodustersa term describing one of the many African Americans from the South who went to Kansas in the 1860's
Muckrakersa name given to socially conscious journalists and other writers that dramatized the need for reforms by Theodore Roosevelt
Settlement Housea community center that provided social services to the urban poor
New Nationalismit urged protection of children, women, and workers; accepted "good" trusts; and exalted the expert and the executive. Additionally, it encouraged large concentrations of capital and labor.
Square Deal The philosophy of President Theodore Roosevelt; included in this was the desire to treat both sides fairly in any dispute. In the coal miner's strike of 1902 he treated the United Mine Workers representatives and company bosses as equals; this approach continued during his efforts to regulate the railroads and other businesses during his second term.