US History - The American Promise - Identification Quiz - Chapters, 29-31

letonuma's version from 2017-05-09 20:07

Chapter 28 of Textbook

Question Answer
President Kennedy told Americans that they needed to make a commitment to the ______________ in May 1961. space race
The Agency for International Development (AID) emphasized ______________. economic aid
The ______________ brought the world closer to nuclear annihilation than ever before. Cuban missile crisis
In August 1963, Great Britain, the United States, and ______________ signed a limited nuclear test ban treaty.the Soviet Union
The United States began a ______________ program to remove Vietnamese peasants from their land in an attempt to keep them out of Communist reach. "strategic hamlet"
Congress supported President Johnson's aggressive military actions in Vietnam by passing the ______________ Resolution in August 1964. Gulf of Tonkin
During the 1964 election campaign, President Johnson was opposed by ______________, who proposed massive bombing in North Vietnam. Barry M. Goldwater
President Johnson's success in ______________ convinced him to press on in Vietnam. the Dominican Republic
U.S. pilots dropped 3.2 million tons of explosives, more than had been launched in all of ______________. World War II
Eighty percent of the men who fought in Vietnam came from ______________. the working class
In 1965, the ______________ organized the first major demonstration against the Vietnam War, a 20,000-person march in Washington, D.C. Students for a Democratic Society
Sports star ______________ refused military service in Vietnam because he thought it was a "white man's war." Muhammad Ali
Sirhan B. Sirhan, a Palestinian Arab refugee, assassinated Senator Robert F. Kennedy, who was celebrating a win in the ______________ presidential primary. California
In 1968, the bloodiest campus demonstration took place at ______________ University. Columbia
The Republican Party nominated ______________ to run for president in 1968. Richard M. Nixon
President Nixon, with his chief foreign policy adviser, ______________, turned to a strategy of d├ętente in U.S. international relations. Henry Kissinger
Richard Nixon became the first American president to visit ______________, an astonishing act by a man who made his political career as a tenacious anti-Communist. the People's Republic of China
In 1967, tensions between Israel and Arab nations escalated into the ______________. Six-Day War
Since the mid-1950s, the United States had backed the harsh regime of the ______________, even using the CIA to bolster his efforts to regain power. shah of Iran
In 1973, the CIA engineered a coup in ______________ that replaced a democratically Marxist-leaning government with one run by a brutal dictator. Chile
Increasing Vietnamization of the war led to a growth in ______________ troops to over one million. Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN)
President Nixon hid intense bombing in ______________ from Congress and the American people. Cambodia
According to a public opinion poll taken in 1971, ______________ percent of Americans found the Vietnam War to be immoral. 58
A formal peace agreement was signed in Paris in 1973 by the United States, South Vietnam, and the ______________. Vietcong
In November 1973, Congress passed the War Powers Act, requiring ______________ to report to Congress within forty-eight hours of deploying military forces abroad. the president

Chapter 29 of Textbook

Question Answer
The ______________ concentrated on organizing conservative college students. Young Americans for Freedom
In 1974, racial violence erupted in Boston over school ______________. busing
______________ industry workers tended to be especially strong supporters of the new conservatism. Defense
The passage of the ______________ drove southern white conservatives out of the Democratic Party. Civil Rights Act
The 1978 Supreme Court ruling in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke dealt with ______________. affirmative action
In the 1972 election, President Nixon carried every state except ______________ in his landslide victory. Massachusetts
In April 1973, President Nixon appointed ______________ as independent special prosecutor. Archibald Cox
In August 1973, ______________ was forced to resign as vice president after an investigation showed that he had taken bribes as governor of Maryland. Spiro Agnew
After Richard M. Nixon resigned on August 8, 1974, ______________ became president. Gerald Ford
In the ______________ presidential election, Jimmy Carter won over Gerald Ford by a narrow margin. 1976
In 1978, rising ______________ caused President Carter to diminish federal spending.inflation
To keep ______________ afloat, President Carter and Congress raised payroll taxes, which increased the burden on low- and middle-income Americans. Social Security
The Carter administration did not push for issues that were traditionally central to ______________.the Democratic Party
In 1978, President Jimmy Carter signed an agreement to give up U.S. control of ______________.the Panama Canal
The Carter administration pressured Argentina, Chile, El Salvador, Rhodesia, and South Africa to support ______________. human rights
Ronald Reagan's political career was boosted when he was elected as governor of ______________ in 1966. California
In the 1980 presidential election, 7 percent of the total vote went to ______________. John Anderson
In the 1984 election, the Democratic Party presidential candidate was ______________.Walter F. Mondale
During President Reagan's two terms, the federal government increased its debt from $834 billion to ______________.$2.3 trillion
Yuppies, the young urban professionals, constituted ______________ of their generation. only a minority
Title IX of the Education Amendments Act banned sex discrimination in all aspects of ______________. education
Gays and lesbians fought for the rights of homosexuals against the police in the ______________ in New York City in 1969. Stonewall riot
Two of Ronald Reagan's Supreme Court appointees were ______________. strict constructionists
In the 1980s, conservative Republicans stopped feminist efforts to win ______________ legislation.equal pay
In 1980, the Carter administration took action against environmental contamination by creating ______________. the Superfund
When Congress blocked Ronald Reagan's efforts to assist opponents of ______________ government in Nicaragua, administration officials acted illegally to undermine congressional authority. the leftist Sandinista
Research on Star Wars continued and was supported by legislators from both parties, even after the end of the cold war, eventually accruing costs of more than ______________ in funding. $60 billion
In 1983, U.S. troops invaded ______________, a small island nation in the Caribbean, in response to a coup by left-wing political forces. Grenada
In return for U.S.-made arms sold to Iran, Iranians were to exert pressure on Muslim terrorists to release ______________ American hostages who were being held in Lebanon. 7
In June 1990, President Bush, Ronald Reagan's successor, achieved a major breakthrough in disarmament with ______________, which actually reduced each superpower's nuclear arsenal by 30 percent. a strategic arms reduction treaty (START)

Section 3

Question Answer
In 1988, the Democratic presidential candidate was ______________, who won the nomination after a tough battle with several contenders. Michael Dukakis
Unification of East and West Germany was completed in ______________. 1990
In 1996, the leading nuclear powers signed a comprehensive test ban treaty, but ______________ refused to sign the pact. India and Pakistan
In the Gulf War, ______________ U.S. servicemen and servicewomen lost their lives, as opposed to the 50,000 Vietnam War victims. 270
In his unconventional campaign in 1992, Texas billionaire ______________ established the federal budget deficit as a key issue. H. Ross Perot
The health care reform enacted by Congress during the Clinton administration included a new health care program for five million uninsured ______________. children
In the 1980s, the most impressive gains for African American politicians occurred in ______________. city government
In the 1995 terrorist attack against a federal building in ______________, 169 people died. Oklahoma City
Bill Clinton was the ______________ president in U.S. history to be impeached by the House and tried by the Senate. second
In the 1996 election campaign, ______________ percent of women supported Bill Clinton, while men split their votes between the Republican and the Democratic candidates almost evenly. 54
In October 2000, Serbs voted ______________ out of office, an act that encouraged hope for the return of stability and peace to the Balkans. Slobodan Milosevic
Critics of globalization preferred to speak of ______________ rather than simply free trade. "fair trade"
The ______________ often demanded that developing nations, to which it provided loans, privatize state industries and reduce government spending for social welfare. International Monetary Fund
Unlike the ______________, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade did not entirely eliminate trade barriers. North American Free Trade Agreement
The majority of post-1965 immigrants were ______________. unskilled and poor
In his campaign for the White House in 2000, George W. Bush separated himself from the right wing of the Republican Party, but he also tried to co-opt Democratic issues such as ______________. education
In the 2000 election, once the polls closed, it was clear that the candidate who won ______________ 25 electoral college votes would win the election. Florida's
After the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan, the radical Muslim ______________ government took control. Taliban
Passed in October 2001, the ______________ Act gave the government new powers to monitor suspected terrorists and their associates. USA Patriot
In his January 2002 State of the Union message, President George W. Bush described Iran, Iraq, and North Korea as an ______________. axis of evil