US History - The American Promise - Identification Quiz - Chapters, 26-28

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Section 1

Question Answer
Joseph Stalin was especially cautious about keeping friendly governments on his borders, and the most important country was ______________. Poland
Diplomat ______________ developed the policy of containment, which argued that America should create a strong counterforce to Soviet expansion. George F. Kennan
The United States initiated ______________, providing technical aid to developing nations. the Point IV Program
In 1949, Chinese Nationalists fled to ______________ after the establishment of the People's Republic of China. Taiwan
After 1948, United States policy toward ______________ shifted to concentrate on economic recovery. Japan
The federal government reserved the responsibility to promote full employment and purchasing power through the ______________.Employment Act of 1946
A mob lynched ______________, an African American, for voting in Georgia. Isaac Nixon
J. Strom Thurmond headed the ______________ and challenged Harry Truman with an anti-civil rights platform during the 1948 elections. States' Rights Party
Senator McCarthy pushed himself into the national spotlight saying he knew of 205 "known Communists" in the ___state department
State Department
In 1953, the Red scare and implications of espionage saw ______________ convicted and executed. Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
In July 1948, the ______________ sponsored elections in South Korea. United Nations
Korean nationalist ______________, sponsored by the United States, was elected president. Syngman Rhee
In September 1950, UN forces launched a strong counteroffensive at ______________, 180 miles behind North Korean lines. Inchon
Presidential candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower selected ______________ as his running mate to appease the Republican right wing. Richard M. Nixon
The Korean War induced President Truman to send aid to the ______________, who were trying to keep their colonial empire in Indochina. French

Section 2

Question Answer
Anti-Communist hysteria subsided with the conclusion of the ______________. Korean War
Eisenhower was the second president to appoint a woman to his ______________, a former Women's Army Corps commander and Texas newspaper publisher, to head the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. cabinet
For most of his two terms, Eisenhower presided over a ______________ government. divided
As part of its Indian relocation program, the government wanted to move Native Americans to ______________. cities
The Eisenhower administration was the first Republican administration after the ______________.New Deal
Dwight Eisenhower's foreign policy differed from that of Harry Truman in its rhetoric, means, and movement toward accommodation with ______________. the Soviet Union
France signed a truce with Vietnam after the fall of ______________ in 1954.Dien Bien Phu
On July 26, 1956, Egypt's leader, Gamal Abdel Nasser, seized the ______________ as a response to Secretary of State John Foster Dulles's denial of American support for building the Aswan Dam. Suez Canal
Dwight Eisenhower’s and ______________ 1955 summit conference in Geneva symbolized the lessening of tensions between the two superpowers. Nikita Khrushchev's
The first Soviet satellite was called ______________.Sputnik
The decline of the family farm and the growth of ______________ were causes and consequences of mechanization. agribusiness
______________ designed vast suburban housing communities. William J. Levitt
During the 1950s, masses of ______________ migrated to cities seeking economic opportunity. African Americans
The technology of air-conditioning made possible industrial development in the so-called ______________. Sun Belt
The ______________ allowed thousands of African Americans to attend college. GI Bill
Evangelism, popularized by ______________, became a powerful force in the 1960s. Billy Graham
In 1950, fewer than 10 percent of American households boasted a television set, but by 1960 approximately ______________ of all homes had one. 87 percent
In 1961, Newton Minnow, chairman of the Federal Communications Commission, labeled ______________ a "vast wasteland." television
In the 1950s, ______________ contributed to the doubling of consumer debt. credit cards
______________ wrote On the Road, a countercultural novel written in jazz-influenced prose about two young men traveling the country. Jack Kerouac
Between 1940 and 1960, more than 3 million African Americans moved out of the ______________ into areas where they could vote and exert pressure on white politicians. South
White leaders worried that the nation's dismal record of race relations put the United States at a disadvantage in ______________. cold war competition
President Eisenhower's orders for regular army troops to take federal control of the Arkansas National Guard was the first federal military intervention in the South since ______________. Reconstruction
Jo Ann Robinson and other members of the Women's Political Council used Rosa Parks's challenge to bus segregation to mount a ______________. bus boycott
Martin Luther King Jr., a twenty-six-year-old pastor at the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, was elected to head the ______________. Montgomery Improvement Association

Section 3

Question Answer
President Kennedy's use of fiscal policy to stimulate the economy and reduce taxes even when there was no recession was called ______________. the new economics
In 1962, poverty gained President Kennedy's attention when he campaigned in ______________ for the votes of the rural poor. Appalachia
During the Johnson administration, large numbers of the aged and members of male-headed families rose out of poverty, while the situation of ______________ actually worsened. female-headed families
Of all the potential disruptive factors, the ______________ dealt the largest blow to the domestic reforms of the Johnson administration. Vietnam War
Chief Justice ______________ presided over the Supreme Court from 1953 to 1969. Earl Warren
In 1961, the ______________ organized Freedom Rides to integrate transportation in the South. Congress of Racial Equality
When activists pleaded for more federal protection during the Birmingham, Alabama, demonstrations in 1963, ______________ replied that law enforcement was a local matter. President Kennedy
A provision against ______________ discrimination in employment was introduced by a conservative southerner in hopes of defeating the entire Civil Rights Act of 1964. sexual
In 1965, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference mounted a drive for better jobs, schools, and housing in ______________. Chicago
In Memphis, on April 4, 1968, ______________ was shot and killed.Martin Luther King Jr.
In a dramatic action, Indians seized ______________ in 1969 and used it as a cultural and educational center until the federal government evicted them in 1971. Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay
Both Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta determined that unionization was the key to improving the lives of ______________. Mexican American farm workers
Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales organized the Crusade for Justice and set up ______________ for Chicano children, where they could learn Spanish and study Mexican American history. "freedom schools"
The Students for a Democratic Society aimed to mobilize a new social movement, called the ______________, with civil rights, peace, and universal economic security as its major goals. New Left
In 1962, with publication of Silent Spring, biologist ______________ drew national attention to environmental causes.Rachel Carson
The Equal Pay Act of June 1963 made wage disparities based solely on ____________ illegal. gender
By staging marches, sit-ins, and other demonstrations, radical feminists began to gain public attention, especially when they picketed the ______________ in 1968. Miss America beauty pageant
In the landmark case of Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court upheld women's right to ______________. abortion
The ______________ co-sponsored the Miss Black America contest. NAACP
Conservative women who opposed the movement for women's liberation regarded ______________ as a high crime. abortion
The Nixon administration provided $1 billion in ______________ for low-income students to attend college. Pell Grants
America's abundant oil deposits and access to cheap Middle Eastern oil left the nation with no concern for ______________. fuel efficiency
In the 1970s, the economies of ______________ and Western Europe grew faster than that of the United States. Japan
In 1970, Congress and the Nixon administration ______________ the Voting Rights Act. extended
Title IX outlawed gender discrimination in ______________. education