US History - The American Promise - Identification Quiz - Chapters, 24-25

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Section 1

Question Answer
Franklin Delano Roosevelt grew up in a plush country estate in ______________.Hyde Park
In 1920, Roosevelt ran for the office of ______________. vice president
In 1921, Franklin contracted ______________. polio
Prior to her marriage, Eleanor Roosevelt belonged to the politically prominent ______________ family. Roosevelt
Early in his career, Franklin Roosevelt was an active member of the ______________ Party. Democratic
President Roosevelt selected reformer ______________ to serve as secretary of labor.Frances Perkins
In the initial period of Roosevelt's presidency, termed _______, the New Deal was launched with a whirlwind of government initiatives. The Hundred Days
The Federal Emergency Relief Administration was established in order to: feed the hungry and create jobs for the unemployed on public works projects.
The Rural Electrification Administration gave low-cost loans to ______________ so that power could be brought to rural communities. local cooperatives
The Blue Eagle symbol was placed in store windows and on billboards to encourage consumers to patronize businesses participating in __________ codes. National Recovery Administration
The ______________ criticized the New Deal for abandoning constitutional guarantees of freedom and individualism. Liberty League
The Southern Farm Tenants Union criticized the Agricultural Adjustment Act because it primarily benefited ______________. land owners
______________ used his radio broadcasts to attack big business, Jews, and, over time, the Roosevelt administration. Charles Coughlin
Hundreds of thousands of "Okie" migrants in the 1930s left their homes in ________to find agricultural work. the "Dust Bowl"
______________ advocated the creation of a "Cooperative Commonwealth" and staged the most serious socialist electoral challenge to the New Deal. Upton Sinclair
The Works Progress Administration was designed to combat ______________. unemployment
The Committee for Industrial Organization was formed by unskilled workers in ______________. 1935
The ______________ required that pensions for the elderly be paid for by tax contributions of workers and employers. Social Security Act
Bitter opponents of discrimination charged that NRA stood for "______________." Negro Run Around
______________ immigrants were excluded from U.S. citizenship and in many states were not permitted to own land. Asian
The Republicans chose Governor ______________ of Kansas as their presidential nominee in 1936. Alfred Landon
The ______________ invalidated eleven New Deal measures as unconstitutional interferences with free enterprise. Supreme Court
The British economist John Maynard Keynes argued that ______________ could counteract downturns in the business cycle. government spending
The ______________ provided housing and loans to help tenant farmers. Farm Security Administration
Among its achievements, the Fair Labor Standards Act curbed ______________. child labor

Section 2

Question Answer
The depression forced President Roosevelt to retreat from ______________. internationalism
After testing the waters, Franklin Roosevelt granted formal recognition to the ______________ on November 17, 1933.Soviet Union
President Roosevelt did not retreat from building an empire in ______________ but rejected the use of military force. Latin America
Adolf Hitler rearmed his nation during the early 1930s in complete and open defiance of the ______________.Versailles treaty
Between 1935 and 1937, legislators passed a series of ______________ acts to stop the recurrence of circumstances that they believed started American involvement in World War I. neutrality
After the Anschluss in Austria, Hitler turned his attention to ______________.the Sudentenland
The German army attacked Poland with a(n) ______________ that had firepower never before seen. blitzkrieg
After Germany attacked Poland, President Roosevelt's main goal was to convince Congress to repeal the ______________ in order to help the Allies.arms embargo
In the 1940 presidential election, ______________ opposed President Roosevelt, who was running for an unprecedented third term.Wendell Willkie
Japanese imperialism in ______________clashed with U.S. economic interests. China
Since Americans did not ______________ until spring of 1942, the German U-boats could sink ships near the East Coast. institute blackouts
In an effort to dramatize his new emphasis on international affairs at the start of World War II, Franklin Roosevelt referred to himself as ______________. Dr. Win-the-War
Executive Order 9066 authorized placing ______________ in ten makeshift internment camps. Japanese Americans
The army practiced the policy of ______________ toward its African American troops. segregation
By the end of World War II, the federal budget topped ______________. $100 billion
After Pearl Harbor, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto swiftly ordered the Japanese to attack American airfields and outposts in(on) ______________. the Philippines, Guam, and Wake Island
Midway Island, an outpost guarding ______________, was where a wild battle ended the apex of Japanese naval power. the Hawaiian Islands
At the same time that imperial Japanese forces moved throughout Asia, Adolf Hitler's army drove deep into ______________. the Soviet Union
In 1942, American troops launched their North African campaign by landing in ______________.Morocco
The largest amphibious operation in history took place in ______________ during the summer of 1943.Sicily
Due to a shortage of labor during World War II, ______________ found themselves being aggressively recruited by the defense industry. women
Much of organized labor supported segregated workplaces and employers who barred ______________ from skilled jobs. African Americans
The Roosevelt administration persuaded Congress to allow absentee ballots for military personnel in the hopes of holding together ______________ during wartime.the New Deal coalition
______________, Franklin Roosevelt's vice president, was selected to satisfy urban Democratic leaders and because he posed no threat to southern segregationists.Harry S. Truman
In 1939, Congress defeated a bill to admit more ______________ refugees to the United States. Jewish
______________ was assigned overall command of the Allied forces in 1943. General Dwight D. Eisenhower
In August 1944, the Allies liberated ______________, which withstood Nazi occupation for four years. Paris
The proposed United Nations Security Council would give ______________, France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States veto power. China
The land and sea war climaxed in the fall of 1944 with the invasion of the Philippines and the battle for ______________. Leyte Gulf
The first test for the atomic bomb took place in July 1945 with an awesome explosion at ______________. Los Alamos