US History - The American Promise - Identification Quiz - Chapters, 1- 6

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Section 1

Question Answer
_Archaeologists_________ tend to focus on physical objects created by humans to interpret the past.Archaeologists
Historians generally use _writings_________ to learn about the past.writings
The long era before the invention of writing is often labeled Prehistory_____________.prehistory
The process of _continental drift_________ isolated the Western Hemisphere from other continents.continental drift
Human beings evolved in _Africa_________ about 2 million years ago.Africa
It is most likely that the first human migrants to North America were from _Siberia_________.Siberia
The hunting and gathering cultures that descended from Paleo-Indians are known by archaeologists as _Archaic_________.Archaic
The hunters of the _Great Plains___________ stalked bison on foot.Great Plains
_California_________ was the most densely settled area in ancient North America.California
It is likely that a fifty-year drought caused the disappearance of the Anasazi culture______________.Anasazi culture
The Mississippian site of _Cahokia___________ was the largest settlement in North America.Cahokia
Descendants of the Mogollon culture, the __Mimbres peoples_____________, produced magnificent pottery depicting human and animal designs.Mimbres peoples
Among the ___Iroquois__________ tribes, all property belonged to women.Iroquois
The __Muskogean________ peoples, who carried remnants of the Mississippian culture, lived throughout the Southeast, south of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi.Muskogean
Upon Columbus’s arrival in the Western Hemisphere, many _Great Plains tribes_____________ were increasing their reliance on buffalo.Great Plains tribes
By 1500, the Mexican Empire encompassed an area larger than __Spain and Portugal________ combined and contained almost three times as many people.Spain and Portugal
_Warriors_________ held the most exalted positions in the Mexican social hierarchy.Warriors
Mexicans used captured prisoners as sacrifices to the ___war god Huitzilopochtli_______.war god Huitzilopochtli

Section 2

Question Answer
The __Portuguese________ were the first Europeans to venture down the African coast.Portuguese
The Portuguese and Spanish cooperated in the __Reconquest ________, which expelled Muslims from the Iberian Peninsula.Reconquest
The most influential advocate of Portuguese exploration was Prince Henry the Navigator _________.Prince Henry the Navigator
__Christopher Columbus_____________ believed he could reach Asia by sailing west, rejecting theories that earth's circumference was too great for such a voyage to be feasible.Christopher Columbus
The Treaty of Tordesillas__________ granted to the Spanish all land discovered west of an imaginary line eleven hundred miles west of the Canary Islands.Treaty of Tordesillas
... the first European to lead a boat around the globe? Ferdinand Magellan
Hernán Cortés was aided greatly in his search for the Aztec kingdom by the services of his translator _Malinali _________.Malinali
One of the foremost critics of the Spanish treatment of Indians was __Fray de Las Casas._______Fray de Las Casas.
In the stratified society of New Spain, _____creoles __________ were the New World offspring of Spanish men and women.creoles
In 1519, Charles I of Spain used his New World wealth to secure his selection as Charles V of __the Holy Roman Empire ________.the Holy Roman Empire
Martin Luther initiated the _Protestant Reformation _________ in 1517.Protestant Reformation
Charles V's successor was his son __Philip II ________.Philip II

Section 3

Question Answer
English merchants used ___joint stock companies_______ to pool capital and share risks in trading voyages to Europe, Africa, and Asia.joint stock companies
James I's charter giving the Virginia Company of London over six million acres of land was, in effect, a royal license to poach on __Spanish________ claims.Spanish
Settlers sent _Captain John Smith_________ to trade for corn with Indian tribes upriver from Jamestown.Captain John Smith
The first commercial shipment of tobacco left __Virginia_________ in 1617.Virginia
_Christopher Columbus__________ was the first European to encounter tobacco, a plant long-used by Native Americans.Christopher Columbus
In the northern Chesapeake region in 1632, King Charles I gave his friend _Lord Baltimore_______________ 6.5 million acres for a Catholic colony.Lord Baltimore
With class distinctions polarizing colonists in the Chesapeake, Governor Berkeley attempted to avoid conflict by postponing elections for the _House of Burgesses________________ for fifteen years.House of Burgesses
In 1676, _Bacon's Rebellion___________ was a reaction against Indian policy.Bacon's Rebellion
A Navigation Act__________ required all colonial exports to be shipped to British ports.Navigation Act
The northernmost outposts of Spanish settlement in North America were located in _Florida and New Mexico_______.Florida and New Mexico
_Popé_______ led the Pueblo Revolt of 1680.Popé
Spanish colonists built their North American settlements with __forced Indian labor______.forced Indian labor
The West Indies__________ exerted a powerful influence on the development of slavery in the mainland colonies.West Indies
_______________ and the proprietors of Carolina hoped to develop a profitable export crop. John Colleton
English officials associated Carolina with __Barbados________.Barbados

Section 4

Question Answer
At Henry VIII's insistence, Parliament's Act of __Supremacy__________ outlawed the Catholic Church in England.Supremacy
The Puritans______________ were English people who insisted on a thorough reformation.Puritans
Puritans wanted to eliminate the rituals of Catholic worship from the Church of England, emphasizing instead an individual's relationship with God developed through the study of the Bible______________.Bible
The first governor of the Plymouth colony was _William Bradford_____________.William Bradford
The tribe whose territory included Plymouth was the __Wampanoag__________.Wampanoag
The area that John Winthrop and his followers settled in became known as __Boston_____________.Boston
According to the doctrines of _John Calvin________________, only God knew who the elect, or visible saints, were.John Calvin
To bring public life into conformity with their view of God, the Puritans refused to observe Christmas______________.Christmas
The leaders of the parliamentary forces during the clash between King Charles I and Parliament were __Puritans______________.Puritans
New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania were originally _proprietary______________ colonies; that is, they were granted to one or more proprietors.proprietary
Peter Minuit, the resident director of the West India Company, purchased _Manhattan Island______________ from the Manhate Indians.Manhattan Island
The Charter of _Privileges_____________ stripped the colonial council of Pennsylvania of its powers and gave those powers to the assembly.Privileges
The colony of __Virginia_______________had been a royal colony since 1624.Virginia
Inhabitants of the colony of New York rebelled against the royal government; the leader of the rebels, _Jacob Leisler________________, was executed when King William's governor of New York arrived in 1691.Jacob Leisler
Charles II sent _Sir Edmund Andros__________ to Boston to govern the Dominion of New England in 1686.Sir Edmund Andros

Section 5

Question Answer
___Natural increase _______ made up about three-fourths of colonial population growth.Natural increase
Of the following eighteenth-century immigrant groups, the smallest number came from _England_________.England
After almost a century of settlement, most colonists lived within fifty miles of _the Atlantic coastline _________.the Atlantic coastline
__Atlantic _______ commerce benefited the entire New England economy.Atlantic
The Iroquois and Mohicans _______________ posed a significant threat New England colonies because of contested lands in the northern and western frontiers.Iroquois and Mohicans
Two-thirds of all New England's exports in the eighteenth century were sent to the West Indies _______________.the West Indies
The largest contingent of migrants from the European continent to the middle colonies were __Germans ___________.Germans
Scots-Irish immigrants tended to be militant _Presbyterians _________ who seldom hesitated to swear loyalty oaths or bear arms.Presbyterians
The _Iroquois _________ dominated the lucrative fur trade of the St. Lawrence Valley and the eastern Great Lakes.Iroquois
The colonies in the upper south, surrounding the Chesapeake Bay, specialized in growing _tobacco _________, as they had in the seventeenth century.tobacco
Until Georgia was founded in 1732, _South Carolina _________ was the sole British colony along the South Atlantic coast.South Carolina
Politically, the eighteenth-century southern ___gentry _________ became a self-perpetuating oligarchy.gentry
Many educated eighteenth-century colonists became __deists ________.deists
In Massachusetts, during the mid-1730s, the fiery Puritan minister _Jonathan Edwards______________ inspired religious fervor by emphasizing the Puritan belief that humans were sinful.Jonathan Edwards
__The Navigation Acts __________ accounted for why colonists bought their imported goods exclusively from England.The Navigation Acts
__Colonial governors______________ were hampered in their ability to develop relations of trust and respect with influential colonists because they served brief terms in office.Colonial governors
____Junípero Serra ________ was the Spanish priest who built missions in California.Junípero Serra
The behavior of Spanish soldiers and missionaries in California provoked uprisings by ___Indians ______.Indians

Section 6

Question Answer
_Benjamin Franklin_____________ and Thomas Hutchinson drew up the Albany Plan of Union, proposing a unified colonial governmental agency to coordinate defense and Indian affairs.Benjamin Franklin
The ______Iroquois League's________ strategy in the Seven Years' War was to play the two European opponents off each other.Iroquois League's
The Seven Year's War finally turned around after the rise to power in 1757 of __William Pitt_______ as prime minister of England.William Pitt
In the 1760s, _George III's_____________ many ministers wrestled with the issue of how to service the war debt without violating what the colonists saw as their rights.George III's
The __Sugar Act____________ raised revenue by lowering the duty on molasses.Sugar Act
In Boston, resistance to the Stamp Act was spearheaded by Samuel Adams______________, a town politician.Samuel Adams
In 1770, __Lord North____________ removed all of the Townshend duties except for the tax on tea, a pointed reminder of Parliament's ultimate power.Lord North
The Boston __Sons of Liberty____________ dumped £10,000 sterling worth of tea into Boston harbor to protest the duties imposed on tea.Sons of Liberty
Delegates to the _First Continental Congress_____________ created the Continental Association, with chapters in each town, to enforce a limited trade boycott.First Continental Congress
In April 1775, English leaders ordered ___General Thomas Gage___________ to arrest troublemakers quickly.General Thomas Gage
____Phillis Wheatley__________ was a slave and was an accomplished poet by the age of sixteen.Phillis Wheatley
By December of 1775, approximately 2,000 escaped slaves had joined Lord Dunmore's ______________Ethiopian Regiment."