US History - The American Promise - Identification Quiz - Chapters, 1- 6

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Section 1

Question Answer
__________ tend to focus on physical objects created by humans to interpret the past. Archaeologists
Historians generally use __________ to learn about the past. writings
The long era before the invention of writing is often labeled _____________. prehistory
The process of __________ isolated the Western Hemisphere from other continents. continental drift
Human beings evolved in __________ about 2 million years ago. Africa
It is most likely that the first human migrants to North America were from __________. Siberia
The hunting and gathering cultures that descended from Paleo-Indians are known by archaeologists as __________. Archaic
The hunters of the ____________ stalked bison on foot. Great Plains
__________ was the most densely settled area in ancient North America. California
It is likely that a fifty-year drought caused the disappearance of the ______________. Anasazi culture
The Mississippian site of ____________ was the largest settlement in North America. Cahokia
Descendants of the Mogollon culture, the _______________, produced magnificent pottery depicting human and animal designs. Mimbres peoples
Among the _____________ tribes, all property belonged to women. Iroquois
The __________ peoples, who carried remnants of the Mississippian culture, lived throughout the Southeast, south of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi.Muskogean
Upon Columbus’s arrival in the Western Hemisphere, many ______________ were increasing their reliance on buffalo.Great Plains tribes
By 1500, the Mexican Empire encompassed an area larger than __________ combined and contained almost three times as many people. Spain and Portugal
__________ held the most exalted positions in the Mexican social hierarchy.Warriors
Mexicans used captured prisoners as sacrifices to the __________. war god Huitzilopochtli

Section 2

Question Answer
The __________ were the first Europeans to venture down the African coast. Portuguese
The Portuguese and Spanish cooperated in the __________, which expelled Muslims from the Iberian Peninsula. Reconquest
The most influential advocate of Portuguese exploration was __________. Prince Henry the Navigator
_______________ believed he could reach Asia by sailing west, rejecting theories that earth's circumference was too great for such a voyage to be feasible. Christopher Columbus
The __________ granted to the Spanish all land discovered west of an imaginary line eleven hundred miles west of the Canary Islands. Treaty of Tordesillas
... the first European to lead a boat around the globe? Ferdinand Magellan
Hernán Cortés was aided greatly in his search for the Aztec kingdom by the services of his translator __________. Malinali
One of the foremost critics of the Spanish treatment of Indians was _________ Fray de Las Casas.
In the stratified society of New Spain, _______________ were the New World offspring of Spanish men and women. creoles
In 1519, Charles I of Spain used his New World wealth to secure his selection as Charles V of __________. the Holy Roman Empire
Martin Luther initiated the __________ in 1517. Protestant Reformation
Charles V's successor was his son __________. Philip II

Section 3

Question Answer
English merchants used __________ to pool capital and share risks in trading voyages to Europe, Africa, and Asia. joint stock companies
James I's charter giving the Virginia Company of London over six million acres of land was, in effect, a royal license to poach on __________ claims. Spanish
Settlers sent __________ to trade for corn with Indian tribes upriver from Jamestown.Captain John Smith
The first commercial shipment of tobacco left ___________ in 1617. Virginia
___________ was the first European to encounter tobacco, a plant long-used by Native Americans. Christopher Columbus
In the northern Chesapeake region in 1632, King Charles I gave his friend ________________ 6.5 million acres for a Catholic colony. Lord Baltimore
With class distinctions polarizing colonists in the Chesapeake, Governor Berkeley attempted to avoid conflict by postponing elections for the _________________ for fifteen years. House of Burgesses
In 1676, ____________ was a reaction against Indian policy. Bacon's Rebellion
A __________ required all colonial exports to be shipped to British ports. Navigation Act
The northernmost outposts of Spanish settlement in North America were located in ________. Florida and New Mexico
________ led the Pueblo Revolt of 1680. Popé
Spanish colonists built their North American settlements with ________. forced Indian labor
The __________ exerted a powerful influence on the development of slavery in the mainland colonies. West Indies
_______________ and the proprietors of Carolina hoped to develop a profitable export crop. John Colleton
English officials associated Carolina with __________. Barbados

Section 4

Question Answer
At Henry VIII's insistence, Parliament's Act of ____________ outlawed the Catholic Church in England. Supremacy
The ______________ were English people who insisted on a thorough reformation. Puritans
Puritans wanted to eliminate the rituals of Catholic worship from the Church of England, emphasizing instead an individual's relationship with God developed through the study of the ______________. Bible
The first governor of the Plymouth colony was ______________. William Bradford
The tribe whose territory included Plymouth was the ____________. Wampanoag
The area that John Winthrop and his followers settled in became known as _______________. Boston
According to the doctrines of _________________, only God knew who the elect, or visible saints, were. John Calvin
To bring public life into conformity with their view of God, the Puritans refused to observe ______________. Christmas
The leaders of the parliamentary forces during the clash between King Charles I and Parliament were ________________. Puritans
New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania were originally _______________ colonies; that is, they were granted to one or more proprietors.proprietary
Peter Minuit, the resident director of the West India Company, purchased _______________ from the Manhate Indians. Manhattan Island
The Charter of ______________ stripped the colonial council of Pennsylvania of its powers and gave those powers to the assembly. Privileges
The colony of _________________had been a royal colony since 1624. Virginia
Inhabitants of the colony of New York rebelled against the royal government; the leader of the rebels, _________________, was executed when King William's governor of New York arrived in 1691. Jacob Leisler
Charles II sent ___________ to Boston to govern the Dominion of New England in 1686. Sir Edmund Andros

Section 5

Question Answer
__________ made up about three-fourths of colonial population growth. Natural increase
Of the following eighteenth-century immigrant groups, the smallest number came from __________. England
After almost a century of settlement, most colonists lived within fifty miles of __________. the Atlantic coastline
_________ commerce benefited the entire New England economy.Atlantic
The _______________ posed a significant threat New England colonies because of contested lands in the northern and western frontiers. Iroquois and Mohicans
Two-thirds of all New England's exports in the eighteenth century were sent to _______________.the West Indies
The largest contingent of migrants from the European continent to the middle colonies were _____Germans________.Germans
Scots-Irish immigrants tended to be militant __________ who seldom hesitated to swear loyalty oaths or bear arms. Presbyterians
The __________ dominated the lucrative fur trade of the St. Lawrence Valley and the eastern Great Lakes.Iroquois
The colonies in the upper south, surrounding the Chesapeake Bay, specialized in growing __________, as they had in the seventeenth century. tobacco
Until Georgia was founded in 1732, __________ was the sole British colony along the South Atlantic coast. South Carolina
Politically, the eighteenth-century southern ____________ became a self-perpetuating oligarchy. gentry
Many educated eighteenth-century colonists became __________. deists
In Massachusetts, during the mid-1730s, the fiery Puritan minister _______________ inspired religious fervor by emphasizing the Puritan belief that humans were sinful.Jonathan Edwards
____________ accounted for why colonists bought their imported goods exclusively from England. The Navigation Acts
________________ were hampered in their ability to develop relations of trust and respect with influential colonists because they served brief terms in office. Colonial governors
____________ was the Spanish priest who built missions in California. Junípero Serra
The behavior of Spanish soldiers and missionaries in California provoked uprisings by _________. Indians

Section 6

Question Answer
______________ and Thomas Hutchinson drew up the Albany Plan of Union, proposing a unified colonial governmental agency to coordinate defense and Indian affairs. Benjamin Franklin
The ______________ strategy in the Seven Years' War was to play the two European opponents off each other. Iroquois League's
The Seven Year's War finally turned around after the rise to power in 1757 of _________ as prime minister of England. William Pitt
In the 1760s, ______________ many ministers wrestled with the issue of how to service the war debt without violating what the colonists saw as their rights. George III's
The ______________ raised revenue by lowering the duty on molasses.Sugar Act
In Boston, resistance to the Stamp Act was spearheaded by ______________, a town politician. Samuel Adams
In 1770, ______________ removed all of the Townshend duties except for the tax on tea, a pointed reminder of Parliament's ultimate power.Lord North
The Boston ______________ dumped £10,000 sterling worth of tea into Boston harbor to protest the duties imposed on tea. Sons of Liberty
Delegates to the ______________ created the Continental Association, with chapters in each town, to enforce a limited trade boycott. First Continental Congress
In April 1775, English leaders ordered ______________ to arrest troublemakers quickly. General Thomas Gage
______________ was a slave and was an accomplished poet by the age of sixteen. Phillis Wheatley
By December of 1775, approximately 2,000 escaped slaves had joined Lord Dunmore's ______________ "Ethiopian Regiment."