US History Test 4 Questions

amwages's version from 2016-04-20 16:52

Section 1

Question Answer
Describe the elections of 1824 and 1828.1824: John Q. Adams won because he was backed by Henry Clay. 1828: Beginning of Modern politics- Jackson defeated J.Q. Adams with an electoral count of 178 to 83.
Explain why Southerners were angered at the Tariff of 1828? Possible federal interference with the institution of slavery. Southerners were still closely tied to the British West Indies and knew that the abolitionist movement in Great Britain was pressuring the West Indies to suppress slavery. Furthermore, the South felt that the “Yankee tariff” discriminated against them by forcing them to buy their manufactured goods in an American market heavily protected tariffs.
Why was the election of 1828 a disgraceful display of mudslinging?Both parties slurred at one another and their families. It is said that Rachel Jackson died of a broken heart even before she could become the First Lady. It was said that she was an adulterer even though she thought she had been given a divorce before she married Andrew Jackson.
Why did the 19th century historians damn Andrew Jackson as a backwoods barbarian?These historians criticized Jacksonianism as democracy run riot-an irresponsible, back country outburst that overturn the electoral system and raised hob with the national financial structure
Why did Andrew Jackson veto the rechartering of the Bank of the United States in 1832?Jackson distrusted the BUS because of personal prejudices. His veto condemned the bank as unconstitutional and anti-American.

Section 2

Question Answer
Describe frontier life during 1790 to 1860.Pioneer families were poorly fed, ill, and lived in hastily erected shanties. They were perpetual victims of disease, depression, and death. Above all, loneliness haunted them, especially the women, who often cracked under the strain.
In what ways did an economic evolution occur in the North and West from 1800 to 1860?Transition to a market economy, government promotion of economy, transportation and regionalization changed dramatically
In what ways did the South grow from 1800 to 1860? The rise of “King Cotton”: cotton was the major crop in the south. Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin and Alabama, Mississippi, and Arkansas became large cotton-growing states. This created a need for slave labor and huge numbers of slaves were brought into the south, which greatly increased the population. Economic development was slow in occurring since the plantation owners who had little hard cash placed their wealth in land and slaves. The south had to look to the North for manufacturing of the raw materials.
Discuss the harmony and tension that occurred in a slave society like the South. Slaves were vital to wealth, the number set the social status, and the number of slaves also affected the political power. Slaves weren’t even considered as human by most slave owners. They were only products to be bought and sold. For example, slave marriages left out the phrase “till death do us part” and changed it to “till distance do us part”. As a result, racial prejudice was common in the South.
Discuss the Texas Revolution, 1835-1836Texas was part of Mexico and 35,000 US citizens lived there. The Mexican government wanted them to become Mexican citizens, and to adopt the Catholic faith they had received land grants to live there. The Texans took up arms, and Mexico sent Santa Anna. The Texans were defeated at the Alamo; Davy Crockett and James Bowie died. In 1836 the Texans won at the Battle of San Jacinto. Sam Houston became a hero and was first president of the Republic of Texas.

Section 3

Question Answer
Describe “The Trail of Tears?”the treaty process by which the American government tried to put the Indians onto reservations. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 stated that Congress would provide the money to remove these tribes from Georgia,.20,000 Cherokee Indians were put into concentration groups and moved from Georgia to Oklahoma and ¼ of all the Native Americans died from diseases on the way. They were only given $68 million.
What were some of the undesirable by-products of urbanization in the 1840s?Urbanization intensified the problems of smelly slums, feeble street lighting,
What is transcendentalism?Truth transcends the senses
Why was the Erie Canal built?To link the Erie Canal to the Hudson River. Link Erie to the Hudson River