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US History final

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laurabockoff's version from 2017-06-15 11:38

Summary

Please answer these questions by clicking on the question marks:

Section 1

Question Answer
Which Supreme court case consisted of a man who was accused of distributing leaflets that had called the selective service draft a “deed against humanity” and compared conscription to slavery, urging conscripts to “assert your rights?"Schneck v. US
What type of combat used in ww1 was when opposing troops fight from trenches facing each other?Trench Warfare
Who consisted of the central powers?Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire
Who were the allied powers?Serbia, Russia, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, Belgium and the United States.
What was an international organization, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, created after the First World War to provide a forum for resolving international disputes?League of Nations
a telegram from the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico that was intercepted by British agents. The telegram proposed an alliance between Mexico and Germany and promised that if war with the United States broke out, Germany would support Mexico in recovering “lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.” This was a main cause of US entering WW1. What was this note called?Zimmerman Note
Who established a totalitarian regime in Italy, where unemployment and inflation produced bitter strikes, some communist-ledMussolini
This was a genocide in which some six million European Jews were killed by Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany, and the World War II collaborators with the Nazis. The victims included 1.5 million children, and constituted about two-thirds of the nine million Jews who had resided in Continental Europe.The Holocaust
What was this called when people established fixed allotments of goods deemed essential for the military?Rationing
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
This was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base in Hawaii TerritoryPearl Harbor
Who believed and advocated for these four freedoms: Freedom of speech, Freedom of worship, Freedom from want, Freedom from fear?FDR
What was the turning point in the war; day of invasion of Normandy - June 6, 1944; over 9,000 soldiers died. Significant because the US advanced into FranceD-Day
What Japanese tactic was this in which Japanese pilots crashed their bomb-laden planes into Allied ships? A "suicide plane".Kamikaze
Who was in charge of the Manhattan Project?Robert Oppenheimer
What is the political system in which the government has total control over the lives of individual citizens?Totalitarianism
Name the Allied powers of WW2The main Allied powers were Great Britain, The United States, China, and the Soviet Union.
This German dictator during World War II was a Nazi leader and founder; had over 6 million Jews assassinated during the HolocaustAdolf Hitler
Name this event: A city in northern France on the North Sea where in World War II, 330,000 Allied troops had to be evacuated from the beaches in a desperate retreat under enemy fire.Dunkirk
Leader of the Communist Party in China that overthrew Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalists. Established China as the People's Republic of China and ruled from 1949 until 1976.Mao Zedong
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
What policy is this: a law passed in 1941 that allowed the United States to ship arms and other supplies, without immediate payment, to nations fighting the Axis powersLend-Lease Policy
What were war bonds?debt securities issued by a government to finance military operations and other expenditure in times of war
What theory is this called: the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist controlDomino theory
This was a a massive surprise attack by the Vietcong on South Vietnamese towns and cities in early 1968.Tet offensive
This was an organization whose goal it was to win Vietnam's independence from foreign rule; originated 1945.Vietminh
What college were the shootings of unarmed college students protesting the Vietnam War?Kent State
memorize

Section 4

Question Answer
Who was the only president in history to ever resign?Nixon
What is the definition of impeachment?a charge of misconduct made against the holder of a public office
___________________________was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.Brown v. BOE
What is this action commonly known as: the refusal to comply with certain laws or to pay taxes and fines, as a peaceful form of political protest.Civil Disobediance
civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States to challenge segregation were called: ______________________Freedom Riders
This man was a pastor and a lawyer. He was a major advocate in the civil rights movement. He led March on Washington and gave the "I have a dream speech". He was also jailed in Birmingham, Alabama where he wrote a famous letter. Who is this man?MLK
A group of government programs and policies established under President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930s; It was designed to improve conditions for persons suffering in the Great Depression. (REVIEW QUESTION)New Deal
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