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US Citizenship Guide

Updated 2009-07-10 01:26

US Citizenship Guide

What are the colors of our flag?Red, white and blue
What do the stars on the flag mean?One for each state
How many stars are there on our flag?50
What color are the stars on our flag?White
How many stripes are there on our flag?13
What do the stripes on the flag represent?The first 13 states
What colors are the stripes on the flag?Red and white
How many states are there in the Union (the United States)?50
What do we celebrate on the 4th of July?Independence Day
Independence Day celebrates independence from whom?Great Britain


Question Answer
What country did we fight during the Revolutionary War?Great Britain
Who was the first president of the United States?George Washington
Who is the President of the United States today?Barack Obama
Who is the Vice President of the United States today?Joseph Biden
Who elects the President of the United States?The Electoral College
Who becomes President if the President dies?The Vice President
What is the Constitution?The supreme law of the land
What do we call changes to the Constitution?Amendments
How many changes, or amendments, are there to the Constitution?27
What are the three branches of our government?Executive, Judicial and Legislative


Question Answer
What is the legislative branch of our Government?Congress
What makes up Congress?The senate and the House of Representatives
Who makes the Federal laws in the United States?Congress
Who elects Congress?The citizens of the United States
How many Senators are there in Congress?100
For how long do we elect each Senator?6 years


Question Answer
Name two Senators from your state.Find at the Senate website
How many voting members are in the House of Representatives?435
For how long do we elect each member of the House of Representatives?2 years
Who is the head of the Executive Branch of the U.S. Government?The President


Question Answer
For how long is the President elected?4 years
What is the highest part of the Judiciary Branch of our Government?The Supreme Court
What are the duties of the Supreme Court?To interpret and explain the laws
What is the supreme law of the United States?The Constitution
What is the Bill of Rights?The first 10 amendments of the Constitution
What is the capital of the state you live in?Research your state
Who is the current Governor of the state you live in?Research your state
Who becomes President if both the President and Vice President die?Speaker of the House
Who is Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?John Roberts


Question Answer
What were the original 13 states?New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia.
Who said, “Give me liberty or give me death”?Patrick Henry
Name some countries that were our enemies during World War II.Germany, Italy and Japan
What was the 49th state added to our Union (the United States)?Alaska
How many full terms can a President serve?2
Who was Martin Luther King, Jr.?A civil rights leader
What are some of the requirements to be eligible to become President?1)Be natural born citizens, 2)Be at least 35 years old, 3)Have lived in the United States for at least 14 years
Why are there 100 Senators in the United States Senate?Each state elects two
Who nominates judges for the Supreme Court?The President
How many Supreme Court justices are there?9
Why did the Pilgrims come to America?To gain religious freedom
What is the executive of a state government called?Governor
What is the head executive of a city government called?Mayor


Question Answer
What holiday was celebrated for the first time by American colonists?Thanksgiving
Who was the main writer of the Declaration of Independence?Thomas Jefferson
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?July 4, 1776
What are some of the basic beliefs of the Declaration of Independence?That all men are created equal and have the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
What is the national anthem of the United States?The Star-Spangled Banner
Who wrote The Star-Spangled Banner?Francis Scott Key
What is the minimum voting age in the United States?18
Who signs bills into law?The President
What is the highest court in the United States?Supreme Court
Who was President during the Civil War?Abraham Lincoln
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?It freed the slaves
What special group advises the President?The Cabinet
Which President is called the “Father of our Country”?George Washington


Question Answer
Which President was the first Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. Army and Navy?George Washington
What was the 50th state to be added to our Union (the United States)?Hawaii
Who helped the Pilgrims in America?The American Indians/Native Americans
What is the name of the ship that brought the Pilgrims to America?The MayFlower
What were the 13 original states of the United States called before they were states?Colonies


Question Answer
What group has the power to declare war?Congress
Name the amendments that guarantee or address voting rights.14th, 15th, 19th, 24th and 26th
In what year was the Constitution written?1787
What are the first 10 amendments to the Constitution called?The Bill of Rights
Whose rights are guaranteed by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights?All people living in the United States
What is the introduction to the Constitution called?The Preamble
Who meets in the U.S. Capitol building?Congress
What is the name of the President’s official home?The White House
Where is the White House located?Washington, DC (1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W.)
Name one right or freedom guaranteed by the first amendment.The rights of freedom: 1)Of speech, 2)Of religion, 3)Of assembly and, 4)To petition the Government


Question Answer
Who is Commander-in-Chief of the United States military?The President
In what month do we vote for the President?November
In what month is the new President inaugurated?January
How many times may a Senator or Congressman be re-elected?No limit
What are the two major political parties in the United States today?Democratic and Republican
What is the executive branch of our government?The president, the Cabinet and departments under the cabinet members
Where does freedom of speech come from?The Bill of Rights
What U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services form is used to apply for naturalized citizenship?Form N-400 (Application for Naturalization)
What kind of government does the United States have?A Republic
Name one of the purposes of the United Nations.For countries to discuss and try to resolve world problems or to provide economic aid to many countries


Question Answer
Name one benefit of being a citizen of the United States.To obtain Federal Government jobs, to travel with a U.S. passport, or to petition for close relatives to come to the United States to live
Can the Constitution be changed?Yes
What is the most important right granted to United States citizens?The right to vote
What is the White House?The President's official home
What is the United States Capitol?The place where Congress meets
How many branches are there in the United States government?3
What is the date of Independence Day?July 4th
What are the duties of Congress?To make laws
Name 3 rights of freedom guaranteed by the Bill of Rights.1)The right of freedom of speech, press, religion, peaceable assembly, and requesting change of government. 2) The right to bear arms (the right to have weapons or own a gun, though subject to certain regulations). 3) The right to trial by jury in most cases.
Which President freed the slaves?Abraham Lincoln
What is the United States Capital?The place where Congress meets
When were first 10 amendments (bill of rights) ratified?1791
Who designed the first American flag and when?Betsy Ross in 1776


Question Answer
Why do we say the Pledge of Allegiance?To respect for the flag and for the United States.
What do the colors in the flag mean?Red for courage, white for truth and blue for justice.
What is the first Constitution called?Articles of Confederation.
What were the principles of Constitution?Liberty, equality and justice for all.
Who is the sheriff of your county?Research the country you live in
Why do you want to be a United States citizen?1)Right to vote, 2)Travel freely to many countries with US passport
What is a republic?It is a government elected by the people
How do cabinet officers get their positions?They are appointed by the President with consent of the Senate
How long do cabinet officers serve?As long as the president wishes
Why do we have three branches of government?Three branches of government divide government power
When did your state become a state?Research the state you live in
How many electoral votes does your state have for President?Number of senators (2) + no. of representatives in your state
What are the principles of the Constitution?Liberty, equality and justice


Question Answer
Who were the first three presidents?a) George Washington, b) John Adams, c) Thomas Jefferson
Which Presidents were assassinated (killed) in office?a. Abraham Lincoln, b. James Garfield, c. William McKinley, d. John F. Kennedy
How many United States Representatives does each state have?The number of United States Representatives from each state depends on the population of the state.
How many United States representatives does your state have?Research the state you live in
Why is the Declaration of Independence important?It is the beginning of the United States
Who was Abraham Lincoln?He was the 16th President. He served during the Civil war.
Can you become president? Why?No. I am not a native-born United States citizen.
What is the cabinet?It is a group of 15 people who help the President enforce the laws.
What form or what kind of government does the United States have?The United States government is a republic or a democracy.
Who makes the laws for your states?Research the state you live in
How many parts of the legislative branch of your state government?Research the state you live in
What are the parts of the legislative branch of your state government called?Research the state you live in
What is the Governor's job?To enforce the laws of the state
Who makes the laws for your county?Board of Supervisors
What is "Pledge of Allegiance"?We show our loyalty to the flag with the following "Pledge of Allegiance", authored by Francis Bellamy in 1892.
I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America
And to the Republic for which it stands
One nation under God, indivisible
With liberty and justice for all