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Urinary System Test

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homidoku's version from 2017-01-24 22:45

Section 1

Question Answer
ur/o, urin/ourine
-uriaurination, urine condition
Albumin/oalbumin
Azot/0nitrogen
Bacteri/obacteria
Dips/othirst
Ket/o, Keton/oketone bodies
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
Lith/ostone
Noct/inight
Olig/oscanty
-poetinsubstances that form
py/opus
-tripsyto crush
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
Tiny surrounding glomerulus receives filtered material from blood.Bowman's Capsule
Two tubes carrying urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder.Ureters
Tubes leading from the bowman's capsule.Renal tubules
Inner region of the kidney.Medulla
Muscular sac that serves as a reservoir for urine.Urinary bladder
Cup-like division of the renal pelvis that receives urine from the renal turbules.Calice
memorize

Section 4

Question Answer
Tubes that carry urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.Urethra
Central urine collecting basin in the kidneys that narrows into the ureter.Renal pelvis
Capillaries in which materials in the blood are filtered in the bowman's capsule.Glomerulus
Outer region of the kidney.Cortex
Abnormal particles present in the urine. cells, bacteria, crystals.Sediment
High levels of this substance appear in urine when a baby is born. Causes mental retardation.PKU - Phenylketonuria
memorize

Section 5

Question Answer
Smokey, red urine.Hematuria
Turbid or cloudy urine with pus.Pyuria
Sugar in the urine.Glycosuria
Acidic or alkalidic urine.PH Balance
High levels of acetone and acids accumulate abnormal fat and metabolism.Ketonuria
Dark pigment accumulates in the urine as a result of liver or gallbladder disease.Bilirubinuria
memorize

Section 6

Question Answer
A test that measures the concentration of urine.Specific gravity
Accumulation of protein in the urine.Albuminuria
The order of the main urinary system organs.Kidneys, ureter, urinary bladder, and urethra
Amount that adults void daily1.5 - 2.5 liters daily
The path that urine travels from the renal arterioles to the point at which the urine leaves the body.1. Renal arteries, 2. glomerulus, 3. Bowman's capsule, 4. renal tubules, 5. renal pelvis, 6. ureter, 7. urinary bladder, 8. urethra, 9. renal meatus
memorize

Section 7

Question Answer
GlucoseNL (-) Diabetes - hyperthyroidism
BilirubinNL (-) Liver - cirrhosis, hepatitis
KentonesNL (-) Diabetes - excessive vomiting, diabetic acidosis, starvation
Specific gravityNL (1.01 - 1.025) Kidneys - concentrating ability of kidneys
BloodNL (-) Kidneys - renal calculi, sever burns, strenious exercise
memorize

Section 8

Question Answer
PHNL (4.5 - 8) Kidneys - Metabolic disorders, respiratory disease, UTI treatment
ProteinNL (-) Kidnes - renal disease, muscle injury, high protein diet
UrobilinogenNL (2mg/dL) Liver - hepatities, cirrhosis, liver disease
NitratesNL (-) UTI - cystitis, long standing specimen, antibodies
LeukocytesNL (-) Infections - cystitis, inflammation of urinary tract, organ transplant rejection
memorize

Section 9

Question Answer
anuriawithout urine
dysuriapainful urination
uremiawastes in the urine
diuresisincreased urine production
enuresisinvoluntary release of urine
incontinenceinability to retain urine
memorize

Section 10

Question Answer
nocturiaexcessive urination during the night
polyruiaexcretion of large amounts of urine
polydipsiaexcessive thirst
oliguriascanty or small amounts of urine
retentioninability to empty the bladder
urgencyfeeling the need to urinate immediately
frequencythe need to urinate often - no increased output
memorize