Urinary System Key Med. Terms

bniles20's version from 2017-05-02 03:38


Question Answer
CystoceleHernia of the urinary bladder
CystoscopyA procedure in which a cystoscope is inserted into the urethra to examine the structures through which it passes. Used for evaluation of urinary bladder problems.
Diabetic Kidney DiseaseDisorder caused by Diabetes Mellitus in which glomeruli are damaged resulting in leakage of proteins into the urine and a reduction in the kidney's ability to remove water and waste
DiureticsSubstances that slow renal absorption of water and cause diuresis. Often prescribed to treat hypertension. Caffeine and alcohol are natural examples.
DysuriaPainful urination
EnuresisInvoluntary voiding of urine after the age at which voluntary control has typically been attained
HydronephrosisSwelling of the kidney due to dilation of renal pelvis as a result of an obstruction to the flow of urine. Can be congenital abnormality, narrow ureter, kidney stone, or enlarged prostate.
Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP)X-Ray of kidneys, ureters, and urinary bladder after injection of radiopaque contrast medium
NephropathyAny disease of the kidneys
Nocturnal EnuresisDischarge of urine during sleep resulting in bed wetting. Occurs in about 15% of 5-year-olds and generally resolves spontaneously. Possible causes include smaller than normal urinary bladder, and above normal urine production at night.
NocturiaThe need to wake up and pass urine at night. Becomes more common as people age. Can cause disruptions in a normal sleep cycle. Possible causes range from drinking too many fluids before bed to medical conditions like sleep apnea
PolyuriaExcessive urine formation. May occur in conditions such as diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidous, and glomerulonephritis
StrictureNarrowing of lumen of canal or hollow organ, as may occur in the ureter, urethra, or any other tubular structure in the body
UremiaToxic levels of uria in blood resulting in severe malfunction of kidneys.
Urinary RetentionFailure to completely or normally void urine: may be due to obstruction in urethra or neck of urinary bladder, to nervous contraction of the urethra or lack of urge to urinate.
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)Infection of part of the urinary system or presence of large numbers of microbes in urine, more common in females due to shorter length of the urethra. Symptoms include painful burning with urination, urgent/frequent urination, low back pain, and bed wetting