Unit 3 (Ancient Egypt) Test Review

lugeyoka's version from 2015-06-16 23:28


Question Answer
Why did the ancient Egyptians respect their pharaohs so much? (What did they think the pharaohs were?)They thought that their pharaohs were god-kings.
Why did the ancient Egyptians build pyramids?As tombs for their pharaohs
Why was Lower Egypt NORTH of Upper Egypt?Because the Nile River flowed North
Why did the Ancient Nubians have to rely so much on trade?The Nubians had a shortage of farmland.
Why was the Nile River important to the ancient Egyptians?It was a source life. They got water, food, trade routes, and fertile soil from the river.
Why were floods and harvests important to the ancient Egyptians?Floods and harvests allowed them to survive and grow crops in the fertile soil.
Why did the ancient Egyptians practice mummification?They believed it would allow them to be recognized in the afterlife and to return for food sacrifices.
What geographic features (landforms) helped protect ancient Egypt?Hot sand
Why was the discovery of King Tutankhamen’s tomb important?It allowed archaeologists to study the items that were buried with him.
What were the social classes in Ancient Egypt?Pharaohs, royal officials, craftsmen, peasants
Who did the ancient Egyptians believe determined the flooding of the Nile River?The Pharaoh
What term describes the three languages that are written on the Rosetta Stone?Cultural Diffusion
What is silt?Fine soil found on the bottom of the Nile River
What is papyrus?The "paper" material used by the Ancient Egyptians for writing
What are hieroglyphics?The writing system of the Ancient Egyptians that used picture symbols
What is a regent?A person that "stands in" for a pharaoh until he/she is of age to rule
What is the Rosetta Stone?A stone slab found by a French soldier that allowed Egyptologists to decipher hieroglyphics (the stone had Greek, Demotic, and hieroglyphic writing)
What is polytheism?Belief in many gods
What is monotheism?Belief in one god
What is a scribe?A professional writer
What is a command economy?An economic system in which all decisions are made by the ruler of a government
What is specialization?The product or skill that an area/person is known for (their job, the product they mainly sell, etc.)
What is opportunity cost?Opportunity costs are what you give up based on a decision that you've made. (Example: Let's pretend that you have $5 and an apple, a pear, and an orange each cost $5. You decide to buy the apple. The orange and the pear are your opportunity costs because that is what you gave up buying because you bought the apple.)
How is the economic question "what to produce?" answered?The product being made
How is the economic question "how to produce?" answered?The process of making a product
How is the economic question "for whom to produce?" answered?The people that will use the product
What is irrigation?A system where people dig trenches or canals to bring water from rivers to their farms
What is cultural diffusion?The spread of culture/ideas
What is a surplus?More than what is needed
What is a social class?A group of people with similar backgrounds, incomes, and ways of living
What is agriculture?Farming
What are physical features?Features found in the ground/on earth (NOT made by humans) (Examples: mountains, rivers, lakes)
What are natural resources?Resources found in the ground/on earth (NOT made by humans) (Example: stone)
What are the 5 characteristics of a civilization?1. Advanced Technology, 2. Advanced Cities, 3. Specialized Workers, 4. Government, 5. Written Language
What is a pull factor?Something that makes people want to move to an area (it PULLS them in)
What is a push factor?Something that makes people leave an area (it PUSHES them away)