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Unit 1 Intro to Earth

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mrsspence's version from 2016-01-22 22:28

Section 1

Question Answer
The branch of science that deals with the study of the universeAstronomy
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moonAtmosphere
A graph that uses either vertical or horizontal bars to display countable dataBar Graph
Consists of all the living things on earthBiosphere
Official unit for temperatureCelsius
A line on a topographic map that connects points of equal elevationContou Line
A standard of comparison for checking or verifying the results of an experiementControl
Mass/VolumeDensity
The variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variableDependent Variable
An imaginary line that circles the earth halfway between the North and South Pole at 0 degreesEquator
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Section 2

Question Answer
The scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of earth. Includes the crust, mantle, and coreGeology
Energy that is transferred as a consequence of temperature differencesHeat
All the water at and near the surface of the earth. 97% of which is in oceansHydrosphere
A scientific explanation for a set of observations that can be tested in ways that support or reject it.Hypothesis
The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studiedIndependent Variable
A conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoningInference
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Section 3

Question Answer
Distance north and south of the equator Latitude
Meter Length
A graph that uses line segments to show changes that occur over timeLine Graph
Distance east of west of the prime meridian, measured in degreesLongitude
A measure of the amount of matter in an objectMass
Science dealing with the atmosphere and weatherMeteorology
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Section 4

Question Answer
An international system of measurement based on multiples of ten. Also called International SystemMetric System
Information obtained through the sensesObservation
A science that deals with and studies the oceanOceanography
A graph that best shows part of a wholePie Graph
An imaginary line passing through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England, which marks the 0 degree line of longitudePrime Meridian
A logical approach to solving problems by observing, collecting data, formulating hypothesis, testing hypothesis, and formulating theories that are suppoorted by dataScientific Process
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Section 5

Question Answer
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an objectTemperature
SecondsTime
A map that shows the shape of the ground as well as location and elevation of surface features using contour linesTopographic Map
A factor that can change in an experimentVariable
Amount of space occupied by an objectVolume
Capable of providing a correct reading or measurementAccuracy
Exact, as in performance, execute, or amountPrecision
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