Unit 1 Intro to Earth

mrsspence's version from 2016-01-22 22:28

Section 1

Question Answer
The branch of science that deals with the study of the universeAstronomy
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moonAtmosphere
A graph that uses either vertical or horizontal bars to display countable dataBar Graph
Consists of all the living things on earthBiosphere
Official unit for temperatureCelsius
A line on a topographic map that connects points of equal elevationContou Line
A standard of comparison for checking or verifying the results of an experiementControl
The variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variableDependent Variable
An imaginary line that circles the earth halfway between the North and South Pole at 0 degreesEquator

Section 2

Question Answer
The scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of earth. Includes the crust, mantle, and coreGeology
Energy that is transferred as a consequence of temperature differencesHeat
All the water at and near the surface of the earth. 97% of which is in oceansHydrosphere
A scientific explanation for a set of observations that can be tested in ways that support or reject it.Hypothesis
The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studiedIndependent Variable
A conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoningInference

Section 3

Question Answer
Distance north and south of the equator Latitude
Meter Length
A graph that uses line segments to show changes that occur over timeLine Graph
Distance east of west of the prime meridian, measured in degreesLongitude
A measure of the amount of matter in an objectMass
Science dealing with the atmosphere and weatherMeteorology

Section 4

Question Answer
An international system of measurement based on multiples of ten. Also called International SystemMetric System
Information obtained through the sensesObservation
A science that deals with and studies the oceanOceanography
A graph that best shows part of a wholePie Graph
An imaginary line passing through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England, which marks the 0 degree line of longitudePrime Meridian
A logical approach to solving problems by observing, collecting data, formulating hypothesis, testing hypothesis, and formulating theories that are suppoorted by dataScientific Process

Section 5

Question Answer
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an objectTemperature
A map that shows the shape of the ground as well as location and elevation of surface features using contour linesTopographic Map
A factor that can change in an experimentVariable
Amount of space occupied by an objectVolume
Capable of providing a correct reading or measurementAccuracy
Exact, as in performance, execute, or amountPrecision