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Union Territories

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santhoshv339's version from 2017-02-12 16:33

Section 1

Question Answer
Under Article 1 of the constitution the territory of India comprises of ?a)Territories of States b) Union territories c) Territories that may be acquired by India at any time
In 1874 certain areas were constituted as ?scheduled districts
Scheduled districts during British rule later came to be known as ?chief commissioners provinces
After independence chief commissioners provinces were placed in the category of ?Part ‘C’ and Part ‘D’ states
In 1956 Part ‘C’ and Part ‘D’ states were constituted by the 7th Constitutional Amendment Act (1956) and the States Reorganisation Act (1956) as ?‘union territories’
Which former Union territories later became states ?Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Goa
Which territories were constituted as the union territories ?territories that were acquired from the Portuguese (Goa, Daman and Diu, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli) and the French (Puducherry)
Till 1973 Lakshadweep was known by the name of ?Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands
Why were union territories created ?Political and administrative consideration, Cultural distinctiveness, Strategic importance, Special treatment and care of the backward and tribal people
Which union territories were created for Political and administrative consideration ?Delhi and Chandigarh
Which union territories were created for Cultural distinctiveness?Puducherry, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Daman and Diu
Which union territories were created for Strategic importance?Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep
Which union territories were created for Special treatment and care of the backward and tribal people?Mizoram, Manipur, Tripura and Arunachal Pradesh
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
Which part and articles of the Constitution deal with the union territories ?Articles 239 to 241 in Part VIII
Every union territory is administered by ?President acting through an administrator appointed by him
Is an UT Administrator head of state like a governor ?No , An administrator of a union territory is an agent of the President
Who specifies the designation of an administrator ?President
Lieutenant Governor is designation in ?Delhi, Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Administrator is designation in ?Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu and Lakshadweep
Can the President appoint the governor of a state as the administrator of an adjoining union territory ?Yes and in that capacity, the governor acts independently of his council of ministers.
Which union territories have legislature with a council of ministers headed by a chief minister ?Union Territories of Puducherry (in 1963) and Delhi (in 1992)
Do the establishment of legislatures in Delhi and Puducherry territories diminish the supreme control of the president and Parliament over them ?No
The Parliament can make laws on which lists ?Any subject of the three lists (including the State List) for the union territories (including Delhi and Puducherry)
Can the legislative assembly of Puducherry make laws on any subject of the State List and the Concurrent List ?Yes
Can the legislative assembly of Delhi make laws on any subject of the State List and the Concurrent List ?Yes - except public order, police and land
Who can make regulations for the peace, progress and good government of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Daman and Diu ?Yes
In which UT with legislature can president legislate by making regulations and when ?Puducherry - but only when the assembly is suspended or dissolved
Does a regulation made bt president have the same force and effect as an act of Parliament ?Yes
Can President repeal or amend any act ofParliament in relation to these union territories ?Yes
Who can establish a high court for a union territory or put it under the jurisdiction of the high court of adjacent state ?Parliament
Which is the only union territory that has a high court of its own ?Delhi
Does the constitution have any seperate provisions for the administration of acquired territories ?No But, the constitutional provisions for the administration of union territories also apply to the acquired territories.
memorize

SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR DELHI

Question Answer
Which Constitutional Amendment provided a special status to the Union Territory of Delhi, and redesignated it the National Capital Territory of Delhi and designated the administrator of Delhi as the lieutenant (lt.) governor ?69th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1991
Which Constitutional Amendment provided a legislative assembly and a council of ministers for Delhi ?69th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1991
Before 69th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1991 Delhi had a ?metropolitan council and an executive council
The strength of the assembly is fixed at ?70 members, directly elected by the people
The elections for Delhi are conducted by ?the election commission of India
In which matters can Delhi Legislative assembly make laws ?All the matters of the State List and the Concurrent List except the three matters of the State List, that is, public order, police and land
If Parliament makes a law on a matter already made by Delhi legislate assembly ?Laws of Parliament prevail over those made by the Assembly
The strength of the council of ministers is fixed at ?ten per cent of the total strength of the assembly that is seven—one chief minister and six other ministers
The chief minister is appointed by ?President (not by the lt. governor)
The other ministers are appointed by ?president on the advice of the chief minister
The ministers hold office till?during the pleasure of the president
The council of ministers is collectively responsible to the ?assembly
Who advise the lt governor ?The council of ministers headed by the chiefminister aid and advise the lt. governor in the exercise of his functions except in so far as he is required to act in his discretion
In the case of difference of opinion between the lt. governor and his ministers what should the lt. governor do ?Refer the matter to the president for decision and act accordingly
When a situation arises in which the administration of the territory cannot be carried on in accordance with the Constitutional provisions what can the president do ? The president can suspend their (above provisions) operation and make the necessary incidental or consequential provisions for administering the territory ie in case of failure of Constitutional machinery the president can impose his rule in the territory
Is the report of lt governor required for imposing President rule ?President rule can be imposed on the report of the lt. governor or otherwise -This provision resembles Article 356 which deals with the imposition ofPresident’s Rule in the states - so not 356 itself
Who promulages ordinances ?The Lt. governor is empowered to promulgate ordinances during recess of the assembly. An ordinance has the same force as an act of the assembly
Every ordinance by Lt governor must be approved by the assembly within ?six weeks from its reassembly
Can the lt governor withdraw an ordinance at any time ?yes
Can the lt governor promulgate an ordinance when the assembly is dissolved or suspended ?yes
Can an ordinance be promulgated or withdrawn without the prior permission ofthe President ?yes
memorize

ADVISORY COMMITTEES OF UNION TERRITORIES

Question Answer
Which is the nodal ministry for all matters of Union Territories relating to legislation, finance and budget, services and appointment ofLt. Governors and Administrators ?Under the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules 1961, Ministry of Home Affairs is the
Which UTs have the forum of Home Minister’s Advisory Committee ?All the five UTs without a legislature
Who are the members of the Home Minister’s Advisory Committee ?besides the Administrator and Member of Parliament from the respective Union Territory, members from the local elected bodies, e.g., District Panchayats and Municipal Council / Committees are nominated as members
Meetings of the HMAC are chaired by ?Union Home Minister, or, in his absence, by the Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs
What is the role of the Committee ?discusses the general issues relating to social and economic development ofthe Union territories
memorize

Union territory and High courts

TerritoryUnder Which high court
Andaman and Nicobar IslandsCalcutta High Court
ChandigarhPunjab and Haryana High Court
Dadra and Nagar HaveliBombay High Court
Daman and DiuBombay High Court
DelhiSeparate High Court
LakshadweepKerala High Court
Puducherry Madras High Court
memorize