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UNDERSTANDING

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baejuhyeoned's version from 2018-11-07 14:26

LESSON 2

Question Answer
Principles of PsychologyBook of William James
(1) its constituents; (2) the feelings and emotions they arouse—self-feelings (3) the actions to which they prompt—self-seeking and self-preservationDifferent components of UTS by William James
Self feelingsThe feelings they arouse
Self seeking & Self preventionThe actions to which they prompt
Constituents of selfare composed of the material self, the social self, the spiritual self, and the pure ego.
Material selfprimarily is about our bodies, clothes, immediate family, and home.
The more we identify ourselves to it.The more investment of self-given to the particular thing, _______
BodyInnermost part of our material self
ClothesSecond hierarchy part of material self
Clothingform of self expression
MicrocosmusBook of Herman Lotze
Immediate familyThird hierarchy of material self
HomeFourth component of material self
HomeEarliest nest of childhood
Russel BelkHe said that “…we regard our possessions as part of ourselves. We are what we have and what we posses.”
DecreasesAs we grow older, putting importance to material possession ____________
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LESSON 3

Question Answer
Rebecca Steinworks on the definition of religion “as a set of cultural beliefs and practices that usually includes some or all of basic characteristics”
(1) Belief in anthropomorphic being, (2) Focus on sacred supernatural, (3) Presence of supernatural power, (4) Performance of ritual activities, (5) Articulation of worldview and moral codes, (6) Provide creation and maintenance of social bonds6 CHARACTERISTICS OF RELIGION ACCDG TO REBECCA STEIN
Ritualperformance of ceremonial acts prescribed by a tradition or sacred law
RitualSpecific, observable mode of behavior exhibited by all known societies
RitualA system of symbolic acts
(1) Feeling of respect to the sacred, (2) Dependence upon belief system, (3) Symbolic in relation to its reference3 CHARACTERISTICS OF RITUALS ACCDG TO PENNER
Selfcan be described as a ritual being who exhibits a striking parallel between their ritual and verbal behavior
Participation to ritualsexpressions of religious beliefs
(1) Buddhism, (2) Christianity, (3) Islam, (4) JudaismMAJOR WORLD RELIGIONS
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Question Answer
Buddhismbelieves that life is not a bed of roses but instead believes that there are suffering, pain and frustrations
(1) Samatha, (2) Vipassana2 TYPES OF MEDITATION PRACTICES OF BUDDHISM
Samathapracticed as mindfulness of breathing and development of loving-kindness (Metta Bhavana)
Vipassanapractices aim at developing insight into reality
Studying Buddha’s teachings (Dharma)How to acquire wisdom in Buddhism?
(1) Parinirvana Day, (2) Buddha Day or Wesak, (3) Dharma Day, (4) Padmasambhava Day, (5) Sangha Day5 MAJOR BUDDHIST CELEBRATIONS
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Question Answer
Christianitybelieves in the Trinitarian God
(1) God the Father, (2) God the Son, (3) God the Holy SpiritTHREE PERSONAS OF GOD
Faith in Jesus ChristEternal life after death will be achieved through this
Jesus ChristGod the Son
Jesus ChristCame into flesh to spread the Good News of Salvation
Jesus ChristDied on the Cross for the sin of the humanity but resurrected from the death so that anyone who believes in Him will be saved and have eternal life
Holy Bibleselection of books
Holy BibleDivided into to books which are the Old Testament and the New Testament
Sacrament of Baptismsymbolizes the birth in Christian World
Sacrament of Communionan act of remembrance of Jesus Christ’s sacrificial love
Loving the poor, oppressed and outcast of the societyHow is the Jesus Christ teaching in conditional love expressed?
(1) Christmas, (2) Resurrection Sunday or EasterTWO MAJOR CELEBRATIONS IN CHRISTIANITY
ChristmasDecember 25
ChristmasCommemorates the birth of Jesus Christ
Resurrection Sunday (Easter)Celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ from death
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Question Answer
Hinduismcovers a wide range of traditional beliefs and religious groups
HinduismNo single founder or leader
HinduismBelieve that existence is a cycle of birth, death and rebirth governed by Karma
Karmaa concept where reincarnated life will depend on how the past life was spent
Vedassacred scriptures of Hindus
(1) Mahabharata, (2) RamayanaTWO IMPORTANT TEXT OF HINDUS
DiwaliFestival of Lights
NavratiFestival of Nine Nights, celebrate the triumph of good over evil
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Question Answer
Islambelieve in the unity and universality of God
Islam“willing submission to God”
Allah“One God”
Ummahstrong sense of community
Mohammedconsidered as the last and final prophet sent by God
MohammedBorn in Mecca in 570 CE
MohammedReceived revelations by God through Angel Gabriel over a period of 23 years
Quranholy book of Islam
QuranTaught to be recited in Arabic because any translation is seen as inadequate
(1) Shahadah, (2) Salat, (3) Zakat, (4) Hajj, (5) Sawm5 PILLARS OF ISLAM
Shahadahstatement of faith: “ There is no God but the one true God and Mohammed is his messenger.”
Salatthe prayer that is practiced five times a day
Zakatthe monetary offering for the benefit of the poor
ZakatComprises the 2.5% of a Muslim’s assets
Hajjthe yearly pilgrimage to Mecca
Sawmthe fasting
Ramadanduring this celebration, they do fasting
RamadanNinth month of the Islamic lunar calendar
RamadanThe fast is from dawn to sunset
(1) Eidul-Fitr, (2) Eidul-AdhaTWO MAJOR FESTIVALS IN ISLAM
Eidul-Fitr celebration of end of Ramadan
Eidul-Adhacelebration of completion of Pilgrimage, the Hajj
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Question Answer
JudaismJews believe in the coming of Messiah
God of AbrahamGod that liberated the Hebrew slaves from Egypt to Canaan through the leadership of Moses, and later Joshua
Canaanthe promised land
TorahThe sacred scripture of Jews
Torah“The Law”
TorahIs the guide of Jewish living
(1) Rosh Hashanah, (2) Yom Kippur, (3) Pesach, (4) Shavuot, (5) Sukkot5 MAJOR FESTIVALS OF JEWS
Rosh Hashanahthe New Year
Yom Kippurthe day of Atonement
PesachPassover
ShavuotPentecost
SukkotTabernacles
Friday evening at sunsetThe Jewish Sabbath begins on
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Jewish Sabbath is an important time when families gather for the Shabbat meal.

 

Question Answer
Dr. Viktor E. FranklFather of Logotheraphy
Logotheraphypsychotheraphy introduced by Dr. Viktor Frankl
LogotheraphyMain belief is that “man’s primary motivational force is search for meaning”
LogotheraphyAids individuals to find personal meaning of life, whatever life situation they may be
(1) Life has meaning under all circumstances, (2) The main motivation for living is our will to find meaning in life, (3) Freedom to find meaning3 basic concepts of Franklian Psychology
(1) Become aware of spiritual resources, (2) Make conscious spiritual resources, (3) Use “defiant power of the human spirit” and stand up against adversity.3 Franklian Psychology aims to
LoveThe ultimate factor to find the meaning of life is
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LESSON 4

Question Answer
The Filipino HospitalityFilipinos welcome their guests and tourists as if they are their own brothers and sisters. They always make their guests feel at home, offering them something to eat, or even a place to stay.
Respect for EldersFilipinos greet their elders by kissing their hand while saying “Mano po!” and constantly using “po” and “opo” in conversations.
Close Family TiesFilipinos maintain a tight relationship with their families. They are fond of family reunions during birthdays, holidays, or fiestas year-round.
Cheerful PersonalityFilipinos smile when they are happy, or sometimes even when they are sad or angry. Smiling has been a coping strategy for many Filipinos especially during trying times and calamities.
Self-sacrificeFilipinos go out of their way to extend help to their friends, families, and loved ones.
Self-sacrificeOverseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) sacrifice a lot. That is why they are regarded as modern-day Filipino heroes.
BayanihanIt is the spirit of communal unity and cooperation of Filipinos.
BayanihanIt is also about giving without expecting something in return.
“Bahala Na” AttitudeIt is the Filipino version of the famous line “Hakuna Matata,” meaning no worries.
“Bahala Na” AttitudeThe phrase is said to have originated from “Bathala na,” where Bathala means God, and the phrase meaning leaving everything into God’s hands.
Colonial MentalityIt is regarded as the lack of patriotism and the attitude where Filipinos favor foreign products more than their own; but also the desire to look more foreign than local and keep up with foreign beauty trends.
“Mañana” HabitFilipino term for procrastination; derived from a Filipino phrase called “Mamaya na” meaning dawdling things, which could have been done at an earlier time.
“Ningas Kugon” It is the attitude of eagerly starting things but quickly losing eagerness soon after experiencing difficulty.
PrideMost Filipinos hold on to their pride as if they are more precious than keeping a good relationship with family and loved ones.
Crab Mentality It is a toxic trait among Filipinos where one resents the achievement of another, instead of feeling happy for that person; just like crabs in a container, they pull each other down.
Filipino TimeFilipinos have this common attitude of arriving late at commitments, dinner, or parties especially if they are meeting someone close to them.
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Question Answer
Proverbs or Salawikainare sayings that convey lessons and reflections on Filpino practices, beliefs and traditions
Damiana EugenioMother of Philippine folklore
(1) general attitude toward life, (2) recommending certain virtues, (3) a system of values, (4) general truths about life and human nature, (5) humorous proverbs, (6) miscellaneous proverbs6 categories of proverbs
(1) Proverbs/Salawikain, (2) Superstitions, (3) Myths/Legends, (4) Heroes/IconsFilipino Markers
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LESSON 5

Question Answer
Tim Berners Leemade the World Wide Web available to the public
2/3 of worldHow many people have mobile phones
Online Identityis the sum of all our characteristics and our interactions
Partial IdentitySubset of characteristics that make up our identity
Personapartial identity we create that represents ourselves in a specific situation
Self-presentationAccording to goffman & leary this is the process of controlling how one is perceived by other people
Self-presentationIt is the key to relationship inception and development
Personal Identityis the interpersonal level of self which differentiates the individual as unique from others
Social Identityis the level of self whereby the individual is identified by his of her group memberships
Fear of missing outcompulsive checking of newsfeeds and continually adding tweets and postings in order to appear active and interesting
Disinhibition effectOne of the reasons for so much sharing and self-disclosure online
Digital deviceshelp us share information broadly, more than ever before
Blogs and social mediaare the primary digital fora on which such confessions occur, but they can also be found in photo- and video-sharing sites where blunders and bad moments are also preserved and shared.
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Question Answer
Sexis the biological state that corresponds to what we might call a “man” or a “woman.”
SexIt is often explained as biological, fixed, and immutable. It is actually socially constructed.
Genderis the social understanding of how sex should be experienced and how sex manifests in behavior, personality, preferences, capabilities, and so forth; as a socioculturally specific set of norms that are mapped onto a category of “sex.”
Sexualityis an individual expression and understanding of desire. While like gender, this is often viewed as binary (homosexual or heterosexual), in reality, sexuality is often experienced as fluid.
Sexuality
PerformanceJudith Butler conceptualized gender as a __________
Genderit is produced through millions of individual actions, rather than something that comes naturally to men and women.
Free culturewhere individuals are empowered to engage in cultural production using raw materials, ranging from homemade videos
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