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Understanding social structure pt. 2

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icer215's version from 2016-08-24 18:10

Section

Question Answer
AssimilationA phenomenon of an individual or a group adopting a different culture from their own
Assimilation may occur in may waysGradually, Spontaneously, Rapidly, Forcibly, Involuntarily, Voluntarily
Cultural assimilation occurs due toImmigration & Richer culture
ImmigrationPeople from different cultures adapt to new language, religion, clothing, tradition, etc. at where they have immigrated to. As a result, they lose some characteristics of their original culture
Richer cultureMinorities and those with under-developed cultures have to follow the richer cultures and rules. Including political power, laws, etc.
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Question Answer
MulticulturalismCultural and ethical diversity of communities in a particular society. United States is an example of multiculturalism due to mass immigration
The U.S. is known as a “melting pot” of cultures
The second generations inherit both their parent’s culture as well as the culture that they are living in
Multiculturalism features economy and societyMultiple citizenship, Support minority holidays, celebrations, and etc., Acceptance of traditional and religious clothing/practices, Programs to support minorities
SubculturesA smaller differentiated culture from a larger culture: Variance within a large culture. Result of sociological phenomena. Depends on the location, society and state: Some disappears over time/New subcultures develop
Identifying subculturesFrom clothing, music, symbols, etc.
List of subculturesEmo, Cybergoth, Dark culture, Otaku, Vampire culture
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Question Answer
Mass mediaNewspapers, film, books, video, websites, radio, blogs, podcasts, and any other means of communication that inform and entertain us
Popular cultureSignificantly influenced by mass media, Widely accepted (hence the name of popular) ideas, perspectives, arts, images, attitudes, customs, and phenomena, Mainstream of a culture, Affect everyday lives of the society, Criticized by various sources
Cultureis learned and shared with people in a particular group that people are part of can be language, symbols, behaviors, beliefs, rituals, values, and so on
Social groupconsists of two or more people with common interest, characteristics, beliefs, and values. People who have common culture can become a particular social group. People from a particular social group can have share common culture
Evolutioninfluences and is influenced by culture
Culture workas a way of passing down information from generation to the next
There has been increase in complexity in culture as evolution evolvedHunting and gathering, Pastoral societies, Horticultural societies, Agricultural societies, Industrial societies
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Question Answer
Hunting and gatheringSmall groups, No material wealth, High equality level, Status based on sex, age or kinship, Simple religion – no gods
Pastoral societiesLarger population, Some material wealth, Development of trade, Belief in gods, Existence of warfare and slavery
Horticultural societiesLarge population, Existence of wealth and power, Division of labor, Common warfare, Belief in gods, Elaborate cultural artifacts
Agricultural societiesContinual land cultivation, Inequality of wealth, Development of writing system, More cultural artifacts, Development of transportation system
Industrial societiesVery large population, Less importance of family and kinship, Less influence of religion, Wide diversity of values of belief, Increased importance of science, Importance of education, Problems with pollution, resource depletion, and social disorganization
Diffusion of CultureA phenomenon of culture spreading out. Conceptualized by Leo Frobenius. Can occur in an individual level (micro level) to meso/macro level
Different aspects of culture can be spread out includingReligions, Technology, Language, Ideas ,Styles
Some examples of cultural diffusion includeChinatowns are found all over the world, Sushi, which is a traditional Japanese dish, became popular in America, English became the second language in many countries
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