U.S. History MARYVILLE Test 1

rosesarered's version from 2015-09-21 03:27


Question Answer
AnasaziAncestral Pueblos, located at 4 corners area of NM, AZ, CO & UT, lived in kivas (round pit houses), Mesa Verde
matrilinealstatus descended from mothers to children (ex. Iroquois)
conquistadorspower, prestige, wealth, and Christianity, used forced labor to extract wealth from Americas for "God, gold, and glory"
Hernando Cortes Spanish conquistador with 23,000 workers under the encomienda system(system of forced labor) who defeated Aztecs
West African slave tradetraded slaves for goods, used slaves to produce raw materials (Portugal was first European country to become involved)
Quebec1st and currently oldest French settlement in Americas
Jamestown1st permanent English settlement
Albany, NYsettled by Dutch (once called Fort Orange), geographically significant, Erie Canal built from there to Lake Erie
The French, Spanish, Dutch, & English in the AmericasFrench: St. Lawrence River, settled in Quebec trading with natives; Spanish: conquistadors in Mexico, Peru (Aztecs); Dutch: settled in Albany, NY (Fort Orange); English: last to arrive in Americas but stayed permanently, Virginia Company, New England
The Chesapeakeborders Maryland and Virginia, grew tobacco,
The Virginia Companyoffered land in return for labor (indentured servants), grew tobacco
The House of Burgesses1619, established in Virginia Colony, ensured all adult freemen could elect a representative to share governmental responsibilities
Powhatanfather of Pocahantas
John Rolfemarried Pocahontas, grew tobacco
Pocahontasmarried John Rolfe, becomes Christian, goes to Europe and dies of an illness soon after
Lord Baltimoregave land for Maryland as a sanctuary for Catholics
New EnglandMassachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island, believed in social hierarchy not monarchy
Puritansbelieved in social hierarchy, single people were viewed with suspicion, Bible was the Law
Benjamin FranklinPhiladelphia printer, put forward Albany Plan to unite colonies to conduct defense and Indian affairs which came to nothing, printed mottoes in Poor Richard's Alamanac which showed his belief that hard work and self-discipline would carry a man far in the world
Native Americansmatrilineal, didn't view land as property, authority lies in individual rather than paper
Slavery in the Southern coloniesslaves were on plantations rather than working more domestically in homes
Indentured servantslaborers could sign a contact requiring work for a 4-7 year period in exchange for passage to the New World and at the end would receive freedom, 50 acres, clothes, and tools, most were 15-24 years old
Navigation Actstrade regulations imposed on English colonies, required all trade to be carried in British-built, owned, and crewed ships, required tobacco and any other goods to be shipped to Britain first and import taxes were imposed as well as export taxes - problem: profit was made on amount of tobacco shipped, not the price or quantity sold
Bacon's Rebellion1676, Nathaniel Bacon, a well-off British man, built following in VA's discontented farmers, former indentured servants, and poor freemen who wanted good land, protection and no taxes, drove Gov. Berkeley out of VA, plundered rich estates and killed Indians, burned Jamestown to ground, only once Bacon died did revolution burn out
Sir William Berkeleygovernor of Virginia, one of planter elite, alliance with Bacon but Bacon drove him out of Virginia, attempted control but did not succeed until Bacon died
Crops grown in Virginia; South Carolina; and Georgiatobacco; rice and indigo; rice and indigo (later cotton)
African American culturedistinct from both African and American cultures, spoke "Gullah", formed extensive kinship networks
slave resistanceshowed hate, disobedience, fake illness, breaking tools, avoiding learning, running away, working slowly
The Great Awakeningan evangelical religious movement which rejected polite philosophical discourse (status quo) - salvation was attained by surrender and emotional conversion, proposed doctrine of spiritual equality which was dangerous with slaves
Freeholders in New Englandmen that owned land
Anne HutchisonPuritan woman from Massachusetts who believed people could communicate directly with God without priests or the Bible, put on trial for "heresy" and was banished to Rhode Island
Metacomson of Massasoit, aka King Phillip, provoked to begin King Phillip's War, lost and killed
voting rights the right to vote was tied to property ownership, you had to be a white male who owned property
Northern slavestown dwellers, used in more domestic environments
Quakersadvocated religious tolerance and pacifism, one was William Penn
The Townshend Actsa series of taxes named after Charles Townshend who was a chancellor in Britain, taxes taxed goods brought into the colonies such as paint, paper, led, glass, and tea, etc. 1767
The Stamp Act(came before Townshend Acts) taxes on stamp which was normally purchased for docs and printed items, colonists were outraged and in 1766 it was repealed

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