U.S. History B- midterm

elizabethsecretariat's version from 2015-04-26 03:47


Question Answer
Japanese Internment CampsBeginning in spring of 1942 with Executive Order 9066, Japanese Americans on the west coast were placed into internment camps to prevent them from spying for the Japanese government. This raised MANY civil liberty questions.
Japanese-Americans during World War llJapanese Americans were forcibly relocated from their homes in the Pacific Coast states because military leaders and public opinion combined to fan unproven fears of sabotage. As the war progressed.
End of the Great DepressionThe U.S. bomb Japan with a Atomic Bomb. That what officially ended World War ll.
What were the causes of U.S. entry into World War II?The most immediate reason for the US's entry into WWII was the Japanese attack on the US naval base in Pearl Harbor. The Japanese attack led to the US declaring war on Japan. From there, Germany declared war on the US and the US was fully involved.
Africans Americans during World War ll Some Africans Americans join the Army in all of the branches.
Women during World War llKnown as Women Army Corps.. Women served in the U.S. Armed Forces.
Sit-Down StrikeDec 1936 in one of GM's plants in Flint, MI. The UAW (United Auto Workers) union staged a sit-down strike that lasted 44 days. GM turned off the heat, water and electricity to the building. Eventually GM gave in to the worker's demands.
Challenges of the New DealThe reasons why the New Deal was challenged, The New Deal created a very powerful president that led Congress. Which Some acts appeared interfering and worst unconstitutional.
Executive Order 8802Executive Order 8802 was signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 25, 1941, to prohibit racial discrimination in the national defense industry. It was the first federal action, though not a law, to promote equal opportunity and prohibit employment.
Overproduction during the 1920sOver production means that a company produces more product than the public will buy. During the 1920s, industry was producing on a large scale and consumers were using things like "buying on time" (credit cards in today's economy) to buy things they couldent
VolunteerismAnother Hoover program that relied on wealthy Americans to give money to charities that would distribute it to those in need. It also asked for Americans to voluntarily join together to "combat" the depression. this FAILS.
Dorothea LangeDorothea Lange was an influential American documentary photographer and photojournalist, best known for her Depression-era work.
Promises made by dictatorsHitler, Stalin, Mussolini, and Tojo promise their supporters, CHANGE and HOPE.
Lasting effects of the New DealTrust that the people had in their government, the support the government provided for Americans, and the hope Americans had that the depression would expire.
blitzkriegType of warfare that Germany waged on Poland. Germany used speed and firepower to attack the Poles on three sides using land and air. In English it means lighting war.
Africans Americans during the Great DepressionThey were the first to be laid off jobs, and they suffered from unemployment.
Policy of AppeasmentPolicy that France, Great Britain and the US pursued against Germany, Italy and Japan during the 1930s. The idea was that these nations would be able to keep territories that they had started to "gobble" up in exchange for stopping further aggression.
WPBWar Production Board oversaw the conversion of peacetime industry to wartime industry.- Labor
HolocaustHitler's genocide Jewish and other groups by the Nazis during WWII.
KamikazesJapanese Americans pilots
FDICFederal Deposit Insurance Corporation Insured bank deposits up to $5,000. This program eased the public's minds and slowed bank closures.
Eastern Europe after World War llMuch of Europe and Eastern Asia had been destroyed. Also, many country's borders needed to be set and governments re-established. Many leaders were brought to trial. They had violated the rules of war. Germany had split in two.
Battle of StalingradTurning point in the war. The Soviets were able to defeat the Germans at this battle putting an end to Hitler's quest for world domination. (1942-1943)
Executive Order 9066An order from President Roosevelt declaring "war zones" where anyone for any reason could be removed. This was aimed at Japanese Americans
Dust BowlAn area in the great plain that suffered severe drought. The farm land dried up and the dirt was blown away in the great dust storms.
Bonus ArmyA group of WWl vets who wanted their government pensions early. They were jobless.Congress had agree to give them pensions but hoover didn't. To protest, the vets camp out in front the white house.
Munich AgreementFrance, Great Britain met with Germany in Munich (Germany) to discuss the annexation of the Sudetenland. France and Great Britain followed the Policy of Appeasement and allowed Germany to keep it.
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)CCC Provided jobs for unemployed men. They replanted forests and restored public parks. This became FDR's favorite program
Role of the government in the New DealThe major effect of the Great Depression and the New Deal on America was expanded government intervention into new areas of social and economic affairs and the creation of more social assistance agencies at the national level.
Island-hoppingStrategy used by Allied troops to take Japanese held islands in the Pacific until a clear path was opened to mainland Japan.
Critics of the New Deal"Too Much" critics, These critics believed that the New Deal was making the government too big. "Not Enough" critics, Critics like Huey Long and Charles Coughlin believed that the New Deal did not truely end the Depression and not enough was being done.
Atomic bombIn August 1945, the cities of Hiroshima were destroyed by the first atomic bombs
Worlds leaders during World War llHitler, Mussolini, and Tojo led the "Axis Powers". Against them were the "Allies", led by FDR and Truman (US), Winston Churchill (Great Britain), and Joseph Stalin (Russia joined the Allies after Russia was invaded by Germany).
Nuremberg Laws
Nuremberg LawsThe Nuremberg Laws of 1935 were antisemitic laws in Nazi Germany.
Social Security ActCreated underemployment insurance pensions. For old age and people who's is in need. Still around today.
FascismA system of government marked by centralization of authority under a dictator, a capitalist economy subject to stringent governmental controls, violent suppression of the opposition, and typically a policy of belligerent nationalism and racism.
FDR's Four Freedoms1.) is freedom of speech and expression. 2.) Freedom of every person to worship God in his own way. 3.) Freedom from want - means economic understandings. 4.) Freedom from fear - means a world-wide reduction of armaments
CapitalismAn economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit
New Deal ProgramFDR's program for Relief, Recovery and Reform. Nicknamed the "Alphabet Soup" program because many of the programs were know by their acronyms.
Unconditional SurrenderOffered to the Axis powers. They could surrender but with out any concessions.
Bank holidayA day on which all banks are officially closed, observed as a public holiday.
Mood of the 1920sThe so-called "Roaring '20s" were an economically prosperous time. The era is generally viewed as being very optimistic. Optimistic means hopeful and confident about the future.
Bataan Death MarchAfter the Philippines fell the captured Filipinos and American POWs were marched down the Bataan Peninsula to a POW camp. More than 7,000 died on the way.