Typography Quiz CH 6-8

rosesarered's version from 2018-10-08 16:11

CH 6

Question Answer
Word spaces or space bandsspace between words - vary from typeface to typeface and are made narrower or wider
Measurea given line length - lines of text are made to fit into a measure
Indents should ideally becreated with a program’s indention commands or, less desirably, the Tab key - gaps should be created with fixed spaces (em & en spaces)
A double word space at the end of a sentencecreates an obvious hole in the line. While this was once a prevalent style, it’s out of fashion today. Use the search tool to find and take out double word spaces
Leadingline spacing
Soft returnan end-line command that ends the existing line and starts a new line without starting a new paragraph - accessed by pressing the Return key and Shift key simultaneously
All capsall capitals - text was set in all caps to indicate boldface
Rule-fill commandcommand used to set a rule of specified weight a specified distance below the baseline of the text to be underscored
Overstrike or strike-through or strike-out typedraw a line through the passage of type to indicate material that will or should be deleted from the manuscript
Soft hyphena hyphen added by a hyphenation program - will disappear when the word in which it occurs no longer needs to be broken at the line’s end
Hard hyphena hyphen that you key into a manuscript - is permanently part of the text stream
Discretionary hyphensoft hyphen that you insert yourself
Typographic quotation marks or curly quotes“ ” - in all standard text fonts, but the keystrokes to access them are unintuitive
The use of typewriter-style quotation marks instead of typographic ones shouldalways be seen as a mistake
Primesused to indicate feet, inches, minutes, seconds and type points
Some typewriters had a few fractions built in and the standard fonts have¼, ½, and ¾ built in
Other fractions were builtwith full size numerals separated by the virgule, solidus, or slash
Tab stopintroduced by typewriter tabs - a position on the page that the carriage would slide to in one motion when you press the Tab key - word processing programs still refer to the tab positions you set as stops
To make the most of limited keys, the typewriter substituted upright, direction-neutral quotation marks for traditional opening and closing quotation marks (“‘’”)

CH 7

Question Answer
Early page layout programs wereno more than word processors that could “pour” text into more than one column per page
Togglescontrols that were typed codes into the line of text - like a switch, it could be turned on/off
Code-driven text-processing systemswere driven into extinction almost overnight - very few persist today and they are used almost exclusively in large-volume book-publishing environments
Font-smoothinguses anti-aliasing technology that renders screen type using both black & nonblack (either gray or color) pixels - fonts themselves are not affected - makes characters smoother and typefaces more recognizable
Corruptedsome font files can become damaged and a damaged font file can create an amazing array of problems

CH 8

Question Answer
Legibilityrefers to a reader’s ability to easily recognize letterforms and the word forms built from them
Readabilityrefers to the facility and comfort with which text can be comprehended
Type colortype on a page has a visual texture - when it is consistent and even, the type has good type color
Tight spacing interfereswith the reader’s ability to recognize word forms
No more than+-30 spacing spacing (tracking)
Loose spacing isa composition tactic that is a bad practice
A common design error isto set text too wide for the point size and leading
Line length max32 picas wide or 5.33 inches
Drop caps arevery hard to perfect
Narrow columns are tiring to read becauseyour eyes hit the margins every few words
Centering type over text with a ragged margin canoften look un-centered
Never set type with the assumption thatthe program will do the right thing
Trust your eyesnot your tools. And get a proofreader

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