benryan95's version from 2016-01-20 11:01


Question Answer
What is the cause of death for most people with HIV?Tuberculosis
How is latent TB diagnosed?Mantoux test,consider interferon gamma testing
How is active TB diagnosed?Sputum samples typically
What is PCRs role in TB?Allows rapid indentification of rifampicin resistance
What are 4 CXR signs in TB?consolidation, cavitation, fibrosis and calcification
What is the length of the initial phase of treatment for TB?8 weeks
What drugs are used in the initial phase of TB?Rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, ethambutol
What is the length of the continuation phase of TB?16 weeks
What drugs are used in the continuation phase of TB?rifampicin and isoniazid
Name 3 of the side effects of rifampicinincreased LFT (stop if increased bilirubin), decreased platelets, orange discolouration of the urine, tears and contact lens, inactivation of the pill, flu symptoms
Name a side effect of ethambutoloptic neuritis
Describe 5 presentations of TBSilent, cough, sputum, malaise, weight loss, night sweats, pleurisy, haemoptysis, pleural effusion
What may form in the cavities left by TB?Aspergilloma, mycetoma
Besides the lungs, what else can TB affect?Genitourinary tract, bone, skin, peritoneum, pericardium, meninges

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