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mellowstar51's version from 2016-07-27 19:15

Section 1

Question Answer
Rectus AbdominisO: Pubis, crest, and symphysis; I: Ribs 5-7, costal cartilage, and xiphoid process of sternum
External ObliqueO: External surfaces of ribs 5-12; I: Anterior crest of ilium, pubic tubercle, and abdominal aponeurosis
Internal ObliqueO: Thoracolumbar aponeurosis, iliac crest, and lateral inguinal ligament; I: Internal surfaces of ribs 10-12, and abdominal aponeurosis
Transverse AbdominisO: Lateral inguinal ligament, iliac crest, thoracolumbar fascia, and internal surfaces of ribs 7-12; I: Abdominal aponeurosis
DiaphragmO: Ribs 7-12, inner surfaces and costal cartilages, xiphoid process of sternum, and bodies of L1-L2; I: Central tendon
External IntercostalsO: Inferior attachment of rib; I: Superior border of rib below
Internal IntercostalsO: Inner surfaces and costal cartilage of rib; I: Inferior border of rib above
IliocostalisO: Medial iliac crest, thoracolumbar aponeurosis, and posterior surface of ribs 3-12; I: Posterior surface of ribs 1-12 and transverse processes of C4-C7
LongissimusO: Thoracolumbar aponeurosis, transverse processes of L5-T1, and articular processes of C4-C7; I: Transverse processes of T1-T12 and C2-C6, posterior surface of ribs 3-12, and mastoid process of the temporal bone
SpinalisO: Spinous processes of L2-T11 and T2-C7, and ligamentum nuchae; I: Spinous processes of T1-T8 and C2-C4, and between the superior and inferior nuchal lines of the occiput
Quadratus LumborumO: Posterior iliac crest and iliolumbar ligament; I: Transverse processes of L1-L4 and inferior border of the 12th rib
Serratus Posterior SuperiorO: Spinous processes of C7-T3; I: Posterior surfaces of ribs 2-5
Serratus Posterior InferiorO: Spinous processes of T11-L3; I: Posterior surfaces of ribs 9-12
SemispinalisO: Transverse processes of C4-T12; I: Spinous processes of C2-T4 and between superior and inferior nuchal lines of the occiput
MultifidiO: Posterior sacrum, posterior iliac spine, and processes of L5-C4; I: Spinous process 2-4 vertebrae above origin
RotatoresO: Transverse processes of L5-C1; I: Spinous process of vertebra above
InterspinalisO: Spinous processes of L5-L2, T12, and T2-C3; I: Spinous process of vertebra above
IntertransversariiO: Transverse processes of C2-C7 and L1-L5; I: Transverse processes of vertebra above
Levator CostarumO: C7-T11 transverse processes; I: Ribs 1-12, angle of rib below
SubcostalesO: Ribs 10-12, near angle; I: Ribs 8-10, near angle
Transversus ThoracisO: Xiphoid process and sternum; I: Ribs 2-6, costal cartilage
Splenius CapitisO: Inferior one-half of ligamentum nuchae and spinous processes of C7-T3; I: Mastoid process and lateral portion of superior nuchal line
Splenius CervicisO: Spinous processes of T3-T6; I: Transverse processes of C1-C3
Rectus Capitis Posterior MajorO: Spinous process of the axis (C-2); I: Inferior nuchal line of the occiput
Rectus Capitis Posterior MinorO: Tubercle of the posterior arch of the atlas (C-1); I: Inferior nuchal line of the occiput
Oblique Capitis SuperiorO: Transverse process of the atlas (C-1); I: Between the nuchal lines of the occiput
Oblique Capitis InferiorO: Spinous process of the axis (C-2); Transverse process of the atlas (C-1)
memorize

 

Question Answer
Erector Spinae Groupspinalis, longissimus, iliocostalis
Transversospinalis Groupmultifidi, rotatores, semispinalis capitis
Suboccipitalsrectus capitis posterior major, rectus capitis posterior minor, oblique capitis superior, oblique capitis inferior
Abdominalsrectus abdominis, external oblique, internal oblique, transvers abdominis
memorize

 

Question Answer
IliocostalisO: Medial iliac crest, thoracolumbar aponeurosis, and posterior surface of ribs 3-12; I: Posterior surface of ribs 1-12 and transverse processes of C4-C7
LongissimusO: Thoracolumbar aponeurosis, transverse processes of L5-T1, and articular processes of C4-C7; I: Transverse processes of T1-T12 and C2-C6, posterior surface of ribs 3-12, and mastoid process of the temporal bone
SpinalisO: Spinous processes of L2-T11 and T2-C7, and ligamentum nuchae; I: Spinous processes of T1-T8 and C2-C4, and between the superior and inferior nuchal lines of the occiput
memorize

 

Question Answer
MultifidiO: Posterior sacrum, posterior iliac spine, and processes of L5-C4; I: Spinous process 2-4 vertebrae above origin
RotatoresO: Transverse processes of L5-C1; I: Spinous process of vertebra above
SemispinalisO: Transverse processes of C4-T12; I: Spinous processes of C2-T4 and between superior and inferior nuchal lines of the occiput
memorize

 

Question Answer
Rectus Capitis Posterior MajorO: Spinous process of the axis (C-2); I: Inferior nuchal line of the occiput
Rectus Capitis Posterior MinorO: Tubercle of the posterior arch of the atlas (C-1); I: Inferior nuchal line of the occiput
Oblique Capitis SuperiorO: Transverse process of the atlas (C-1); I: Between the nuchal lines of the occiput
Oblique Capitis InferiorO: Spinous process of the axis (C-2); Transverse process of the atlas (C-1)
memorize

 

Question Answer
Rectus AbdominisO: Pubis, crest, and symphysis; I: Ribs 5-7, costal cartilage, and xiphoid process of sternum
External ObliqueO: External surfaces of ribs 5-12; I: Anterior crest of ilium, pubic tubercle, and abdominal aponeurosis
Internal ObliqueO: Thoracolumbar aponeurosis, iliac crest, and lateral inguinal ligament; I: Internal surfaces of ribs 10-12, and abdominal aponeurosis
Transverse AbdominisO: Internal surfaces of ribs 7-12; I: Abdominal aponeurosis
memorize

 

Question Answer
Levator CostarumO: C7-T11 transverse processes; I: Ribs 1-12, angle of rib below
SubcostalesO: Ribs 10-12, near angle; I: Ribs 8-10, near angle
Transversus ThoracisO: Xiphoid process and sternum; I: Ribs 2-6, costal cartilage
memorize

 

Question Answer
DiaphragmO: Ribs 7-12, inner surfaces and costal cartilages, xiphoid process of sternum, and bodies of L1-L2; I: Central tendon
External IntercostalsO: Inferior attachment of rib; I: Superior border of rib below
Internal IntercostalsO: Inner surfaces and costal cartilage of rib; I: Inferior border of rib above
Quadratus LumborumO: Posterior iliac crest and iliolumbar ligament; I: Transverse processes of L1-L4 and inferior border of the 12th rib
Serratus Posterior SuperiorO: Spinous processes of C7-T3; I: Posterior surfaces of ribs 2-5
Serratus Posterior InferiorO: Spinous processes of T11-L3; I: Posterior surfaces of ribs 9-12
InterspinalisO: Spinous processes of L5-L2, T12, and T2-C3; I: Spinous process of vertebra above
IntertransversariiO: Transverse processes of L5-C1; I: Transverse processes of vertebra above
Splenius CapitisO: Inferior one-half of ligamentum nuchae and spinous processes of C7-T4; I: Mastoid process and lateral portion of superior nuchal line
Splenius CervicisO: Spinous processes of T3-T6; I: Transverse processes of C1-C3
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
Flexion of the trunkRectus abdominis, External oblique, Internal oblique
Extension of the trunkIliocostalis, Longissimus, Spinalis, Quadratus lumborum, Semispinalis, Rotatores, Multifidi, Interspinalis
Lateral flexion (right) of the trunkRight rectus abdominis, Right external oblique, Right internal oblique, Right iliocostalis, Right longissimus, Right quadratus lumborum, Right intertransversarii
Lateral flexion (left) of the trunkLeft rectus abdominis, Left external oblique, Left internal oblique, Left iliocostalis, Left longissimus, Left quadratus lumborum, Left intertransversarii
Rotation (right) of the trunkLeft external oblique, Right internal oblique, Left semispinalis, Left multifidi, Left rotatores
Rotation (left) of the trunkRight external oblique, Left internal oblique, Right semispinalis, Right multifidi, Right rotatores
InhalationDiaphragm, External intercostals, Serratus posterior superior, Levator costarum, Quadratus lumborum, Scalenes, Pectoralis minor, Serratus anterior
ExhalationInternal intercostals, Serratus posterior inferior, Transverse abdominis, Internal oblique, External oblique, Rectus abdominis, Subcostales, Transverse thoracis
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
Difference between lordotic and kyphotic curves and where they occur in the spineLordotic: anterior curvature occurs in the cervical and lumbar spines;
Kyphotic: posterior curvature occurs inthe thoracic and sacral spines
Number of spinal nerve pairs31
Number of vertebrae in different regions of the spineCervical: 7
Thoracic: 12
Lumbar: 5
Organs the rib cage protects
Cavities of the body the diaphragm separatesthoracic and abdominal
Muscles involved in trunk flexionRectus abdominis, External oblique, Internal oblique
Muscles involved in trunk lateral flexion (focus on internal and external obliques)Right lateral flexion: Right external oblique, Right internal oblique;
Left lateral flexion: Left external oblique, Left internal oblique
Large vessels of the body, where they drain or supply
Difference between false, true, and floating ribs (including numbers)True: 1-7, articulate directly with the sternum;
False: 8-10, articulate with the sternum via costocartilate;
Floating: 11-12, no anterior connection with the sternum
What is scoliosispathological lateral curvature of the spine that is typically an inherited condition that becomes more noticeable during the adolescent growth spurt
Main muscle of inhalationDiaphragm
Function of transverse abdominisCompresses and supports abdominal organs; Assists with exhalation
3 bones that make up the pelvic girdleIlium, Pubis, Ischium
Where the sacroiliac joint is and how to find itarticulation of the sacrum of the axial skeleton with the ilium of the pelvic girdle;
What is the cauda equinaterminal branching of the spinal cord (horse's tail)
What is the most prominent spinous processC-7
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Section 4

Question Answer
C7base of neck
T2superior angle of scapula
T7inferior angle of scapula
L4top of iliac crest
iliac cresttop of hip
12th ribslowest rib
quadratus lumborumiliac crest to 12th rib, posterior
xiphoid processinferior tip of sternum; medial ridges of ribs meet
sarcoiliac joint
latissimus dorsi
transverse abdominis
rectus abdominissupine, knees up, xiphoid process to pubis, situps
internal and external obliques
erector spinae groupprone, feel along spine, raise and lower legs
perform ROMs
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