Tropical Ecology Final

michelleburkee2's version from 2015-05-04 01:47


Question Answer
Coral belong to the phylumCnidaria
nematocysts are located on tentacles
______ belong to the same phylum as coraljelly fish
a single coral individual is called apollyp
pollyp contain ______ algae on their outer tissuezooxanthellae
the relationship between the algae and coral ismutualistic
algae provide ___ for the coral and the coral gets _______glucose; waste products
building blocks of proteinsamino acids
DNA is built up of nucleotides
nucleotides consist of a sugar unit, a phosphate group, and one of four bases (AGCT)
groups of three bases are calledtriplet codons
triplet codons code fora specific amino acid
a gene is a long section of DNA that can code for the production of a specific protein
DNA is tightly coiled in structure calledchromosomes
chromosomes are found inthe cell's nucleus
each parent has _________ copies of each factor two
gametessex cells
sex cells are produced inmiosis
All ecosystems have to have (4)Has to have a source of energy (light). Energy is transferred, All ecosystems have to have decomposition (fungi and bacteria are main decomposers), Have to have a way to recycle nutrients
plate corals are in: deep parts of the reef (form follows function)
factors needed for coral to grow: Warm water, Lots of sunlight, High salt content (salt helps buffer the ocean’s acidity), Need alkaline waters (non-acidic)
erosional aids: coral is broken up and digested by fish and produce sand
Mangroves are: trees that can grow in salt water
mangroves that grow closest to coast: red
mangroves that grow in thick mud: black
Importance of mangroves: Helps protect against hurricanes, Island stabilization, Traps sediment and nutrients, Nursery for many fish species (i.e. sharks)

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