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Treatments

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katelizgrant's version from 2015-11-18 02:15

Section 1

Question Answer
Herpes simplex 1Acyclovir
Herpes simplex 2Acyclovir
HHV-3 Varicella ZosterFamciclovir
HHV-4, Epstein-Barr Virus or LymphocryptovirusGancyclovir, forscarnet
HHV 6-7Gancyclovir, forscarnet
Dengue FeverFluid replacement, paracentamol
Hepatitis CCombination treatment with protease inhibitors and IFN alpha (expensive)
RabiesVaccination if given quickly
HIVAzidothymidine, nucleotide analogues (AZT, ddI, ddC) and protease inhibitors are given in combinations as a "cocktail" to slow down the replication of the virus
Hepatitis BLamivudine
FluAmantidine
HCMV retinitisGanciclovir
HPVPodophyllin
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Section 2

Question Answer
Giardia lambliaMetronidazole, Flagyl
Trichomonas vaginalisMetronidazole, Flagyl
Trypanasoma: tsetse flyMelarsoprol, Suramin
Trypanasoma cruziNifurtamox for acute, no treatment for chronic stage
Leishmania sp.Amphotericin B (70%-95% mortality in untreated, 30% mortality in treated)
Entamoeba histolyticaMetronidazole, Flagyl
Balantidium coliAssume similar to amebiasis
Plasmodium sp.Chloroquines, Doxycycline, Tetracycline - Artesunato if pregnant
Toxoplasma gondiiSulfadiazine
CryptosporidiumIn healthy adults usually treatment is not required. Acute cases can be treated with Nitazoxanide
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Section 3

Question Answer
Paragonimus westermaniPraziquantel
SchistosomaPraziquantel
Echinococcus granulosusAlbendazole, surgery
Taenia saginataNiclosamide, Praziquantel
Taenia soliumNiclosamide
Ascaris lumbricoidesMebendazole
Enterobius vermicularisMebendazole, Pyrantel Pamoate
Necator americanusThiabendazole
Trichinella spiralisThiabendazole, corticosteroids
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