Treatment procedure of the digestive system

tigrebright's version from 2015-10-19 14:10

Section 1

Question Answer
antacidsmedication that neutralizes acids in the stomach
proton pump inhibitorsmedication that decreases the amount of acid produced by the stomach
antiemeticmedication used to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting
laxativemedications or foods given to stimulate bowel movements
bulk-forming laxativesthese are used to treat constipation by helping fecal matter retain water and remain soft as it moves through the intestines
intravenous fluidsadministered to combat the effects of dehydration
oral rehydration therapya treatment in which a solution of electrolytes is administered in a liquid preparation to counteract the dehydration can accompany severe diarrhea
dental prophylaxisthe professional cleaning of the teeth to remove plaque and calculus
prophylaxisa treatment intended to prevent a disease or stop it from spreading
gingivectomythe surgical removal of diseased gingival tissue
maxillofacial surgeryspecialized surgery of the face and jaws to correct deformities, treat disease, and repair injuries
palatoplastysurgical repair of a cleft palate;also used to refer to the repair of cleft lip

Section 2

Question Answer
gastrectomysurgical removal of all or a part of the stomach
nasogastric intubationthe placement of a feeding tube through the nose and into the stomach
gastrostomy tubeaka G-tube;a surgically placed feeding tube from the exterior of the body directly into the stomach
total parenteral nutritionadministered to patients who cannot or should not get their nutrition through eating; all nurtrional requirements are met through a specialized solution administered intravenously
parenteralnot in or through the digestive system
bariatric surgeryperformed to treat morbid obesity by restricting the amount of food that can enter the stomach and be digested
gastric bypass surgerymakes the stomach smaller and causes food to bypass the first part of the small intestine; not reversable
lap-band adjustable gastric bandinginvolves placing a band around the exterior of the stomach to restrict the amount of food that can enter; can be reversed by removing the band

Section 3

Question Answer
colectomysurgical removal of all or part of the colon
colotomya surgical incision into the colon
diverticulectomythe surgical removal of a diverticulum
gastroduodenostomythe establishment of an anostomosis between the upper portion of the stomach and the duodenum; to treat stomach cancer or to remove a malfunctioning pyloric valve
anastomosissurgical connection between two hollow, or tubular, structures
ileectomythe surgical removal of the ileum
ostomya surgical procedure to create an artificial opening between an organ and the body surface
ileostomythe surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the ileum, at the end of the small intestine, and the outside of the abdominal wall
colostomythe surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface
hemorrhoidectomythe surgical removal of hemorrhoid
rubber band ligationrubber bands cut off the circulation at the base of the hemorrhoid, causing it to eventually fall off
ligationthe tying off of blood vessels or ducts
proctopexythe surgical fixation of a prolapsed rectum to an adjacent tissue of organ
prolapsethe falling or dropping down of an organ or internal part
hepatectomythe surgical removal of all or a part of the liver
liver transplantdone as a partial transplant-only part of the organ is donated because this organ regenerates
choledocholithotomyan incision into the common bile duct for the removal of a gallstone
cholecystectomythe surgical removal of the gall bladder

Recent badges