Treatment of the female reproductive system

tigrebright's version from 2015-11-23 03:10

Section 1

Question Answer
contraceptivea measure taken to lessen the likelihood of pregnancy
birth control pillsa form of hormones administered as an oral contraceptive
diaphragma barrier contraceptive that prevents the sperm from reaching and fertilizing the egg
intrauterine devicemolded plastic contraceptive inserted through the cervix into the uterus to prevent pregnancy
condomthe only contraceptive method that MIGHT prevent the transmission of STDs
hormone replacement therapythe use of female hormones estrogen and progestin the replace those the body no longer produces during and after perimonopause
oophorectomythe surgical removal of one or both ovaries
salpingectomythe surgical removal of one or both fallopian tubes
salpingo-oophorectomythe surgical removal of a fallopian tube and ovary; bilateral-removal of both
tubal ligationa surgical sterilization procedure in which the fallopian tubes are sealed or cut to prevent sperm from reaching a mature ovum

Section 2

Question Answer
colpopexythe surgical fixation of a prolapsed vagina to a surrounding structure
conizationthe surgical removal of a cone-shaped specimen of tissue from the cevix
colporrhaphythe surgical suturing of a tear in the vagina
dilation and curettageprocedure in which the cervix is dilated and the endometrium of the uterus is scraped away
currettagethe removal of material from the surface by scraping with an instrument known as as currett
myomectomysurgical removal of uterine fibroids
hysterectomysurgical removal of the uterus
total hysterectomythe uterus and cervix are removed
partial or subtotal hysterectemythe uterus is removed and the cervix is left in place
radical hysterectomyincludes the surgical removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes, the uterus and cervix, plus nearby lymph nodes; performed to treat uterine cancer

Section 3

Question Answer
mammoplastya general term for a cosmetic operation on the breasts
breast augmentationsurgery to increase breast size
breast reductionperformed to decrease and reshape excessively large, heavy breasts
mastopexybreast lift; to affix sagging breasts in a more elevated position
cesarean sectionthe delivery of a child through an incision in the maternal abdominal and uterine walls
episiotomya surgical incision made into the perineum to enlarge the vaginal orifice to prevent tearing of the tissues as the infant moves out of the birth canal
episorrhaphysurgical suturing to repair an episiotomy
incubatorapparatus for maintaining an environment of controlled temperature, humidity and oxygen concentration for a premature or ill newborn
assisted reproductive technologydescribes techniques used to aid an infertile couple in achieving a viable pregnancy
artificial inseminationsperm from a woman's partner or a donor are introduced into the vagina or uterus during the ovulatory phase of her menstrual cycle
in vitro fertilizationmature ova are removed from the mother to be fertilized; the embryos are transferred into the uterus with hope that they will implant and continue to develop as in a normal pregnancy
gestational carriera woman's egg is fertilized by her partner's sperm and placed inside another woman's uterus