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Transmission-based Precautions

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bjtmeyer's version from 2016-09-21 00:08

Section

Question Answer
Airborne PrecautionsReduces the risk of infectious agents through evaporated droplets in air or dust particles containing infectious agents
Private room with monitored air pressure
Six to twelve air changes within the room per hour
Room door should remain closed with patient remaining within the room
Respiratory protection worn when entering the room
Limit patient's transport outside of the room for only essential purposes; patient should wear a mask during transport
Droplet PrecautionsReduces the risk of infectious agents through contact of the mucous membranes of the mouth and nose, contact with the conjunctivae, and through coughing, sneezing, talking, or suctioning. This transmission requires close contact, as the infectious agents do not suspend in the air and travel only three feet or less
Private room
May share a room with a patient that has an active infection of the same microorganism
Maintain at least three feet between the patient and any contact (patient, staff, visitor)
Room door may remain open
Wear a mask when working within three feet of the patient
Limit the patient's transport outside of the room for only essential purposes; patient should wear a mask during transport
Contact PrecautionsReduces the risk of transmission of infectious agents through direct or indirect contact. Direct contact involves skin-to-skin transmission; indirect contact involves a contaminated intermiediate object, usually within the patient's environment.
Private room
May share a room with a patient that has an active infection of the same microorganism
Use of gloves when entering the room
Change of gloves after direct contact with infectious material
Take gloves off prior to leaving the room and perform proper hand washing technique
Wear a gown if you will have substantial close contact with the patient and remove the gown prior to leaving the room
Limit the patient's transport outside of the room for essential purposes only
Dedicate non-critical patient care equipment to one patient, do not share between patients or disinfect properly prior to using the equipment again
memorize

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