Traits, Genes, and Allelesrename
alexoniate's version from 2016-01-24 03:40
SummaryGenes encode proteins that produce a diverse range of traits. Every diploid organsim has two alleles for each gene- one from the mother, one from the father.
These two alleles may be the same (homozygous) or different (heterozygous). One allele may be dominant over another.
|Gene||piece of DNA providing a set of instruction to a cell making a certain protein|
|Allele||alternative forms of a gene that may occur at a specific locus|
|Homozgous||describes two of the same alleles at a specific locus|
|Heterozygous||describes two different alleles at a specific locus|
|Genome||all of an organisms genetic material|
|Genotype||the genetic makeup of a specific set of genes|
|Phenotype||the traits of an individual|
|Dominant allele||expressed when two different or two dominant alleles are present|
|Recessive allele||expressed only when two copies are present|