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Toxicology- toxicity treatments

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gebihure's version from 2017-04-06 16:10

Section

Question Answer
Acetaminophen N-acetylcysteine (replenishes glutathione)
AChE inhibitors, organophosphates Atropine > pralidoxime
Amphetamines (basic) NH4Cl (acidify urine)
Antimuscarinic, anticholinergic agents Physostigmine, control hyperthermia
Arsenic Dimercaprol, succimer
BenzodiazepinesFlumazenil
Beta-blockersSaline, atropine, glucagon
Carbon monoxide100% O2, hyperbaric O2
CopperPenicillamine, trientine
CyanideNitrite + thiosulfate, hydroxocobolamin
DigitalisAnti-dig Fab fragments
GoldPenicillamine, dimercaprol (BAL), succimer
HeparineProtamine sulfate
IronDeferoxamine, deferasirox, deferiprone
Lead EDTA, dimercaprol, succimer, penicillamine
MercuryDimercaprol, succimer
Methanol, ethylene glycol (antifreeze) Fomeizole > ethanol, dialysis
MethemoglobinMethylene blue, vitamin C
Opioids Naloxone
SalicylatesNaHCO3 (alkalinize urine), dialysis
TCAsNaHCO3
WarfarinVitamin K (delayed effect), fresh frozen plasma (immediate)
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