Create
Learn
Share

TOP 200 - NEURO-PSYCH - ANTIDOTE

rename
tvo16's version from 2018-01-09 15:19

NEURO/PSYCH

ANTIDEPRESSANT

GENERIC NAMEBRAND NAMECLASSFORMULATIONS AVAILABLECOMMON SEPRECAUTIONCOUNSELING POINTS
AmoxapineNoneAntidepressant:TricyclicOral tabletsedation, orthostatic hypotension, anticholinergic effectsBlack box warning for suicidality in children and young adultsmay take weeks to see maximum antidepressant benefit. First symptoms to resolve in 1-2 weeks will be anxiety and sleep disturbances
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
BupropionWellbutrin; Wellbutrin XL; Wellbutrin SR, ZybanAntidepressant:dopamine/norepinephrine-reuptake inhibitorOral tablet (immediate, extended release and sustained release)insomnia, weight loss, decreases seizure thresholdblack box warning for suicidality in children and young adultsmay take weeks to see maximum antidepressant benefit. First symptoms to resolve in 1-2 weeks will be anxiety and sleep disturbances. May be stimulating, so avoid taking it late in the day as it might worsen sleep
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
VenlafaxineEffexorAntidepressant:serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitorOral:tablet (regular and extended release), extended release capsuleweight gain, sexual dysfunction, sleep disturbances, possible increases in BP and HRBlack box warning for suicidality in children and young adultsmay take weeks to see maximum antidepressant benefit. First symptoms to resolve in 1-2 weeks will be anxiety and sleep disturbances. Avoid sudden discontinuation (associated with withdrawal syndrome)
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
CitalopramCelexaAntidepressant:Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitorOral tablet, solutionweight gain, sexual dysfunction, sleep disturbancesBlack box warning for suicidality in children and young adultsmay take weeks to see maximum antidepressant benefit. First symptoms to resolve in 1-2 weeks will be anxiety and sleep disturbances
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
SertralineZoloftAntidepressant:selective serotonin reuptake inhibitorOral tablet, solutionweight gain, sexual dysfunction, sleep disturbancesBlack box warning for suicidality in children and young adultsmay take weeks to see maximum antidepressant benefit. First symptoms to resolve in 1-2 weeks will be anxiety and sleep disturbances
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
TrazodoneDesyrel, OleptroAntidepressant:serotonin reuptake inhibitor and serotonin receptor antagonistOral tablet (immediate and extended release)sedation, priapism (rare but serious)Black box warning for suicidality in children and young adultsmay take weeks to see maximum antidepressant benefit. First symptoms to resolve in 1-2 weeks will be anxiety and sleep disturbances. At low doses used for insomnia.
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
AtomoxetineStratteraSelective Norepinephrine Reuptake InhibitorOral capsuleinsomnia, increases BP/HR, decreased appetite, stomach upsetBlack box warning for suicidality in children and adolescentsTake with food if it causes an upset stomach.
memorize

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANT

GENERIC NAMEBRAND NAMECLASSFORMULATIONS AVAILABLECOMMON SEPRECAUTIONCOUNSELING POINTS
DexamphetamineDexedrine, ProCentra, ZenzediCentral Nervous System StimulantOral:tablet, extended released capsule, solutioninsomnia, increased BP/HR, decreased appetiteboxed warnings for abuse potential and serious cardiac effects, including sudden death with misuseThis medication can suppress your appetite, so tell your doctor if you have unintentional weight loss.
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
MethylphenidateRitalin, Ritalin LA, Concerta, Daytrana, Aptensio XR, Metadate CD, Metadate ER, Quilivant XRCentral Nervous System StimulantOral:extended release capsule, solution, suspension, tablet (regular, chewable, extended release), solution; transdermal patchinsomnia, increased BP/HR, decreased appetiteN/AThis medication can suppress your appetite, so tell your doctor if you have unintentional weight loss.
memorize

ANTICOVULSANT/MOOD STABILIZER

GENERIC NAMEBRAND NAMECLASSFORMULATIONS AVAILABLECOMMON SEPRECAUTIONCOUNSELING POINTS
Valproate sodium, divalproex sodiumDepakene, Depacon, Depakote, Depakote ER, Depakote Sprinkle, StavzorAnticonvulsant/Mood StabilizerOral:tablet (immediate release, delayed, extended release), capsule (immediate and delayed release), syrup; injectionsedation, tremor, increases in hepatic transaminases, weight gain, alopeciahepatotoxicity (BBW), pancreatitis (BBW), do not use in pregnancyMedication is sedating, so be aware of these sedative effects. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, because this medication may need to be discontinued.
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
LamotrigineLamictal, Lamictal XR, Lamictal CD, Lamictal ODTAnticonvulsant/Mood StabilizerOral:tablet (immediate and extended release), chewable dispersible tablet, orally disinetgrating tablet (ODT)sedation, self-limiting rashrash can be life-threatening including steven-johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysisIf you stop the medication, contact your doctor, as you might need to restart at a lower dose. Report any signs of a rash or flu-like symptoms to your prescriber immediately.
memorize

ANTICONVULSANT

GENERIC NAMEBRAND NAMECLASSFORMULATIONS AVAILABLECOMMON SEPRECAUTIONCOUNSELING POINTS
Gabapentin, gabapentin enacarbilNeurontin, Gralise, HorizantAnticonvulsantOral:tablet, extended release tablet GRALISE, HORIZANT), capsule, suspensiondizziness/ataxia, drowsiness, weight gainN/AThis medication needs to be started low and increased slowly to avoid side effects, particularly sedation. This medication can cause weight gain, so monitor your diet, exercise and weight closely.
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
LevetiracetamKeppra, Keppra XRAnticonvulsantOral:tablet (immediate and extended release), orally disintegrating tablet, solutionsedation, aggressionN/AContact your doctor if you have worsening of mood, irritability or aggression after starting this medication. Do not abruptly stop this medication, as it increases the risk for seizures.
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
PhenytoinDilantin, Dilantin-125, PhenytekAnticonvulsantOral:capsule, extended release capsule, chewable tablet, suspension, INJECTIONsedation, nystagmus, ataxia, gingival hyperplasia, hirsutismN/AThis medication has many drug interactions, so do not start any herbals, supplements, prescription or OTC medications w/o first consulting your doctors or pharmacists. This medication can reduce the effectiveness of oral contraceptives, so you must use another form of contraception (ex. condoms). Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, as this medication may need to be discontinued.
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
PregabalinLyricaAnticonvulsantOral:capsule, solutionsedation, dizziness/ataxia, weight gainN/AThis medication can be sedating, especially when first initiating, so do not drive or operate machinery until you know how it will affect you. Medication may cause weight gain, so monitor diet, exercise, and weight gain. Call your doctor right away if you start to have any suicidal thoughts or worsening of your mood.
memorize

SEDATIVE-HYPNOTIC

GENERIC NAMEBRAND NAMECLASSFORMULATIONS AVAILABLECOMMON SEPRECAUTIONCOUNSELING POINTS
EszopicloneLunestaSedative-HypnoticOral:tabletN/AN/AMedication will become effective within 15-30 minutes of taking it.
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
ZaleplonSonataSedative-HypnoticOral capsuleN/AN/AMedication will become effective within 15-30 minutes of taking it.
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
ZolpidemAmbien, Ambien CRSedative-HypnoticOral:tablet (regular, extended release, SUBLINGUAL), SolutionN/AN/AMedication will become effective within 15-30 minutes of taking it.
memorize

BENZODIAZEPINE

GENERIC NAMEBRAND NAMECLASSFORMULATIONS AVAILABLECOMMON SEPRECAUTIONCOUNSELING POINTS
alprazolamXanax, Xanax XR, Alprazolam Intensol, NiravamBenzodiazepineOral: tablet (immediate and extended release), ODT, solutionsedationnaDo not abruptly discontinue this medication due to chance for potentially serious withdrawal. Do not drink alcohol with this medication. Taking with opioids increases the risk for respiratory depression.
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
LorazepamAtivan, Lorazepam IntensolBenzodiazepine Oral:tablet (immediate and extended release), solution; INJECTIONsedationnaDo not abruptly discontinue this medication due to chance for potentially serious withdrawal. Do not drink alcohol with this medication. Taking with opioids increases the risk for respiratory depression.
memorize

ATYPICAL ANTIPSYCHOTIC

GENERIC NAMEBRAND NAMECLASSFORMULATIONS AVAILABLECOMMON SEPRECAUTIONCOUNSELING POINTS
QuetiapineSeroquel, Seroquel XRAtypical AntipsychoticOral tab (immediately and extended)sedation, orthostatic hypotension, weight gain, hyperglycemia, hypercholesterolemiablack box warnings for increased mortality in dementia-releated psychosis and suicidality in children and young adultsSedating, so be aware of the sedative effects and do not operate heavy machinery until you know the effects that the medication has on you. Medication may cause weight gain, monitor diet and exercise.
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
RisperidoneRisperdal, Risperdal Consta, Risperdal M-TabAtypical AntipsychoticOral:tab, DISPERSIBLE TAB, INJECTION, solutionorthostatic hypotension, extrapyramidal Sx, and potential for sedation, weight gain, and increased Blood sugar/cholesterolblack box warnings for increased mortality in dementia-related psychosisReport any breast enlargements or milk discharge from breasts.
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
AripiprazoleAbilifyAtypical AntipsychoticOral:tab, DISPERSIBLE TAB; INJECTIONakathisia, insomniablack box warnings for increased mortality in dementia-related psychosis and suicidality in children and young adultsReport any movement disorders, specifically inner and/or restlessness. Can cause increases in weight, blood sugar, cholesterol and blood pressure. These need routine monitoring.
memorize

OTHER

GENERIC NAMEBRAND NAMECLASSFORMULATIONS AVAILABLECOMMON SEPRECAUTIONCOUNSELING POINTS
Sumatriptan, Sumatriptan succinateImitrex, Sumavel DosePro, Alsuma5-HT1 Receptor AgonistSUCCINATE:FILM-COATED TAB; INJECTION; SUMATRIPTAN:NASAL SOLUTIONN/AN/ATake immediately upon migraine sx to improve efficacy. Don't exceed max doses (medication overuse headache). The oral medication takes about 30 minutes to have effect, while the intranasal and injection have a faster onset of action.
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
DonepezilAricept, Aricept ODTAcetylcholinesterase InhibitorOral:tab, ORAL DISPERSIBLE TABn/v, diarrhea, insomnia, anorexiaN/ATake medication with food if causes upset stomach. Monitor for unintended weight loss, and contact your doctor if this occur. Take donepezil in the morning if it worsens your sleep (insomnia).
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
MemantineNamendaN-Methyl-D-Aspartate AntagonistOral:tablet, extended release capsule, solutionN/AN/AThis medication can cause dizziness, drowsiness and confusion, so do not drive or operate machinery until you know how it affects you. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.
memorize

ANTIDOTES

GENERIC NAMEBRAND NAMECLASSFORMULATIONS AVAILABLECOMMON SEPRECAUTIONCOUNSELING POINTS
AcetylcysteineMucomystAcetaminophen Antidote; Mucolytic AgentInjection, Oral inhalation, oral solution
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4
FlumazenilRomaziconBenzodiazepine AntidoteINJECTION
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Column 7
NaloxoneNarcan, EvzioOpioid Rceptor Antagonist/ AntidoteInjection, Oral tabletN/AN/AThis medication is to be used in the case of an opioid overdose. If there is a suspected overdose, call 911 immediately after administering the dose, even if the person becomes responsive. The second dose may be given 2-3 minutes after the first dose, if the person is non-responsive or continues to have shallow breathing. Ensure that a family member or caregiver knows where to find the naloxone and how to administer it, as the person will not be able to self-administer the medication.
memorize

MISCELLANEOUS

GENERIC NAMEBRAND NAMECLASSFORMULATIONS AVAILABLECOMMON SEPRECAUTIONCOUNSELING POINTS
OxybutyninDitropan, Ditropan XL, Gelnique, Oxytrol for WomenAnticholignergic/Antispasmoticexternal:gel,patch; oral:tablet (immediate and extended-release) tablet, syrupanticholinergic SE
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
TolterodineDetrol, Detrol LAAnticholignergicoral:tablet, capsuleanticholinergic effects
memorize

 

GENERIC NAMEBRAND NAMECLASSFORMULATIONS AVAILABLECOMMON SEPRECAUTIONCOUNSELING POINTS
AdalimumabHumiraDisease modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD)/Monoclonal antibodyINJECTIONinjection site rxn, inc, risk for infectionsuse caution with CHF, hepatitis, and pts with malignancies
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6
EtanerceptEnbrelDisease modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD)/ Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) Blocking AgentINJECTIONinjection site rxn, inc, risk for infectionsuse caution with CHF, hepatitis, and pts with malignancies
memorize