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tvo16's version from 2017-12-22 23:24

ID

ANTIBIOTIC : CEPHALOSPORIN

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulationCommon ADRsPrecautionCounseling points
CefazolinAncefAntibiotic:Cephalosporin (1st generation)INJECTION
CephalexinKeflex, KeftabAntibiotic:Cephalosporin (1st generation)oral:capsule, suspension
CefaclorCeclorAntibiotic:Cephalosporin (2nd generation)tablet (immediate and extended release)
CefuroximeCeftinAntibiotic:Cephalosporin (2nd generation)oral:tablet, suspension; injection
CeftriaxoneRocephinAntibiotic:Cephalosporin (3rd generation)injectionpseuodocholelithiasisdo not use in neonates due to risk of bilirubin encephalopathy
CefepimeMaxipimeAntibiotic:Cephalosporin (4th generation)injectionneurotoxicity including seizures
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PENICILLIN

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulationCommon ADRsPrecautionCounseling points
Amoxicillin and amoxicillin/clavulanateAmoxicillin = Amoxil, Trimox and Amoxicillin/clavulanate = AugmentinAntibiotic:PenicillinAmoxicillin=oral:capsule, tablet, suspension; amoxicillin/clavulanate=oral:tablet, suspension
Penicillin V potassium, penicillin G procaine/benzathinePen VK, Veetids, Beepen-VK, Bicillin C-R (penicillin G Benzathine and penicillin G procaine)Antibiotic:Penicillinoral:solution, tablet; injection (penicillin G)
Piperacillin/tazobactamZosynAntibiotic:PenicillinInjection
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FLUROQUINOLONE

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulationCommon ADRsPrecautionCounseling points
CiprofloxacinCipro, Cipro XRAntibiotic:Fluroquinoloneoral:tablet(immediate and extended-release), suspension; Injection; Ophthalmic solution and ointment; Otic suspensiontendonitis, tendon rupture, QT prolongation
LevofloxacinLevaquinAntibiotic:Fluroquinoloneoral tablet; injectiontendonitis, tendon rupture, QT prolongation
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MACROLIDE

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulationCommon ADRsPrecautionCounseling points
AzithromycinZithromaxAntibiotic:Macrolideoral:capsule, tablet, suspension; INJECTIONQT prolongation
ClarithromycinBiaxin, Biaxin XLAntibiotic:Macrolideoral: tablet, extended release tablet, suspensionmetallic taste
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ANTIBIOTIC/CORTICOSTEROID

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulationCommon ADRsPrecautionCounseling points
Tobramycin, dexamethasone (ophthalmic)TobradexAntibiotic/Corticosteroidophthalmic; suspension, ointment
Neomycin, polymyxin B, hydrocortisoneCortisporinAntibiotic/Corticosteroidexternal cream; ophthalmic suspension; otic solution and suspension
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ANTIFUNGAL

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulationCommon ADRsPrecautionCounseling points
Amphotericin BAmphocin, FungizoneAntifungal:PolyeneInjectionnephrotoxicity
NystatinMycostatin, Bio-StatinAntifungal:PolyeneOintment, cream
FluconazoleDiflucanAntifungal:Triazoleoral:talet, suspension; Injectionhepatoxicity, QT prolongation
VoriconazoleVfendAntifungal:TriazoleOral:tablet, suspension; Injectionvisual disturbances, QT prolongation
MiconazoleOravig, Micatin, Monistat, Monistat 3, Lotrimin AF, Desenex, CruexAntifungal:imidazole derivativeoral: BUCCAL TABLET; Vaginal: cream and suppository; external: aerosol spray, powder, cream, ointment, lotion, sol
TerbinafineLamisil AT (OTC), TerbinexAntifungaloral; extenal:cream, gel, solutionhepatoxicity
CaspofunginCancidasAntifungal:EchinocandinINJECTION
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ANTIVIRAL

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulationCommon ADRsPrecautionCounseling points
DocosanolAbrevaAntiviralexternal cream
AcyclovirZoviraxAntiviraloral: capsule, suspension, tablet; Injection
OseltamivirTamifluAntiviraloral capsuledelirium, abnormal behavior
ValacyclovirValtrexAntiviraloral capsule
Efavirenz, emtricitabine, tenofovirAtriplaAntiretroviraloral tabletCNS (including severe neuropsychiatric Sx, severe depression, abnormal dreams), rash, hepatoxicity, nephrotoxicity, bone losslife threatening lactic acidosis and severe hepatomegaly and steatosis have occuredAdherence
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OTHERS

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulationCommon ADRsPrecautionCounseling points
BacitracinBacitin (OTC), BACiiMAntibioticexternal topical ointment (Bacitin); INJECTION (BACiiM); ophthalmic ointmentcontact dermatitis, pruritus
ClindamycinCleocinAntibiotic:Lincosamidesoral:capsule; Injectiondiarrheacommon cause of Clostridium difficile colitis
DaptomycinCubicinAntibiotic:Cyclic LipopeptidesInjectionCPK elevations
DoxycyclineVibramycinAntibiotic:Tetracyclinesoral:capsule, suspension; Injectionphotosensitivityavoid in children < 8yo due to teeth discoloration
Imipenem & cilastatinPrimaxinAntibiotic:CarbapenemInjectionseizures
LinezolidZyvoxAntibiotic:Oxazolidinoneoral:tablet, suspension; Injectionthrombocytopenia, neutropenia, anemia, serotonin syndromeserotonin syndrome if given with MAOI, SSRI, SNRI
MetronidazoleFlagylAntibiotic:Nitroimidazoleoral:tablet(immediate and extended release), capsule; Injection; Topical gelmetallic taste, peripheral neuropathyavoid alcohol
NitrofurantoinMacrodantin, MacrobidAntibiotic:Nitrofuansoral capsulendont use if G6PD-deficient
Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazoleBactrim, Bactrim DS, Septra DS, SulfatrimAntibiotic:Sulfonamideoral:tablet, suspension; Injectionrash including stevens-johnson syndrome, blood dyscrasias, renal (inc BUN/SCr)
VancomycinVancocinAntibiotic:Glycopeptide oral capsule; InjectionIV:nephrotoxicity, red man's syndrome, ototoxicity
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