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TOP 200 - GI

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tvo16's version from 2017-12-25 19:29

TOP 200 - GI

PROTON PUMP INHIBITOR

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEprecautionCouseling Point
OmeprazolePrilosec, Prilosec OTCProton Pump InhibitorOral:delayed released capsule, delayed released tablet, suspensionn/an/atake 30 mins before largest meal for max efficacy
PantoprazoleProtonixProton Pump Inhibitordelayed release tablet; INJECTION: n/an/atake 30 mins before largest meal for max efficacy
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RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEprecautionCouseling Point
FamotidinePepcid, Pepcid AC (OTC)H2 Receptor AntagonistOral:tablet, chewable, suspension; INJECTABLE
OndansetronZofran, Zofran ODT, Zuplenz5-HT3 Receptor AntagonistINJECTION; oral:tablet, orally disintegrating table, oral soluble film, solution
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LAXATIVES

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEprecautionCouseling Point
BisacodylDulcolax (OTC)Stimulant laxativetablet; rectal suppository; enema
Polyethylene glycol 3350Miralax (OTC)Laxative:Osmoticoral powder for solution
PsylliumMetamucil, Fiberall (both OTC)Bulk Forming Laxativeoral:capsule, powder, wafer
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ANTIDIARRHEA

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEprecautionCouseling Point
Bismuth subsalicylatePepto-Bismol (OTC), Kaopectate (OTC)Antidiarrhea:antisecretory agentoral:suspension, chewable tableblack tarry stools, black tonguedo not use in kid or teenagers who have or are recovering from flu-like Sx
LoperamideImodium (OTC)Antidiarrheaoral:capsule, caplet, chewable, liquidn/arisk of toxic megacolon if used to stop diarrhea d/t infection
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ANTACID

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEprecautionCouseling Point
Aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxideMaalox (OTC), Mylanta (OTC)Antacidoral:suspension, tablet, chewable tabletnmay blind w/ other oral med w/i GI tract (decreasing other drugs's bioavailability)
Calcium carbonateTums, Rolaids, Caltrate (all OTC)Calcium Supplement/Antacidoral:suspension, chewable tablet, gum, lozenge, liquidconstipation
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OTHER

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEprecautionCouseling Point
Docusate sodiumColace (OTC)Stool Softeneroral:capsule, solution, tabletn/an/akeep hydrated so medication will be effective.Best for prevention vs. Tx
LubiprostoneAmitizaChloride Channel Activatororal capsulen/an/adyspnea: has been observed with use;often described as chest tightness & difficulty in taking a breath;generally occurs as an acute onset (w/i 30-60 mins following the 1st dose)& resolves w/i few hours,however, has been frequently reported w/subsequent dosing.If nausea,take with food
MetoclopramideReglan, Metozolv ODTGI prokinetic agentINJECTABLE; oral: tablet, syrupt, oral disintegrating tabletnrisk of EPS
SimethiconeGas-X, Mylanta Gas, Mylicon, Phazyme (all OTC)Anti-gas/Anti-flatulentoral:capsule, chewable tablet, oral strip, liquid, suspension
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